IndexMundi Home
Flag of Peru

Peru

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Terrorism

Environment

Health

Republic of Peru

República del Perú  (Spanish)
Motto: 
"Firme y feliz por la unión"  (Spanish)
"Firm and Happy for the Union"
Anthem: 
"Himno Nacional del Perú"  (Spanish)
"National Anthem of Peru"

National seal
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
Gran Sello del Estado  (Spanish)
Great Seal of the State
PER orthographic.svg
Capital
and largest city
Lima
12°2.6′S77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77.0283°W / -12.0433; -77.0283
Official languageSpanish
Co-official languages[a]
Ethnic groups
Religion 94.51% Christianity
—76.03% Roman Catholic
—18.48% Other Christian
5.09% No religion
0.40% Other religions
Demonym(s)Peruvian
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialrepublic[2][3]
Francisco Sagasti
Vacant
Violeta Bermúdez
Mirtha Vásquez (acting)
LegislatureCongress of the Republic
Independence 
28 July 1821
9 December 1824
• Recognized
14 August 1879
Area
• Total
1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) (19th)
• Water (%)
0.41
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase 32,824,358 [4] (44th)
• 2017 census
31,237,385
• Density
23/km2 (59.6/sq mi) (198th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $385,719 billion[5] (47th)
• Per capita
Decrease $11,516[5] (103rd)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $195,761 billion[5] (49th)
• Per capita
Decrease $5,845[5] (86th)
Gini (2017)Positive decrease 43.3[6]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.763[7]
high · 82nd
CurrencySol (PEN)
Time zoneUTC−5 (PET)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+51
ISO 3166 codePE
Internet TLD.pe

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums