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Thailand Demographics Profile

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Population
68,977,400 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 16.45% (male 5,812,803/female 5,533,772)
15-24 years: 13.02% (male 4,581,622/female 4,400,997)
25-54 years: 45.69% (male 15,643,583/female 15,875,353)
55-64 years: 13.01% (male 4,200,077/female 4,774,801)
65 years and over: 11.82% (male 3,553,273/female 4,601,119) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 41.9
youth dependency ratio: 23.5
elderly dependency ratio: 18.4
potential support ratio: 5.4 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 39 years
male: 37.8 years
female: 40.1 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.25% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
10.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 51.4% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.73% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
10.539 million BANGKOK (capital), 1.399 Chon Buri, 1.307 million Samut Prakan, 1.167 million Chiang Mai, 967,000 Songkla, 963,000 Nothaburi (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 96 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
23.3 years (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 8.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.6 years
male: 72.4 years
female: 78.9 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.54 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
78.4% (2015/16)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.8% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
480,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
14,000 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
Nationality
noun: Thai (singular and plural)
adjective: Thai
Ethnic groups
Thai 97.5%, Burmese 1.3%, other 1.1%, unspecified <.1% (2015 est.)
note: data represent population by nationality
Religions
Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.3%, Christian 1%, other (2015 est.)
Languages
Thai (official) only 90.7%, Thai and other languages 6.4%, only other languages 2.9% (includes Malay, Burmese) (2010 est.)

note: data represent population by language(s) spoken at home; English is a secondary language of the elite

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.9%
male: 94.7%
female: 91.2% (2015)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2016)
Education expenditures
4.1% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate
37 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
6.7% (2016)
Health expenditures
3.7% (2017)
Physicians density
0.81 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
10% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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