Pupil-teacher ratio, preprimary - Country Ranking

Definition: Preprimary school pupil-teacher ratio is the average number of pupils per teacher in preprimary school.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Ethiopia 164.92 2014
2 Tanzania 82.93 2013
3 Timor-Leste 72.35 2014
4 Central African Republic 44.27 2011
5 Rwanda 41.24 2013
6 India 40.31 2006
7 Bolivia 38.84 2007
8 Liberia 35.89 2000
9 Papua New Guinea 35.27 2002
10 Burundi 35.27 2014
11 Zimbabwe 34.69 2012
12 Philippines 34.65 2007
13 El Salvador 34.12 2013
14 The Gambia 33.97 2014
15 Eritrea 33.83 2013
16 Guinea 33.54 2010
17 Solomon Islands 33.22 2014
18 Ghana 32.54 2014
19 South Africa 32.03 2013
20 Angola 31.54 2011
21 Cambodia 31.35 2014
22 Gabon 30.23 2001
23 Israel 30.02 1990
24 Togo 30.01 2014
25 Chad 29.30 2013
26 Uganda 29.22 2013
27 Guinea-Bissau 28.96 2010
28 Nigeria 28.91 2008
29 Thailand 28.87 2012
30 Niger 28.19 2014
31 Myanmar 28.00 2014
32 Oman 27.25 2014
33 Mongolia 27.18 2012
34 Kyrgyz Republic 26.93 2011
35 Iran 26.91 2005
36 Mozambique 26.72 1973
37 Benin 26.71 2014
38 Namibia 26.64 1999
39 Uruguay 26.31 2010
40 Kenya 26.30 2014
41 Japan 26.00 2013
42 Comoros 25.93 2000
43 Congo 25.66 2012
44 Colombia 25.63 2011
45 Algeria 25.36 2011
46 Mexico 25.26 2012
47 Puerto Rico 24.93 2013
48 Burkina Faso 24.67 2013
49 Dem. Rep. Congo 24.57 2014
50 Monaco 24.45 2001
51 Suriname 24.28 2014
52 Egypt 24.28 2013
53 Paraguay 24.09 2012
54 Ireland 23.96 1997
55 Jamaica 23.82 2007
56 Honduras 23.65 2014
57 Sudan 23.28 2011
58 Bangladesh 23.12 2002
59 Singapore 23.01 1989
60 Nepal 22.68 2014
61 Venezuela 22.47 1997
62 China 22.27 2013
63 Haiti 21.97 1985
64 Côte d'Ivoire 21.85 2014
65 Dominican Republic 21.41 2014
66 Nicaragua 21.19 2010
67 Cameroon 21.10 2014
68 Antigua and Barbuda 20.94 2012
69 France 20.33 2013
70 Hong Kong SAR, China 19.99 1998
71 Argentina 19.91 2008
72 Mali 19.67 2014
73 Madagascar 19.39 2014
74 Tunisia 19.23 2002
75 Fiji 19.21 2006
76 Guatemala 19.21 2012
77 Lao PDR 19.17 2014
78 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 19.00 2009
79 Malaysia 18.98 2013
80 Sierra Leone 18.83 2013
81 United Arab Emirates 18.77 2014
82 Morocco 18.73 2014
83 Panama 18.63 2013
84 Albania 18.25 2014
85 Spain 17.92 1998
86 Palau 17.86 2014
87 Peru 17.85 2012
88 Ecuador 17.73 2013
89 Canada 17.72 2000
90 Cabo Verde 17.70 2014
91 Vietnam 17.63 2014
92 Equatorial Guinea 17.48 2012
93 Senegal 17.22 2014
94 Barbados 17.14 2014
95 Turkey 17.13 2013
96 Brazil 17.10 2013
97 Brunei 17.02 2014
98 Jordan 16.94 2012
99 Syrian Arab Republic 16.83 2014
100 Belize 16.60 2014
101 Romania 16.57 2013
102 Djibouti 16.37 2009
103 Portugal 16.33 2013
104 Macao SAR, China 16.04 2014
105 Guyana 15.63 2012
106 Cyprus 15.63 2014
107 Netherlands 15.44 2013
108 Vanuatu 15.35 2013
109 Bahrain 15.22 2014
110 Yemen 15.08 2011
111 Iraq 15.06 2007
112 São Tomé and Principe 15.01 2014
113 Poland 14.99 2013
114 Indonesia 14.93 2013
115 United Kingdom 14.77 2013
116 Korea 14.35 2014
117 Bosnia and Herzegovina 13.97 2012
118 Lebanon 13.96 2013
119 Qatar 13.92 2014
120 Czech Republic 13.89 2013
121 Latvia 13.75 2013
122 United States 13.74 2013
123 Andorra 13.70 2014
124 Seychelles 13.65 2014
125 Belgium 13.58 2013
126 Trinidad and Tobago 13.53 2007
127 Grenada 13.51 2013
128 Tajikistan 13.48 2013
129 Costa Rica 13.10 2014
130 Lesotho 13.08 2014
131 Dominica 12.89 2014
132 Bulgaria 12.82 2014
133 Serbia 12.74 2014
134 Italy 12.70 2013
135 Tuvalu 12.68 2014
136 Cuba 12.67 2012
137 Croatia 12.65 2012
138 Slovak Republic 12.63 2013
139 Mauritius 12.54 2014
140 Swaziland 12.47 2011
141 St. Kitts and Nevis 12.46 2014
142 Switzerland 11.95 2012
143 Greece 11.92 2007
144 Finland 11.85 2013
145 Somalia 11.71 1986
146 Austria 11.68 2013
147 Samoa 11.48 2014
148 Tonga 11.37 2012
149 Botswana 11.29 2012
150 Bhutan 11.26 2014
151 The Bahamas 11.18 2002
152 Azerbaijan 11.15 2014
153 Hungary 11.14 2013
154 Saudi Arabia 10.82 2014
155 Georgia 10.73 2007
156 New Zealand 10.69 2012
157 Liechtenstein 10.67 2012
158 Kuwait 10.33 2013
159 St. Lucia 10.23 2014
160 Luxembourg 10.17 2012
161 Sweden 9.88 2007
162 Malta 9.82 2014
163 Moldova 9.71 2012
164 Chile 9.48 2011
165 Montenegro 9.47 2012
166 Armenia 9.40 2012
167 Kazakhstan 9.35 2014
168 Ukraine 9.35 2012
169 Uzbekistan 9.26 2011
170 Slovenia 9.19 2013
171 Libya 8.95 2006
172 Russia 8.92 2012
173 Cayman Islands 8.44 2012
174 Germany 8.32 2013
175 Macedonia 7.99 2012
176 Belarus 7.81 2014
177 San Marino 7.76 2012
178 Afghanistan 7.23 2003
179 Lithuania 7.11 2012
180 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.09 2013
181 Mauritania 7.02 2014
182 Estonia 6.82 2012
183 Norway 6.21 1998
184 Denmark 5.53 2001
185 Iceland 5.03 2012

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Development Relevance: The pupil-teacher ratio is often used to compare the quality of schooling across countries, but it is often weakly related to student learning and quality of education.

Limitations and Exceptions: The comparability of pupil-teacher ratios across countries is affected by the definition of teachers and by differences in class size by grade and in the number of hours taught, as well as the different practices countries employ such as part-time teachers, school shifts, and multi-grade classes. Moreover, the underlying enrollment levels are subject to a variety of reporting errors.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Pupil-teacher ratio is calculated by dividing the number of students at the specified level of education by the number of teachers at the same level of education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual