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Portugal Demographics Profile

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Population
10,302,674 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 13.58% (male 716,102/female 682,582)
15-24 years: 10.94% (male 580,074/female 547,122)
25-54 years: 41.49% (male 2,109,693/female 2,164,745)
55-64 years: 13.08% (male 615,925/female 731,334)
65 years and over: 20.92% (male 860,198/female 1,294,899) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 55.8
youth dependency ratio: 20.3
elderly dependency ratio: 35.5
potential support ratio: 2.8 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 44.6 years
male: 42.7 years
female: 46.5 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.25% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
8.1 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
10.8 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 66.3% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.47% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.957 million LISBON (capital), 1.313 million Porto (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 90.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.6 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.1 years
male: 77.9 years
female: 84.4 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.41 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73.9% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.5% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
41,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Portuguese (singular and plural)
adjective: Portuguese
Ethnic groups
white homogeneous Mediterranean population; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990, Eastern Europeans have migrated to Portugal
Religions
Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3% (2011 est.)

note: represents population 15 years of age and older

Languages
Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.1%
male: 97.4%
female: 95.1% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures
4.9% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
8 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
9% (2017)
Physicians density
5.12 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
3.4 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
20.8% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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