Home

Thailand vs. Cambodia

Demographics

ThailandCambodia
Population
68,615,858 (July 2018 est.)
16,449,519 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 16.73% (male 5,880,026 /female 5,598,611)
15-24 years: 13.83% (male 4,840,303 /female 4,649,589)
25-54 years: 46.12% (male 15,670,881 /female 15,972,254)
55-64 years: 12.35% (male 3,970,979 /female 4,503,647)
65 years and over: 10.97% (male 3,289,576 /female 4,239,992) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 30.76% (male 2,556,733 /female 2,503,796)
15-24 years: 17.84% (male 1,452,795 /female 1,482,065)
25-54 years: 41.09% (male 3,312,036 /female 3,446,962)
55-64 years: 5.94% (male 406,970 /female 569,383)
65 years and over: 4.37% (male 269,159 /female 449,620) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 38.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 37 years
female: 39.2 years
total: 25.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 24.9 years
female: 26.4 years
Population growth rate
0.29% (2018 est.)
1.48% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
11 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
22.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.71 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 9.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 46.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 52.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 39.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 71.9 years
female: 78.5 years
total population: 65.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 62.7 years
female: 67.9 years
Total fertility rate
1.52 children born/woman (2018 est.)
2.47 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
1.1% (2018 est.)
0.5% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Thai (singular and plural)
adjective: Thai
noun: Cambodian(s)
adjective: Cambodian
Ethnic groups
Thai 97.5%, Burmese 1.3%, other 1.1%, unspecified <.1% (2015 est.)
note: data represent population by nationality
Khmer 97.6%, Cham 1.2%, Chinese 0.1%, Vietnamese 0.1%, other 0.9% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
480,000 (2018 est.)
73,000 (2018 est.)
Religions
Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.3%, Christian 1%, other (2015 est.)
Buddhist (official) 97.9%, Muslim 1.1%, Christian 0.5%, other 0.6% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
18,000 (2018 est.)
1,300 (2018 est.)
Languages
Thai (official) only 90.7%, Thai and other languages 6.4%, only other languages (includes Malay, Burmese) (2010 est.)

note: data represent population by language(s) spoken at home; English is a secondary language of the elite

Khmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.9%
male: 94.7%
female: 91.2% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.5%
male: 86.5%
female: 75% (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria (2016)
degree of risk: very high (2019)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2019)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria (2019)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2016)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2008)
Education expenditures
4.1% of GDP (2013)
1.9% of GDP (2014)
Urbanization
urban population: 50.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.73% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 23.8% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3.25% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 97.6% of population
rural: 98% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.4% of population
rural: 2% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 69.1% of population
total: 75.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 30.9% of population
total: 24.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 89.9% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 96.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 93% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 10.1% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 3.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 7% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 88.1% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 30.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 42.4% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 11.9% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 69.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 57.6% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
10.35 million BANGKOK (capital), 1.289 million Samut Prakan, 1.151 million Chiang Mai, 954,000 Songkla, 950,000 Nothaburi, 901,000 Pathum Thani (2019)
2.014 million PHNOM PENH (capital) (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
37 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
160 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
6.7% (2016)
24.1% (2014)
Health expenditures
3.8% (2015)
6.1% (2016)
Physicians density
0.81 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
0.17 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
0.8 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
10% (2016)
3.9% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
23.3 years (2009 est.)
22.9 years (2014 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Contraceptive prevalence rate
78.4% (2015/16)
56.3% (2014)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 40 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 25.2 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 14.8 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 6.8 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 55.6 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 49.2 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 6.4 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 15.6 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook