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Moldova Demographics Profile 2018

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Population3,474,121 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 18.18% (male 325,501/female 305,931)
15-24 years: 12.32% (male 221,582/female 206,458)
25-54 years: 43.4% (male 760,511/female 747,352)
55-64 years: 13.46% (male 214,565/female 252,924)
65 years and over: 12.64% (male 171,347/female 267,950) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 34.5
youth dependency ratio: 21.2
elderly dependency ratio: 13.4
potential support ratio: 7.5 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 36.7 years
male: 34.9 years
female: 38.6 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-1.05% (2017 est.)
Birth rate11.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate12.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-9.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 45.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.36% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationCHISINAU (capital) 725,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth24 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71 years
male: 67.1 years
female: 75.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.57 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate59.5% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.6% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS15,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<500 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 96.9% of population
rural: 81.4% of population
total: 88.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.1% of population
rural: 18.6% of population
total: 11.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 87.8% of population
rural: 67.1% of population
total: 76.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 12.2% of population
rural: 32.9% of population
total: 23.6% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Moldovan(s)
adjective: Moldovan
Ethnic groupsMoldovan 75.1%, Romanian 7%, Ukrainian 6.6%, Gagauz 4.6%, Russian 4.1%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 0.8% (2014 est.)
ReligionsOrthodox 90.1%, other Christian 2.6%, other 0.1%, agnostic <.1%, atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.9% (2014 est.)
LanguagesMoldovan/Romanian 80.2% (official) (56.7% identify their mother tongue as Moldovan, which is virtually the same as Romanian; 23.5% identify Romanian as their mother tongue), Russian 9.7%, Gagauz 4.2% (a Turkish language), Ukrainian 3.9%, Bulgarian 1.5%, Romani 0.3%, other 0.2% (2014 est.)
note: data represent mother tongue
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.1% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2015)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 72,364
percentage: 16% (2009 est.)
Education expenditures7.5% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate23 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2.2% (2012)
Health expenditures10.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.54 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density6.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate18.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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