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Republic of Poland

Rzeczpospolita Polska  (Polish)
Anthem: "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego"
(English: "Poland Is Not Yet Lost")
EU-Poland (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Poland.svg
Location of Poland (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Warsaw
52°13′N21°02′E / 52.217°N 21.033°E / 52.217; 21.033
Official languagesPolish[1]
Ethnic groups
(2011[2][3])
Religion
(2015[4])
Demonym(s)
  • Polish
  • Pole
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidential
constitutional republic
Andrzej Duda
Mateusz Morawiecki
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Sejm
Formation
14 April 966
18 April 1025
1 July 1569
24 October 1795
22 July 1807
9 June 1815
11 November 1918
17 September 1939
19 February 1947
31 December 1989[6]
Area
• Total
312,696[7] km2 (120,733 sq mi)[b] (69th)
• Water (%)
1.48 (as of 2015)[9]
Population
• 2019 estimate
Decrease 38,383,000[10] (37th)
• Density
123/km2 (318.6/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.353 trillion[11] (22nd)
• Per capita
Increase $35,651[11] (43rd)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $607 billion[11] (20th)
• Per capita
Increase $15,988[11] (54th)
Gini (2019)Negative increase 28.5[12]
low
HDI (2018)Increase 0.872[13]
very high · 32nd
CurrencyPolish złoty (PLN)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+48
ISO 3166 codePL
Internet TLD.pl
Website
poland.pl

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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