Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 South Africa 49.18 2018
2 North Macedonia 46.58 2018
3 Lesotho 44.30 2008
4 Eswatini 44.21 2016
5 St. Lucia 42.56 2016
6 Congo 40.98 2005
7 Libya 40.82 2012
8 Namibia 37.47 2018
9 New Caledonia 37.10 2014
10 Greece 36.43 2018
11 Spain 35.25 2018
12 Albania 34.15 2017
13 Tunisia 33.95 2015
14 Montenegro 33.26 2018
15 Malawi 33.11 2017
16 Algeria 33.07 2017
17 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 32.73 1991
18 Armenia 31.83 2013
19 Bosnia and Herzegovina 31.27 2019
20 Gabon 30.55 2010
21 Italy 30.40 2018
22 Botswana 29.59 2010
23 Brunei 28.43 2017
24 Serbia 28.31 2018
25 Barbados 27.85 2016
26 Sudan 27.39 2011
27 Puerto Rico 27.37 2008
28 Georgia 26.71 2018
29 Dominica 26.01 2001
30 Monaco 25.69 2016
31 Egypt 25.67 2017
32 Grenada 25.38 1998
33 Brazil 25.28 2018
34 Cyprus 24.99 2018
35 Cabo Verde 24.62 2018
36 Samoa 24.56 2017
37 Iran 24.28 2018
38 Zambia 23.64 2017
39 Yemen 23.52 2014
40 Uruguay 22.41 2018
41 Lebanon 22.29 2007
42 Kiribati 22.20 2015
43 India 22.17 2018
44 Morocco 22.05 2016
45 Iraq 21.99 2017
46 San Marino 21.44 2016
47 France 21.42 2018
48 Nauru 20.91 2013
49 Argentina 20.85 2018
50 The Bahamas 20.83 2016
51 Lao PDR 20.81 2017
52 Mauritius 20.56 2018
53 Jamaica 20.04 2018
54 Comoros 20.02 2014
55 Saudi Arabia 19.93 2018
56 Portugal 19.82 2018
57 Nepal 19.71 2017
58 Croatia 19.60 2018
59 Rwanda 18.83 2018
60 Antigua and Barbuda 18.30 2001
61 Costa Rica 18.02 2011
62 Sweden 18.01 2018
63 Angola 17.69 2010
64 Nigeria 17.63 2016
65 Turkey 17.55 2018
66 Guyana 17.31 2017
67 Finland 17.28 2018
68 Ukraine 16.94 2018
69 Sri Lanka 16.77 2016
70 Tajikistan 16.76 2009
71 Chile 16.70 2018
72 Indonesia 16.49 2018
73 Syrian Arab Republic 16.45 2010
74 Cayman Islands 16.38 2015
75 Romania 16.29 2018
76 Afghanistan 16.29 2017
77 Luxembourg 16.26 2018
78 Russia 16.24 2018
79 Belgium 16.18 2018
80 Mongolia 15.82 2018
81 Mali 15.25 2018
82 Ireland 14.79 2018
83 Sierra Leone 14.77 2014
84 Colombia 14.44 2018
85 Peru 14.27 2018
86 Slovak Republic 14.25 2018
87 Mauritania 14.11 2012
88 Haiti 13.39 2012
89 Bulgaria 13.20 2018
90 Australia 12.83 2018
91 Uganda 12.74 2017
92 Belarus 12.67 2018
93 Seychelles 12.63 2018
94 Canada 12.51 2018
95 Latvia 12.49 2018
96 Estonia 12.26 2018
97 New Zealand 12.25 2018
98 United Kingdom 12.23 2018
99 St. Kitts and Nevis 12.08 2001
100 Venezuela 12.07 2012
101 Lithuania 11.99 2018
102 Fiji 11.86 2016
103 Paraguay 11.83 2018
104 Zimbabwe 11.62 2014
105 Poland 11.49 2018
106 Azerbaijan 11.39 2015
107 Dem. Rep. Congo 11.30 2012
108 Malta 11.17 2018
109 Timor-Leste 10.91 2016
110 Bangladesh 10.78 2017
111 Norway 10.71 2018
112 Korea 10.56 2018
113 Denmark 10.51 2018
114 Oman 10.32 2016
115 Kyrgyz Republic 10.13 2018
116 Dominican Republic 9.90 2017
117 Tuvalu 9.83 2016
118 Malaysia 9.83 2016
119 Hungary 9.81 2018
120 Belize 9.53 2017
121 United States 9.52 2018
122 Austria 9.41 2018
123 Ghana 9.40 2017
124 Kuwait 9.39 2016
125 Hong Kong SAR, China 9.25 2017
126 The Gambia 9.12 2012
127 Suriname 8.97 2015
128 Trinidad and Tobago 8.93 2016
129 Palau 8.84 2000
130 Vanuatu 8.63 2009
131 El Salvador 8.41 2018
132 Switzerland 8.41 2018
133 Slovenia 8.27 2018
134 Bhutan 8.23 2015
135 Pakistan 8.16 2018
136 Mozambique 7.71 2015
137 Netherlands 7.69 2018
138 Honduras 7.67 2018
139 Moldova 7.53 2018
140 Panama 7.41 2018
141 Senegal 7.36 2015
142 Kenya 7.29 2016
143 Germany 7.10 2018
144 Israel 6.95 2018
145 Guinea 6.94 2002
146 Bolivia 6.78 2018
147 Macao SAR, China 6.65 2017
148 Iceland 6.49 2018
149 Mexico 6.46 2018
150 Ecuador 6.41 2018
151 Cuba 6.41 2010
152 Czech Republic 6.39 2018
153 Nicaragua 6.37 2014
154 Singapore 6.23 2016
155 Vietnam 6.05 2018
156 Cameroon 5.81 2014
157 Philippines 5.76 2018
158 Burkina Faso 5.28 2014
159 Benin 5.21 2011
160 United Arab Emirates 4.99 2018
161 Côte d'Ivoire 4.67 2017
162 Burundi 4.41 2014
163 Papua New Guinea 4.30 2010
164 Japan 4.10 2018
165 Guatemala 3.72 2017
166 Togo 3.67 2015
167 Kazakhstan 3.62 2017
168 Tanzania 3.14 2014
169 Ethiopia 2.65 2013
170 Bahrain 2.61 2012
