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Hellenic Republic

Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Ellinikí Dimokratía  (Greek)
Motto: «Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος»
Elefthería í Thánatos
"Freedom or Death"
Anthem: «Ύμνος εις την Ελευθερίαν»
Ýmnos eis tin Eleftherían
"Hymn to Liberty"
Location of Greece (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of Greece (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Athens
37°58′N23°43′E / 37.967°N 23.717°E / 37.967; 23.717
Official language
and national language
Greek
Religion
Eastern Orthodox Church
Demonym(s)Greek
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Katerina Sakellaropoulou
Kyriakos Mitsotakis
Konstantinos Tasoulas
LegislatureHellenic Parliament
Establishment history
25 March 1821 (traditional starting date of the Greek War of Independence), 15 January 1822 (official declaration)
3 February 1830
11 June 1975
Area
• Total
131,957 km2 (50,949 sq mi)[1] (95th)
• Water (%)
1.51 (as of 2015)[2]
Population
• 2019 estimate
Decrease 10,724,599[3] (85th)
• 2011 census
10,816,286[4]
• Density
82[5]/km2 (212.4/sq mi) (125th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Decrease $310.743 billion[6] (55th)
• Per capita
Decrease $29,045[6] (50th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Decrease $194.376 billion[6] (50th)
• Per capita
Decrease $18,168[6] (39th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 31.0[7]
medium · 60th
HDI (2018)Increase 0.872[8]
very high · 32nd
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (Eastern European Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+03:00 (Eastern European Summer Time)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy (AD)
Driving sideright
Calling code+30
ISO 3166 codeGR
Internet TLD.gra
.ελ
  1. The .eu domain is also used, as in other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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