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Gaza Strip vs. Egypt

Demographics

Gaza StripEgypt
Population1,795,183 (July 2017 est.)
97,041,072 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 44.78% (male 412,644/female 391,275)
15-24 years: 21.25% (male 192,292/female 189,166)
25-54 years: 28.02% (male 246,518/female 256,543)
55-64 years: 3.4% (male 31,961/female 29,119)
65 years and over: 2.54% (male 23,729/female 21,936) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 33.29% (male 16,720,307/female 15,583,019)
15-24 years: 18.94% (male 9,464,262/female 8,919,614)
25-54 years: 37.6% (male 18,545,422/female 17,944,582)
55-64 years: 5.95% (male 2,861,136/female 2,911,586)
65 years and over: 4.22% (male 1,993,248/female 2,097,896) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.2 years
male: 16.8 years
female: 17.5 years (2017 est.)
total: 23.9 years
male: 23.6 years
female: 24.2 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.33% (2017 est.)
2.45% (2017 est.)
Birth rate31.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
29.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate3.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
4.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-5.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
-0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 16.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 19 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 20.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.2 years
male: 72.5 years
female: 75.9 years (2017 est.)
total population: 73 years
male: 71.6 years
female: 74.4 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate4.13 children born/woman (2017 est.)
3.47 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
<.1% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: NA
adjective: NA
noun: Egyptian(s)
adjective: Egyptian
Ethnic groupsPalestinian Arab
Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
11,000 (2016 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0% (2012 est.)
note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then
Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 90%, Christian (majority Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
<500 (2016 est.)
LanguagesArabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 98.6%
female: 95.2%
note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank (2016 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.8%
male: 82.2%
female: 65.4% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years
note: data represent Gaza and the West Bank (2015)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)
Education expenditures1.3% of GDP
note: includes West Bank (2015)
3.8% of GDP (2008)
Urbanizationurban population: 75.7% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.75% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank
urban population: 43.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.8% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 58.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 41.6% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 90.2% of population
total: 92.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 9.8% of population
total: 7.7% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 96.8% of population
rural: 93.1% of population
total: 94.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 6.9% of population
total: 5.3% of population (2015 est.)
Maternal mortality rate45 deaths/100,000 live births
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
33 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.4%
note: estimate is for Gaza and the West Bank (2014)
7% (2014)
Physicians density2.1 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
0.81 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)
0.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Contraceptive prevalence rate57.2% (includes Gaza Strip and West Bank) (2014)
58.5% (2014)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 75.8
youth dependency ratio: 70.5
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2
potential support ratio: 19.1
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 61.8
youth dependency ratio: 53.6
elderly dependency ratio: 8.2
potential support ratio: 12.2 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook