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Thailand vs. Laos

Demographics

ThailandLaos
Population
68,615,858 (July 2018 est.)
7,234,171 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 16.73% (male 5,880,026 /female 5,598,611)
15-24 years: 13.83% (male 4,840,303 /female 4,649,589)
25-54 years: 46.12% (male 15,670,881 /female 15,972,254)
55-64 years: 12.35% (male 3,970,979 /female 4,503,647)
65 years and over: 10.97% (male 3,289,576 /female 4,239,992) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 32.19% (male 1,177,639 /female 1,151,134)
15-24 years: 21% (male 754,198 /female 764,673)
25-54 years: 37.29% (male 1,332,231 /female 1,365,715)
55-64 years: 5.57% (male 196,509 /female 206,613)
65 years and over: 3.95% (male 129,336 /female 156,123) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 38.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 37 years
female: 39.2 years
total: 23.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 23 years
female: 23.7 years
Population growth rate
0.29% (2018 est.)
1.48% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
11 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
23.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
-1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 9.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 48.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 53.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 43 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 71.9 years
female: 78.5 years
total population: 65 years (2018 est.)
male: 62.9 years
female: 67.1 years
Total fertility rate
1.52 children born/woman (2018 est.)
2.65 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
1.1% (2018 est.)
0.3% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Thai (singular and plural)
adjective: Thai
noun: Lao(s) or Laotian(s)
adjective: Lao or Laotian
Ethnic groups
Thai 97.5%, Burmese 1.3%, other 1.1%, unspecified <.1% (2015 est.)
note: data represent population by nationality
Lao 53.2%, Khmou 11%, Hmong 9.2%, Phouthay 3.4%, Tai 3.1%, Makong 2.5%, Katong 2.2%, Lue 2%, Akha 1.8%, other 11.6% (2015 est.)

note: the Laos Government officially recognizes 49 ethnic groups, but the total number of ethnic groups is estimated to be well over 200

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
480,000 (2018 est.)
12,000 (2018 est.)
Religions
Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.3%, Christian 1%, other (2015 est.)
Buddhist 64.7%, Christian 1.7%, none 31.4%, other/not stated 2.1% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
18,000 (2018 est.)
<500 (2018 est.)
Languages
Thai (official) only 90.7%, Thai and other languages 6.4%, only other languages (includes Malay, Burmese) (2010 est.)

note: data represent population by language(s) spoken at home; English is a secondary language of the elite

Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.9%
male: 94.7%
female: 91.2% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.7%
male: 90%
female: 79.4% (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria (2016)
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2016)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2017)
Education expenditures
4.1% of GDP (2013)
2.9% of GDP (2014)
Urbanization
urban population: 50.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.73% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 35.6% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 97.6% of population
rural: 98% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.4% of population
rural: 2% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 85.6% of population
rural: 69.4% of population
total: 75.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 14.4% of population
rural: 30.6% of population
total: 24.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 89.9% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 96.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 93% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 10.1% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 3.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 7% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 94.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 56% of population (2015 est.)
total: 70.9% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 5.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 44% of population (2015 est.)
total: 29.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
10.35 million BANGKOK (capital), 1.289 million Samut Prakan, 1.151 million Chiang Mai, 954,000 Songkla, 950,000 Nothaburi, 901,000 Pathum Thani (2019)
673,000 VIENTIANE (capital) (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
37 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
185 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
6.7% (2016)
26.9% (2011)
Health expenditures
3.8% (2015)
2.8% (2015)
Physicians density
0.81 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
0.5 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
1.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
10% (2016)
5.3% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
78.4% (2015/16)
54.1% (2017)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 40 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 25.2 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 14.8 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 6.8 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 60.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 54 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 16.1 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook