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Portugal Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
10,355,493 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 14.01% (male 743,277 /female 707,437)
15-24 years: 10.89% (male 580,709 /female 546,908)
25-54 years: 42.04% (male 2,143,735 /female 2,209,736)
55-64 years: 12.8% (male 605,113 /female 720,192)
65 years and over: 20.26% (male 838,606 /female 1,259,780) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 53.4 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 21.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 31.8 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.1 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 43.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 41.8 years
female: 45.6 years
Population growth rate
-0.27% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
10.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 65.8% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.47% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.942 million LISBON (capital), 1.31 million Porto (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
30.2 years (2015 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 80.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 77.7 years
female: 84.2 years
Total fertility rate
1.39 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73.9% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.5% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
41,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 99.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Portuguese (singular and plural)
adjective: Portuguese
Ethnic groups
white homogeneous Mediterranean population; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990, Eastern Europeans have migrated to Portugal
Religions
Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3% (2011 est.)

note: represents population 15 years of age and older

Languages
Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.7%
male: 97.1%
female: 94.4% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2016)
Education expenditures
4.9% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
8 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
9% (2015)
Physicians density
3.34 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
3.4 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
20.8% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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