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Gaza Strip vs. Israel

Demographics

Gaza StripIsrael
Population1,795,183 (July 2017 est.)
8,299,706 (July 2017 est.) (includes populations of the Golan Heights of Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967)
note: approximately 22,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2016); approximately 201,000 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Age structure0-14 years: 44.78% (male 412,644/female 391,275)
15-24 years: 21.25% (male 192,292/female 189,166)
25-54 years: 28.02% (male 246,518/female 256,543)
55-64 years: 3.4% (male 31,961/female 29,119)
65 years and over: 2.54% (male 23,729/female 21,936) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 27.51% (male 1,168,351/female 1,114,902)
15-24 years: 15.53% (male 658,572/female 630,675)
25-54 years: 37.17% (male 1,577,187/female 1,507,793)
55-64 years: 8.46% (male 344,922/female 357,301)
65 years and over: 11.33% (male 421,660/female 518,343) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.2 years
male: 16.8 years
female: 17.5 years (2017 est.)
total: 29.9 years
male: 29.3 years
female: 30.6 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.33% (2017 est.)
1.51% (2017 est.)
Birth rate31.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
18.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate3.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
5.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-5.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 16.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.2 years
male: 72.5 years
female: 75.9 years (2017 est.)
total population: 82.5 years
male: 80.7 years
female: 84.5 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate4.13 children born/woman (2017 est.)
2.64 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
NA
Nationalitynoun: NA
adjective: NA
noun: Israeli(s)
adjective: Israeli
Ethnic groupsPalestinian Arab
Jewish 74.7% (of which Israel-born 76.3%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 16.2%, Africa-born 4.8%, Asia-born 2.7%), non-Jewish 25.2% (mostly Arab) (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
NA
ReligionsMuslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0% (2012 est.)
note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then
Jewish 74.7%, Muslim 17.7%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 4% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
NA
LanguagesArabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Hebrew (official), Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.9%
male: 98.6%
female: 95.2%
note: estimates are for Gaza and the West Bank (2016 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.7%
female: 96.8% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years
note: data represent Gaza and the West Bank (2015)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Education expenditures1.3% of GDP
note: includes West Bank (2015)
5.9% of GDP (2013)
Urbanizationurban population: 75.7% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.75% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank
urban population: 92.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.5% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 58.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 41.6% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 90.2% of population
total: 92.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 9.8% of population
total: 7.7% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Maternal mortality rate45 deaths/100,000 live births
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Physicians density2.1 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
3.62 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)
3.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 75.8
youth dependency ratio: 70.5
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2
potential support ratio: 19.1
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 64.2
youth dependency ratio: 45.7
elderly dependency ratio: 18.4
potential support ratio: 5.4 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook