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French Republic

la République française (French)[1]
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
EU-France (orthographic projection).svg
EU-France.svg
France in the World (+Antarctica claims).svg
Location of metropolitan France (dark green)

– in Europe (green (Note the overseas department of French Guiana highlighted on the extreme lefthand side of the globe image.) & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green (Note the overseas department of French Guiana highlighted on the extreme lefthand side of the globe image.))

Capital
and largest city
Paris
48°51′N2°21′E / 48.850°N 2.350°E / 48.850; 2.350
Official language
and national language
French[I]
Nationality (2018)
Religion
(2019 [3])
Demonym(s)French
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic
Emmanuel Macron
Jean Castex
Gérard Larcher
Richard Ferrand
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Establishment
• Reign of Clovis I as King of the Franks
500
August 843
22 September 1792
• Founded the EEC[III]
1 January 1958
4 October 1958
Area
• Total
640,679 km2 (247,368 sq mi)[4] (42nd)
• Water (%)
0.86 (as of 2015) [5]
551,695 km2 (213,011 sq mi)[V] (50th)
• Metropolitan France (Cadastre)
543,940.9 km2 (210,016.8 sq mi)[VI][6] (50th)
Population
• June 2020 estimate
Increase 67,081,000 [7] (20th)
• Density
104.1875/km2 (106th)
• Metropolitan France, estimate as of June 2020
Increase 64,910,000 [8] (22nd)
• Density
116/km2 (300.4/sq mi) (89th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase US$2.954 trillion [9] (10th)
• Per capita
Increase US$45,454 [9] (26th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease US$2.551 trillion [9] (7th)
• Per capita
Decrease US$39,257 [9] (20th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 28.5[10]
low
HDI (2018)Increase 0.891[11]
very high · 26th
Currency
Time zoneUTC+1 (Central European Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (Central European Summer Time[X])
Note: various other time zones are observed in overseas France.[IX]
Although France is in Western European Time/UTC (Z) zone, since 25 February 1940, upon WW2 German occupation, Central European Time/UTC+01:00 was enforced as standard time,[1] with a +0:50:39 offset (and +1:50:39 during DST) from Paris LMT (UTC+0:09:21).
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+33[XI]
ISO 3166 codeFR
Internet TLD.fr[XII]
Source gives area of metropolitan France as 551,500 km2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi).

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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