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Uruguay Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
3,369,299 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 19.91% (male 341,402 /female 329,474)
15-24 years: 15.56% (male 265,486 /female 258,611)
25-54 years: 39.48% (male 658,871 /female 671,172)
55-64 years: 10.68% (male 169,385 /female 190,392)
65 years and over: 14.38% (male 194,269 /female 290,237) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 55.9 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 33.4 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 22.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 4.4 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 35.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 33.3 years
female: 36.9 years
Population growth rate
0.27% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
13 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
9.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 95.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.46% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.745 million MONTEVIDEO (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 8.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 77.6 years (2018 est.)
male: 74.4 years
female: 80.8 years
Total fertility rate
1.79 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
79.6% (2015)

note: percent of women aged 15-44

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.6% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
14,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<200 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 93.9% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 6.1% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 96.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 92.6% of population (2015 est.)
total: 96.4% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 3.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 7.4% of population (2015 est.)
total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Uruguayan(s)
adjective: Uruguayan
Ethnic groups
white 87.7%, black 4.6%, indigenous 2.4%, other 0.3%, none or unspecified 5% (2011 est.)

note: data represent primary ethnic identity

Religions
Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006 est.)
Demographic profile

Uruguay rates high for most development indicators and is known for its secularism, liberal social laws, and well-developed social security, health, and educational systems. It is one of the few countries in Latin America and the Caribbean where the entire population has access to clean water. Uruguay's provision of free primary through university education has contributed to the country's high levels of literacy and educational attainment. However, the emigration of human capital has diminished the state's return on its investment in education. Remittances from the roughly 18% of Uruguayans abroad amount to less than 1 percent of national GDP. The emigration of young adults and a low birth rate are causing Uruguay's population to age rapidly.

In the 1960s, Uruguayans for the first time emigrated en masse - primarily to Argentina and Brazil - because of economic decline and the onset of more than a decade of military dictatorship. Economic crises in the early 1980s and 2002 also triggered waves of emigration, but since 2002 more than 70% of Uruguayan emigrants have selected the US and Spain as destinations because of better job prospects. Uruguay had a tiny population upon its independence in 1828 and welcomed thousands of predominantly Italian and Spanish immigrants, but the country has not experienced large influxes of new arrivals since the aftermath of World War II. More recent immigrants include Peruvians and Arabs.

Languages
Spanish (official)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.6%
male: 98.2%
female: 99% (2017 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
Education expenditures
4.4% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate
17 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
4% (2011)
Health expenditures
9.2% (2015)
Physicians density
5.05 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
2.8 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
27.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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