Flag of Greece

Greece Demographics Profile 2019

Home > Factbook > Countries > Greece

Population
10,761,523 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 13.72% (male 760,615 /female 716,054)
15-24 years: 9.68% (male 531,957 /female 509,671)
25-54 years: 42.18% (male 2,259,672 /female 2,279,464)
55-64 years: 13.28% (male 699,205 /female 729,655)
65 years and over: 21.14% (male 997,359 /female 1,277,871) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 52.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 22.2 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 30.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.3 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 44.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 43.8 years
female: 45.9 years
Population growth rate
-0.07% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.3 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
11.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
2.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 79.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.22% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
3.154 million ATHENS (capital), 811,000 Thessaloniki (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29.8 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 80.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 78.2 years
female: 83.6 years
Total fertility rate
1.44 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
14,000 (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2017 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 98.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 1.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 1% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Greek(s)
adjective: Greek
Ethnic groups
Greek 91.6%, Albanian 4.4%, other 4% (2011)

note: data represent citizenship; Greece does not collect data on ethnicity

Religions
Greek Orthodox (official) 81-90%, Muslim 2%, other 3%, none 4-15%, unspecified 1% (2015 est.)
Languages
Greek (official) 99%, other (includes English and French) 1%
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.7%
male: 98.5%
female: 96.9% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2016)
Education expenditures
NA
Maternal mortality rate
3 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
8.4% (2015)
Physicians density
4.59 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
4.3 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
24.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

Demographics Comparison