Merchandise imports from low- and middle-income economies within region (% of total merchandise imports) - Country Ranking

Definition: Merchandise imports from low- and middle-income economies within region are the sum of merchandise imports by the reporting economy from other low- and middle-income economies in the same World Bank region according to the World Bank classification of economies. Data are as a percentage of total merchandise imports by the economy. Data are computed only if at least half of the economies in the partner country group had non-missing data. No figures are shown for high-income economies, because they are a separate category in the World Bank classification of economies.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based data from International Monetary Fund's Direction of Trade database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 93.24 2016
2 Bhutan 91.47 2016
3 Lao PDR 90.96 2016
4 Lesotho 85.10 2016
5 Zimbabwe 78.69 2016
6 Botswana 77.35 2016
7 Swaziland 74.59 2016
8 Nepal 70.75 2016
9 Namibia 69.42 2016
10 Cambodia 66.63 2016
11 Tajikistan 64.09 2016
12 Belarus 63.34 2016
13 Timor-Leste 59.13 2016
14 Zambia 58.03 2016
15 Myanmar 56.85 2016
16 Solomon Islands 50.52 2016
17 Georgia 50.48 2016
18 Moldova 48.07 2016
19 Kazakhstan 47.84 2016
20 Kyrgyz Republic 46.91 2016
21 Turkmenistan 46.27 2016
22 Armenia 44.49 2016
23 Dem. Rep. Congo 44.35 2016
24 Nicaragua 43.51 2016
25 Kiribati 42.94 2016
26 Azerbaijan 41.92 2016
27 Paraguay 41.83 2016
28 Bolivia 41.29 2016
29 Montenegro 40.33 2016
30 Uzbekistan 40.29 2016
31 Mali 39.05 2016
32 Mozambique 38.85 2016
33 Indonesia 37.57 2016
34 Malawi 37.00 2016
35 Thailand 37.00 2016
36 El Salvador 36.51 2016
37 Philippines 36.17 2016
38 Vietnam 35.34 2016
39 Mongolia 34.89 2016
40 Honduras 34.10 2016
41 Bosnia and Herzegovina 33.62 2016
42 Papua New Guinea 32.76 2016
43 Malaysia 32.72 2016
44 Argentina 32.48 2016
45 Samoa 32.10 2016
46 Guatemala 31.29 2016
47 Rwanda 30.81 2016
48 Ecuador 29.23 2016
49 Venezuela 28.23 2016
50 Belize 28.22 2016
51 Burundi 27.71 2016
52 Bulgaria 27.54 2016
53 Macedonia 27.18 2016
54 Ukraine 26.63 2016
55 Tonga 25.68 2016
56 Serbia 24.45 2016
57 Burkina Faso 24.21 2016
58 Chad 23.76 2016
59 Cameroon 23.00 2016
60 Fiji 22.65 2016
61 Vanuatu 22.65 2016
62 The Gambia 22.35 2016
63 Sri Lanka 22.07 2016
64 Peru 21.49 2016
65 Afghanistan 20.69 2016
66 Somalia 20.46 2016
67 Albania 20.28 2016
68 Costa Rica 20.27 2016
69 Panama 19.58 2016
70 Colombia 19.37 2016
71 Cuba 19.35 2016
72 Guinea-Bissau 19.07 2016
73 Côte d'Ivoire 18.91 2016
74 Jamaica 18.42 2016
75 São Tomé and Principe 18.26 2016
76 Dominican Republic 18.00 2016
77 Haiti 16.61 2016
78 Uganda 16.24 2016
79 Niger 15.97 2016
80 Benin 15.50 2016
81 Suriname 15.10 2016
82 Bangladesh 14.87 2016
83 Guyana 14.57 2016
84 Romania 14.44 2016
85 Dominica 14.38 2016
86 Nauru 14.31 2016
87 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 13.63 2016
88 Russia 13.62 2016
89 Senegal 13.60 2016
90 Brazil 13.20 2016
91 Turkey 13.15 2016
92 Grenada 12.97 2016
93 Central African Republic 12.49 2016
94 Croatia 12.24 2016
95 Togo 12.16 2016
96 Sierra Leone 11.89 2016
97 Tanzania 11.78 2016
98 Comoros 11.44 2016
99 China 11.21 2016
100 Mauritius 11.05 2016
101 Congo 10.63 2016
102 South Africa 10.04 2016
103 St. Lucia 9.41 2016
104 Kenya 8.95 2016
105 Madagascar 8.92 2016
106 Guinea 8.82 2016
107 Equatorial Guinea 8.35 2016
108 Angola 8.22 2016
109 Syrian Arab Republic 8.20 2016
110 Gabon 8.05 2016
111 Tuvalu 7.73 2016
112 Djibouti 7.37 2016
113 Libya 7.28 2016
114 Lebanon 7.04 2016
115 Ghana 6.64 2016
116 Eritrea 5.98 2016
117 Tunisia 5.77 2016
118 Jordan 5.08 2016
119 Pakistan 4.57 2016
120 Nigeria 4.50 2016
121 Yemen 4.17 2016
122 Sudan 3.46 2016
123 Morocco 3.10 2016
124 Algeria 3.04 2016
125 Egypt 2.67 2016
126 Mexico 2.62 2016
127 Iraq 2.36 2016
128 Cabo Verde 2.21 2016
129 Mauritania 2.05 2016
130 Ethiopia 1.30 2016
131 Liberia 0.89 2016
132 India 0.76 2016
133 Iran 0.31 2016

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Development Relevance: The relative importance of intraregional trade is higher for both landlocked countries and small countries with close trade links to the largest regional economy. For most low- and middle-income economies - especially smaller ones - there is a "geographic bias" favoring intraregional trade. Despite the broad trend toward globalization and the reduction of trade barriers, the relative share of intraregional trade increased for most economies between 1999 and 2010. This is due partly to trade-related advantages, such as proximity, lower transport costs, increased knowledge from repeated interaction, and cultural and historical affinity. The direction of trade is also influenced by preferential trade agreements that a country has made with other economies. Though formal agreements on trade liberalization do not automatically increase trade, they nevertheless affect the direction of trade between the participating economies.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on exports and imports are from the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Direction of Trade database and should be broadly consistent with data from other sources, such as the United Nations Statistics Division's Commodity Trade (Comtrade) database. All high-income economies and major low- and middle-income economies report trade data to the IMF on a timely basis, covering about 85 percent of trade for recent years. Trade data for less timely reporters and for countries that do not report are estimated using reports of trading partner countries. Therefore, data on trade between developing and high-income economies should be generally complete. But trade flows between many low- and middle-income economies - particularly those in Sub-Saharan Africa - are not well recorded, and the value of trade among low- and middle-income economies may be understated.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual