Gaza Strip Demographics Profile

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Population
1,918,221 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 42.53% (male 418,751/female 397,013)
15-24 years: 21.67% (male 210,240/female 205,385)
25-54 years: 29.47% (male 275,976/female 289,277)
55-64 years: 3.66% (male 36,409/female 33,731)
65 years and over: 2.68% (male 27,248/female 24,191) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 71.2
youth dependency ratio: 65.7
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5
potential support ratio: 18.2 (2020 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Median age
total: 18 years
male: 17.7 years
female: 18.4 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.13% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
28.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-4.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 76.7% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.13 male(s)/female
total population: 102 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 14.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.9 years
male: 73.1 years
female: 76.7 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.64 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
57.2% (2014)
note:  includes Gaza Strip and West Bank
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 97.1% of population
rural: 97.1% of population
total: 96.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.9% of population
rural: 2.9% of population
total: 3.2% of population (2017 est.)

note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 99.3% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0.7% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2017 est.)

note: note includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Nationality
noun: NA
adjective: NA
Ethnic groups
Palestinian Arab
Religions
Muslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0% (2012 est.)

note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then

Languages
Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.2%
male: 98.7%
female: 95.7% (2018)

note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2013)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Education expenditures
5.3% of GDP (2017)

note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Maternal mortality rate
27 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Children under the age of 5 years underweight
1.4% (2014)

note: estimate is for Gaza Strip and the West Bank

Physicians density
2.77 physicians/1,000 population (2018)
Hospital bed density
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2018)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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