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Portugal vs. Spain

Demographics

PortugalSpain
Population
10,355,493 (July 2018 est.)
49,331,076 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 14.01% (male 743,277 /female 707,437)
15-24 years: 10.89% (male 580,709 /female 546,908)
25-54 years: 42.04% (male 2,143,735 /female 2,209,736)
55-64 years: 12.8% (male 605,113 /female 720,192)
65 years and over: 20.26% (male 838,606 /female 1,259,780) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 15.29% (male 3,879,229 /female 3,664,016)
15-24 years: 9.65% (male 2,458,486 /female 2,299,523)
25-54 years: 44.54% (male 11,208,598 /female 10,762,651)
55-64 years: 12.38% (male 2,980,206 /female 3,125,949)
65 years and over: 18.15% (male 3,833,601 /female 5,118,817) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 43.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 41.8 years
female: 45.6 years
total: 43.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 41.9 years
female: 44.3 years
Population growth rate
-0.27% (2018 est.)
0.73% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
10.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
7.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.2 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 80.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 77.7 years
female: 84.2 years
total population: 81.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 78.8 years
female: 85 years
Total fertility rate
1.39 children born/woman (2018 est.)
1.5 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.5% (2018 est.)
0.3% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Portuguese (singular and plural)
adjective: Portuguese
noun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish
Ethnic groups
white homogeneous Mediterranean population; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990, Eastern Europeans have migrated to Portugal
Spanish 86.4%, Morocco 1.8%, Romania 1.3%, other 10.5% (2018 est.)
note: data represent population by country of birth
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
41,000 (2018 est.)
150,000 (2018 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3% (2011 est.)

note: represents population 15 years of age and older

Roman Catholic 68.9%, atheist 11.3%, agnostic 7.6%, other 2.8%, non-believer 8.2%, unspecified 1.1% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2018 est.)
NA
Languages
Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Castilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan, <5,000 speakers)

note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.7%
male: 97.1%
female: 94.4% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.3%
male: 98.8%
female: 97.7% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2016)
total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2016)
Education expenditures
4.9% of GDP (2015)
4.3% of GDP (2015)
Urbanization
urban population: 65.8% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.47% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 80.6% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.33% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data include Canary Islands, Ceuta, and Melilla

Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 99.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 99.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.9% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
2.942 million LISBON (capital), 1.31 million Porto (2019)
6.559 million MADRID (capital), 5.541 million Barcelona, 832,000 Valencia (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
8 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
9% (2015)
9.2% (2015)
Physicians density
3.34 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
4.07 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
3.4 beds/1,000 population (2013)
3 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
20.8% (2016)
23.8% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
30.2 years (2015 est.)
30.7 years (2015 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73.9% (2014)
70.9% (2016)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 53.4 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 21.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 31.8 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.1 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 51 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 22.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 28.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook