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Portugal Demographics Profile 2018

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Population10,839,514 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.34% (male 866,004/female 797,004)
15-24 years: 11.36% (male 653,672/female 577,800)
25-54 years: 41.72% (male 2,298,920/female 2,223,184)
55-64 years: 12.18% (male 617,036/female 702,992)
65 years and over: 19.4% (male 861,270/female 1,241,632) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.4
youth dependency ratio: 21.6
elderly dependency ratio: 31.8
potential support ratio: 3.1 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.2 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 44.4 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.04% (2017 est.)
Birth rate9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate11.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 64.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.76% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationLISBON (capital) 2.884 million; Porto 1.299 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.2 years (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.4 years
male: 76.2 years
female: 82.9 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.53 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate73.9% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 99.8% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 0.2% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Portuguese (singular and plural)
adjective: Portuguese
Ethnic groupshomogeneous Mediterranean population; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990, East Europeans have entered Portugal
ReligionsRoman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%
note: represents population 15 years of age and older (2011 est.)
LanguagesPortuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.7%
male: 97.1%
female: 94.4% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Education expenditures5.3% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate10 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures9.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density4.43 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.8% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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