171 Liberia 2.40 2016
172 Thailand 2.03 2013
173 Myanmar 1.80 2018
174 Solomon Islands 1.05 2013
175 Cambodia 1.03 2016
176 Madagascar 0.97 2012
177 Niger 0.91 2014
178 Qatar 0.20 2018

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Development Relevance: Paradoxically, low unemployment rates can disguise substantial poverty in a country, while high unemployment rates can occur in countries with a high level of economic development and low rates of poverty. In countries without unemployment or welfare benefits people eke out a living in vulnerable employment. In countries with well-developed safety nets workers can afford to wait for suitable or desirable jobs. But high and sustained unemployment indicates serious inefficiencies in resource allocation. Youth unemployment is an important policy issue for many economies. Young men and women today face increasing uncertainty in their hopes of undergoing a satisfactory transition in the labour market, and this uncertainty and disillusionment can, in turn, have damaging effects on individuals, communities, economies and society at large. Unemployed or underemployed youth are less able to contribute effectively to national development and have fewer opportunities to exercise their rights as citizens. They have less to spend as consumers, less to invest as savers and often have no "voice" to bring about change in their lives and communities. Widespread youth unemployment and underemployment also prevents companies and countries from innovating and developing competitive advantages based on human capital investment, thus undermining future prospects. Unemployment is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all. [SDG Indicator 8.5.2]

Limitations and Exceptions: The criteria for people considered to be seeking work, and the treatment of people temporarily laid off or seeking work for the first time, vary across countries. In many cases it is especially difficult to measure employment and unemployment in agriculture. The timing of a survey can maximize the effects of seasonal unemployment in agriculture. And informal sector employment is difficult to quantify where informal activities are not tracked. There may be also persons not currently in the labour market who want to work but do not actively "seek" work because they view job opportunities as limited, or because they have restricted labour mobility, or face discrimination, or structural, social or cultural barriers. The exclusion of people who want to work but are not seeking work (often called the "hidden unemployed" or "discouraged workers") is a criterion that will affect the unemployment count of both women and men. However, women tend to be excluded from the count for various reasons. Women suffer more from discrimination and from structural, social, and cultural barriers that impede them from seeking work. Also, women are often responsible for the care of children and the elderly and for household affairs. They may not be available for work during the short reference period, as they need to make arrangements before starting work. Further, women are considered to be employed when they are working part-time or in temporary jobs, despite the instability of these jobs or their active search for more secure employment.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The standard definition of unemployed persons is those individuals without work, seeking work in a recent past period, and currently available for work, including people who have lost their jobs or who have voluntarily left work. Persons who did not look for work but have an arrangements for a future job are also counted as unemployed. Some unemployment is unavoidable. At any time some workers are temporarily unemployed between jobs as employers look for the right workers and workers search for better jobs. It is the labour force or the economically active portion of the population that serves as the base for this indicator, not the total population.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.