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Thailand Demographics Profile 2018

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Population68,414,135
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.93% (male 5,933,269/female 5,649,864)
15-24 years: 14.17% (male 4,943,583/female 4,752,038)
25-54 years: 46.32% (male 15,677,322/female 16,009,399)
55-64 years: 12% (male 3,851,575/female 4,358,837)
65 years and over: 10.58% (male 3,165,799/female 4,072,449) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 40
youth dependency ratio: 25.2
elderly dependency ratio: 14.8
potential support ratio: 6.8 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 37.7 years
male: 36.6 years
female: 38.7 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.3% (2017 est.)
Birth rate11 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 52.7% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.2% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationBANGKOK (capital) 9.27 million; Samut Prakan 1.814 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.3 years (2009 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.9 years
male: 71.7 years
female: 78.3 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.52 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate79.3% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS450,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths16,000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97.6% of population
rural: 98% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.4% of population
rural: 2% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 89.9% of population
rural: 96.1% of population
total: 93% of population
unimproved:
urban: 10.1% of population
rural: 3.9% of population
total: 7% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Thai (singular and plural)
adjective: Thai
Ethnic groupsThai 97.5%, Burmese 1.3%, other 1.1%, unspecified <.1% (2015 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.3%, Christian 1%, other <.1%, none <.1% (2015 est.)
LanguagesThai (official) 90.7%, Burmese 1.3%, other 8%
note: English is a secondary language of the elite (2010 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.9%
male: 94.7%
female: 91.2% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2015)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 818,399
percentage: 8% (2006 est.)
Education expenditures4.1% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate20 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight9.2% (2012)
Health expenditures6.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.39 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate10% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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