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Uruguay Demographics Profile

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Population3,398,239 (July 2021 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Uruguayan(s)

adjective: Uruguayan
Ethnic groupsWhite 87.7%, Black 4.6%, Indigenous 2.4%, other 0.3%, none or unspecified 5% (2011 est.)

note: data represent primary ethnic identity
LanguagesSpanish (official)

major-language sample(s):
La Libreta Informativa del Mundo, la fuente indispensable de información básica. (Spanish)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
ReligionsRoman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 19.51% (male 336,336/female 324,563)

15-24 years: 15.14% (male 259,904/female 252,945)

25-54 years: 39.86% (male 670,295/female 679,850)

55-64 years: 10.79% (male 172,313/female 193,045)

65 years and over: 14.71% (male 200,516/female 297,838) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 54.9

youth dependency ratio: 31.5

elderly dependency ratio: 23.4

potential support ratio: 4.3 (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 35.5 years

male: 33.8 years

female: 37.3 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate0.26% (2021 est.)
Birth rate12.75 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate9.24 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate-0.88 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Population distributionmost of the country's population resides in the southern half of the country; approximately 80% of the populace is urban, living in towns or cities; nearly half of the population lives in and around the capital of Montevideo
Urbanizationurban population: 95.6% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.4% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Major cities - population1.760 million MONTEVIDEO (capital) (2021)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Maternal mortality rate17 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 8.48 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.65 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 7.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.19 years

male: 75.06 years

female: 81.42 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate1.76 children born/woman (2021 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate79.6% (2015)

note: percent of women aged 15-44
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 93.9% of population

total: 99.7% of population

unimproved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 95% of population

total: 100% of population (2017 est.)
Health expenditures9.2% (2018)
Physicians density5.08 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density2.4 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 99% of population

rural: 98.3% of population

total: 98.9% of population

unimproved: urban: 1% of population

rural: 1.7% of population

total: 2.1% of population (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS12,000 (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<200 (2020 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27.9% (2016)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.8% (2018)
Education expenditures5% of GDP (2018)
Demographic profile

Uruguay rates high for most development indicators and is known for its secularism, liberal social laws, and well-developed social security, health, and educational systems. It is one of the few countries in Latin America and the Caribbean where the entire population has access to clean water. Uruguay's provision of free primary through university education has contributed to the country's high levels of literacy and educational attainment. However, the emigration of human capital has diminished the state's return on its investment in education. Remittances from the roughly 18% of Uruguayans abroad amount to less than 1 percent of national GDP. The emigration of young adults and a low birth rate are causing Uruguay's population to age rapidly.

In the 1960s, Uruguayans for the first time emigrated en masse - primarily to Argentina and Brazil - because of economic decline and the onset of more than a decade of military dictatorship. Economic crises in the early 1980s and 2002 also triggered waves of emigration, but since 2002 more than 70% of Uruguayan emigrants have selected the US and Spain as destinations because of better job prospects. Uruguay had a tiny population upon its independence in 1828 and welcomed thousands of predominantly Italian and Spanish immigrants, but the country has not experienced large influxes of new arrivals since the aftermath of World War II. More recent immigrants include Peruvians and Arabs.

Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 98.7%

male: 98.4%

female: 99% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years

male: NA

female: NA (2017)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 18, 2021

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