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Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

  • सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepali)
  • Saṅghīya Loktāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepāl
Motto: "Janani Janmabhumishcha Swargadapi Gariyasi" (Sanskrit)
"Mother and motherland are greater than heaven"
Anthem: "Sayaun Thunga Phulka"
"Made of Hundreds of Flowers"
Image of a globe centred on Nepal, with Nepal highlighted.
Area controlled by Nepal shown in dark green;
regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green
Capital
and largest city
Kathmandu[1]
28°10′N84°15′E / 28.167°N 84.250°E / 28.167; 84.250Coordinates: 28°10′N84°15′E / 28.167°N 84.250°E / 28.167; 84.250
Official languagesNepali[2]
Recognised national languagesAll mother-tongues[3][4]
(see Languages of Nepal)
Ethnic groups
Religion
Demonym(s)Nepali, Nepalese
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryrepublic
Bidhya Devi Bhandari[6]
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli[6]
Agni Prasad Sapkota[7]
Cholendra Shumsher JB Rana[8]
LegislatureFederal Parliament
National Assembly
House of Representatives
Formation
• Kingdom
1768[9]
4 March 1816
21 December 1923
28 May 2008
20 September 2015
Area
• Total
147,516 km2 (56,956 sq mi) (93rd)
• Water (%)
2.8
Population
• 2018 estimate
Increase 28,095,714[12][13] (49th)
• 2011 census
26,494,504[14]
• Density
180/km2 (466.2/sq mi) (50th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $94 billion[15] (87th)
• Per capita
Increase $3,318[15] (155th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $30 billion (101st)
• Per capita
Increase $1,048[15] (159th)
Gini (2010)32.8[16]
medium · 115th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.579[17]
medium · 147th
CurrencyNepalese rupee (Rs, रू) (NPR)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (Nepal Standard Time)
DST not observed
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz[18]
Driving sideleft
Calling code+977
ISO 3166 codeNP
Internet TLD.np

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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