Gaza Strip Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
1,836,713 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 44.1% (male 415,746 /female 394,195)
15-24 years: 21.34% (male 197,797 /female 194,112)
25-54 years: 28.5% (male 256,103 /female 267,285)
55-64 years: 3.48% (male 33,413 /female 30,592)
65 years and over: 2.58% (male 24,863 /female 22,607) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 75.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 70.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 19.1 (2015 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Median age
total: 17.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 17.1 years
female: 17.8 years
Population growth rate
2.25% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
30.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 76.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.1 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 16 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 17.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 72.7 years
female: 76.2 years
Total fertility rate
3.97 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
57.2% (2014)
note:  includes Gaza Strip and West Bank
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 58.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 41.6% of population (2015 est.)

note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 93% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 90.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 92.3% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 7% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 9.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 7.7% of population (2015 est.)

note: note includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Nationality
noun: NA
adjective: NA
Ethnic groups
Palestinian Arab
Religions
Muslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0% (2012 est.)

note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then

Languages
Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 98.6%
female: 95.2% (2016 est.)

note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years (2017)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Education expenditures
5.3% of GDP (2017)

note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Maternal mortality rate
27 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Children under the age of 5 years underweight
1.4% (2014)

note: estimate is for Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Physicians density
2.2 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2017)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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