Children in employment, wage workers, female (% of female children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Wage workers (also known as employees) are people who hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that provide basic remuneration that does not depend directly on the revenue of the unit for which they work.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Egypt 72.09 2009
2 Trinidad and Tobago 53.56 2006
3 Bangladesh 43.81 2013
4 Uruguay 36.73 2009
5 Mexico 34.80 2013
6 Turkey 34.57 2006
7 Dominican Republic 32.73 2012
8 India 32.63 2012
9 Brazil 31.52 2014
10 Zimbabwe 30.00 1999
11 Guatemala 29.59 2015
12 Tajikistan 25.24 2005
13 Paraguay 25.17 2014
14 Rwanda 25.04 2011
15 Jordan 23.31 2007
16 Macedonia 21.87 2011
17 Cambodia 20.44 2012
18 Philippines 17.20 2011
19 Belarus 17.13 2012
20 Jamaica 16.64 2011
21 Honduras 16.11 2014
22 Indonesia 15.66 2010
23 Tunisia 15.54 2012
24 Thailand 15.04 2006
25 Nigeria 13.57 2011
26 Sudan 13.53 2008
27 Argentina 13.34 2012
28 Algeria 13.00 2013
29 Mauritania 12.98 2011
30 Swaziland 12.92 2010
31 Syrian Arab Republic 12.48 2006
32 Afghanistan 11.77 2011
33 Venezuela 11.29 2013
34 El Salvador 10.63 2013
35 Madagascar 8.96 2007
36 Nicaragua 7.99 2012
37 Malawi 7.38 2006
38 Pakistan 7.31 2011
39 Vietnam 7.26 2012
40 South Africa 6.89 1999
41 Niger 6.67 2012
42 Costa Rica 6.60 2011
43 Chad 6.55 2010
44 Colombia 6.36 2014
45 Dem. Rep. Congo 6.20 2010
46 Panama 6.08 2014
47 Iraq 6.04 2011
48 Ukraine 5.64 2012
49 Peru 5.09 2007
50 Bolivia 5.06 2013
51 Burundi 5.04 2010
52 Angola 4.80 2001
53 Georgia 4.79 2006
54 Gabon 4.66 2012
55 Côte d'Ivoire 4.65 2012
56 Uzbekistan 4.47 2006
57 Benin 4.42 2012
58 Congo 3.97 2012
59 Lao PDR 3.83 2010
59 Kazakhstan 3.83 2006
61 Haiti 3.42 2012
62 Ethiopia 3.32 2011
63 Zambia 3.29 2008
64 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.26 2006
65 Namibia 3.20 1999
66 Ecuador 3.03 2015
67 Guinea-Bissau 3.00 2006
68 Mali 2.95 2013
69 Mozambique 2.68 2008
70 Togo 2.63 2010
71 Somalia 2.44 2006
72 Sri Lanka 2.38 2009
73 Serbia 2.31 2005
74 Lesotho 2.25 2000
75 Central African Republic 2.22 2010
76 Senegal 1.90 2011
77 Guinea 1.88 2012
78 Cameroon 1.86 2011
79 Uganda 1.72 2012
80 Nepal 1.69 2008
81 Azerbaijan 1.60 2005
82 Burkina Faso 1.48 2010
83 Tanzania 1.32 2014
84 Yemen 1.30 2010
85 Moldova 0.86 2009
86 Liberia 0.40 2010
87 Sierra Leone 0.39 2013
88 Ghana 0.30 2012
89 Kyrgyz Republic 0.18 2014
90 Mongolia 0.14 2007
91 Albania 0.00 2010

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual