Children in employment, wage workers, male (% of male children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Wage workers (also known as employees) are people who hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that provide basic remuneration that does not depend directly on the revenue of the unit for which they work.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Egypt 56.57 2009
2 Bangladesh 50.36 2013
3 Jordan 49.38 2007
4 India 46.87 2012
5 Uruguay 42.83 2009
6 Rwanda 37.38 2011
7 Mexico 37.14 2013
8 Trinidad and Tobago 36.51 2006
9 Turkey 33.87 2006
10 Venezuela 32.16 2013
11 Zimbabwe 27.08 1999
12 Paraguay 26.16 2014
13 Brazil 25.78 2014
14 Syrian Arab Republic 25.68 2006
15 Dominican Republic 24.17 2012
16 Tajikistan 23.13 2005
17 Philippines 22.46 2011
18 Costa Rica 21.60 2011
19 Guatemala 21.48 2015
20 Pakistan 21.02 2011
21 Ukraine 20.58 2012
22 Honduras 20.55 2014
23 Sudan 20.05 2008
24 Afghanistan 19.37 2011
25 Macedonia 19.15 2011
26 Cambodia 18.78 2012
27 Swaziland 18.52 2010
28 Nigeria 18.12 2011
29 Colombia 17.98 2014
30 El Salvador 17.45 2013
31 Jamaica 17.09 2011
32 Iraq 15.91 2011
33 Indonesia 15.56 2010
34 Algeria 15.35 2013
35 Panama 14.80 2014
36 Mauritania 13.07 2011
37 Tunisia 12.61 2012
38 Argentina 12.53 2012
39 Gabon 12.49 2012
40 Thailand 12.22 2006
41 Yemen 12.14 2010
42 Madagascar 10.82 2007
43 Belarus 10.59 2012
44 Nicaragua 10.48 2012
45 Congo 10.17 2012
46 Ecuador 9.43 2015
47 Dem. Rep. Congo 8.90 2010
48 Chad 8.85 2010
49 Niger 8.31 2012
50 South Africa 7.86 1999
51 Vietnam 7.75 2012
52 Serbia 7.70 2005
53 Bolivia 7.62 2013
54 Angola 7.60 2001
55 Burundi 7.46 2010
56 Peru 6.75 2007
57 Central African Republic 6.45 2010
58 Côte d'Ivoire 6.29 2012
59 Malawi 6.10 2006
60 Sri Lanka 5.77 2009
61 Namibia 5.60 1999
62 Azerbaijan 5.30 2005
63 Benin 5.14 2012
64 Guinea-Bissau 4.75 2006
64 Mozambique 4.75 2008
66 Lesotho 4.66 2000
67 Zambia 4.51 2008
68 Uganda 4.29 2012
69 Kazakhstan 4.03 2006
70 Georgia 3.85 2006
71 Haiti 3.72 2012
72 Ethiopia 3.25 2011
73 Lao PDR 3.22 2010
74 Albania 3.20 2010
75 Uzbekistan 3.19 2006
76 Cameroon 2.98 2011
77 Guinea 2.94 2012
78 Mali 2.74 2013
79 Nepal 2.54 2008
80 Moldova 2.14 2009
81 Togo 1.89 2010
82 Tanzania 1.88 2014
83 Burkina Faso 1.22 2010
84 Liberia 1.21 2010
85 Senegal 1.17 2011
86 Sierra Leone 1.09 2013
87 Somalia 0.80 2006
88 Kyrgyz Republic 0.61 2014
89 Ghana 0.60 2012
90 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.24 2006
91 Mongolia 0.16 2007

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual