IndexMundi Home
Flag of Moldova

Moldova

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Environment

Health

Republic of Moldova

Republica Moldova  (Romanian)
Anthem: "Limba noastră"
(English: "Our language")
Location of Moldova (green) and Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Location of Moldova (green) and
Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Capital
and largest city
Chișinău
47°0′N28°55′E / 47.000°N 28.917°E / 47.000; 28.917
Official languagesRomanian (also known as Moldovan)[1][2][3]
Recognised minority
languages
Inter-ethnic languagesRussian[4][5][6]
Ethnic groups
(2014; excluding Transnistria)
75.1% Moldovan
7.0% Romanian
6.6% Ukrainian
4.6% Gagauz
4.1% Russian
1.9% Bulgarian
0.36% Romani
0.07% Poles
0.89% other
Demonym(s)Moldovan
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutionalsecularrepublic
Igor Dodon
Ion Chicu
Zinaida Greceanîi
LegislatureParliament
Formation
1346
1812
15 December 1917
9 April 1918
12 October 1924
2 August 1940
27 August 1991b
2 March 1992
• Constitution adopted
29 July 1994
Area
• Including Transnistria
33,846 km2 (13,068 sq mi) (135th)
• Water (%)
1.4 (including Transnistria)
• Excluding Transnistria
29,683 km2 (11,461 sq mi)
Population
• 01.01.2020 estimate
Decrease 2,640,438 [7]
(excludes Transnistria) (142nd)
• Density
86.2[8]/km2 (223.3/sq mi) (93th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$27.271 billion
• Per capita
$13,574[9] (95th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$12.037 billion
• Per capita
$4,498[10] (110th)
Gini (2014)Positive decrease 26.8[11]
low
HDI (2018)Increase 0.711[12]
high · 107th
CurrencyLeu (MDL)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+373
ISO 3166 codeMD
Internet TLD.md
  1. As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".[1]
  2. Date of proclamation. Independence subsequently finalized with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums