Children in employment, wage workers, female (% of female children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Wage workers (also known as employees) are people who hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that provide basic remuneration that does not depend directly on the revenue of the unit for which they work.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Egypt 72.09 2009
2 Trinidad and Tobago 53.56 2006
3 Costa Rica 45.40 2016
4 Bangladesh 43.81 2013
5 Uruguay 36.73 2009
6 Mexico 34.80 2013
7 Turkey 34.57 2006
8 Dominican Republic 32.73 2012
9 India 32.63 2012
10 Zimbabwe 30.00 1999
11 Guatemala 29.59 2015
12 Brazil 28.80 2015
13 Tajikistan 25.24 2005
14 Paraguay 25.17 2014
15 Rwanda 25.04 2011
16 North Macedonia 21.87 2011
17 Cambodia 20.44 2012
18 Philippines 17.20 2011
19 Belarus 17.13 2012
20 Jamaica 16.64 2011
21 Honduras 16.11 2014
22 Indonesia 15.66 2010
23 Tunisia 15.54 2012
24 Thailand 15.04 2006
25 Nigeria 13.57 2011
26 Sudan 13.53 2008
27 Argentina 13.34 2012
28 Colombia 13.30 2015
29 Algeria 13.00 2013
30 Mauritania 12.98 2011
31 Eswatini 12.92 2010
32 Syrian Arab Republic 12.48 2006
33 Afghanistan 11.77 2011
34 Venezuela 11.29 2013
35 El Salvador 10.63 2013
36 Madagascar 8.96 2007
37 Nicaragua 7.99 2012
38 Pakistan 7.31 2011
39 Vietnam 7.26 2012
40 South Africa 6.89 1999
41 Niger 6.67 2012
42 Chad 6.55 2010
43 Dem. Rep. Congo 6.20 2010
44 Panama 6.08 2014
45 Bolivia 6.04 2015
45 Iraq 6.04 2011
47 Ukraine 5.64 2012
48 Peru 5.09 2007
49 Burundi 5.04 2010
50 Angola 4.80 2001
51 Georgia 4.79 2006
52 Gabon 4.66 2012
53 Côte d'Ivoire 4.65 2012
54 Uzbekistan 4.47 2006
55 Benin 4.42 2012
56 Congo 3.97 2012
57 Lao PDR 3.83 2010
57 Kazakhstan 3.83 2006
59 Malawi 3.64 2015
60 Haiti 3.42 2012
61 Ethiopia 3.32 2011
62 Zambia 3.29 2008
63 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.26 2006
64 Namibia 3.20 1999
65 Ecuador 3.03 2015
66 Guinea-Bissau 3.00 2006
67 Mali 2.95 2013
68 Mozambique 2.68 2008
69 Togo 2.63 2010
70 Somalia 2.44 2006
71 Sri Lanka 2.38 2009
72 Serbia 2.31 2005
73 Lesotho 2.25 2000
74 Central African Republic 2.22 2010
75 Senegal 1.90 2011
76 Guinea 1.88 2012
77 Cameroon 1.86 2011
78 Uganda 1.72 2012
79 Nepal 1.69 2008
80 Azerbaijan 1.60 2005
81 Burkina Faso 1.48 2010
82 Jordan 1.43 2016
83 Tanzania 1.32 2014
84 Yemen 1.30 2010
85 Moldova 0.86 2009
86 Liberia 0.40 2010
87 Sierra Leone 0.39 2013
88 Ghana 0.30 2012
89 The Gambia 0.22 2015
90 Kyrgyz Republic 0.18 2014
91 Mongolia 0.14 2007
92 Albania 0.00 2010

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. In addition, the shares of three categories (self-employed workers, wage workers, and unpaid family workers) may not add up to 100 percent because of a residual category not included.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual