Unemployment, youth male (% of male labor force ages 15-24) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 South Africa 48.60 2016
2 Macedonia 47.90 2016
3 Kiribati 47.60 2010
4 Lesotho 44.30 2008
4 Greece 44.30 2016
6 Swaziland 44.20 1995
7 Spain 44.00 2016
8 St. Lucia 42.60 2016
9 Haiti 42.00 2003
10 Congo 41.00 2005
11 Cabo Verde 40.80 1990
11 Libya 40.80 2012
13 Albania 39.20 2015
14 Bosnia and Herzegovina 38.00 2016
15 Namibia 37.70 2016
16 Jordan 37.30 2004
17 New Caledonia 37.10 2014
18 Montenegro 36.80 2016
19 Italy 36.50 2016
20 Tunisia 35.70 2012
21 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 32.70 1991
22 Serbia 32.20 2016
23 Tonga 32.00 1996
24 Nauru 31.60 2002
25 Croatia 31.20 2016
25 Georgia 31.20 2016
27 Gabon 30.60 2010
28 Mali 29.60 2016
28 Botswana 29.60 2010
28 The Bahamas 29.60 2012
31 Armenia 28.00 2015
32 Barbados 27.80 2016
33 Puerto Rico 27.40 2008
34 Egypt 27.20 2016
34 Portugal 27.20 2016
36 Jamaica 27.00 2016
37 Cyprus 26.00 2016
37 Dominica 26.00 2001
39 Monaco 25.70 2016
40 Iran 25.40 2016
40 Grenada 25.40 1998
42 Timor-Leste 25.10 2013
42 France 25.10 2016
44 Brazil 23.90 2016
45 Yemen 23.50 2014
45 Brunei 23.50 2014
47 Ukraine 22.70 2015
48 Lebanon 22.30 2007
49 Algeria 22.10 2014
50 Finland 21.80 2016
50 Belgium 21.80 2016
52 Latvia 21.40 2016
52 San Marino 21.40 2016
54 Morocco 20.80 2014
55 Guyana 20.60 2002
56 Sweden 20.50 2016
57 Uruguay 20.20 2016
58 Mongolia 20.00 2016
59 Romania 19.90 2016
60 Slovak Republic 19.80 2016
61 Luxembourg 19.70 2016
62 Ireland 19.50 2016
63 Costa Rica 18.50 2016
64 Antigua and Barbuda 18.30 2001
64 Mauritius 18.30 2016
66 Poland 17.40 2016
66 Saudi Arabia 17.40 2016
66 Bulgaria 17.40 2016
69 Turkey 17.20 2016
70 Ethiopia 17.10 2016
70 Sri Lanka 17.10 2016
72 Angola 16.80 2011
73 Argentina 16.70 2014
74 Syrian Arab Republic 16.40 2010
74 Cayman Islands 16.40 2015
76 Kenya 15.90 1999
76 Lithuania 15.90 2016
78 Estonia 15.80 2016
79 Samoa 15.60 2014
79 Slovenia 15.60 2016
81 Russia 15.40 2015
82 Indonesia 15.30 2016
83 United Kingdom 14.80 2016
83 Canada 14.80 2016
83 Sierra Leone 14.80 2014
86 Chile 14.70 2016
87 Zambia 14.60 2012
88 Peru 14.40 2016
89 Fiji 13.90 2014
90 Australia 13.80 2016
91 Colombia 13.60 2016
92 Venezuela 13.20 2012
93 Denmark 13.10 2016
93 New Zealand 13.10 2016
95 Norway 13.00 2016
96 Hungary 12.90 2016
97 Kyrgyz Republic 12.70 2016
98 Seychelles 12.10 2015
98 St. Kitts and Nevis 12.10 2001
98 Austria 12.10 2016
101 Kuwait 11.80 2005
102 Zimbabwe 11.70 2014
103 United States 11.40 2016
103 Comoros 11.40 2004
103 Netherlands 11.40 2016
103 Azerbaijan 11.40 2015
107 Malta 11.20 2016
108 Korea 11.00 2016
108 Belize 11.00 2016
110 Moldova 10.90 2016
110 Hong Kong SAR, China 10.90 2016
112 Vanuatu 10.20 2009
113 Bangladesh 10.10 2016
114 Czech Republic 9.90 2016
115 Malaysia 9.80 2016
116 El Salvador 9.60 2016
117 India 9.50 2012
118 The Gambia 9.10 2012
119 Cameroon 9.00 2014
119 Paraguay 9.00 2016
119 Suriname 9.00 2015
119 Panama 9.00 2016
123 Dominican Republic 8.90 2015
123 Nigeria 8.90 2013
125 Palau 8.80 2000
125 Switzerland 8.80 2016
127 Israel 8.20 2016
127 Bhutan 8.20 2015
129 Ecuador 8.00 2016
130 United Arab Emirates 7.90 2008
131 Germany 7.80 2016
132 Malawi 7.40 2013
132 Vietnam 7.40 2016
132 Trinidad and Tobago 7.40 2015
135 Mexico 7.20 2016
136 Mozambique 7.10 2015
137 Guinea 6.90 2002
138 Philippines 6.80 2016
139 Iceland 6.70 2016
140 Macao SAR, China 6.50 2016
141 Nicaragua 6.40 2014
141 Cuba 6.40 2010
143 São Tomé and Principe 6.20 1991
143 Singapore 6.20 2016
145 Honduras 6.10 2016
146 Bolivia 5.80 2015
147 Japan 5.70 2016
148 Pakistan 5.60 2015
149 Burkina Faso 5.30 2014
150 Benin 5.20 2011
150 Senegal 5.20 2015
152 Guatemala 4.60 2016
153 Burundi 4.40 2014
154 Papua New Guinea 4.30 2010
155 Ghana 4.20 2013
156 Kazakhstan 3.60 2013
157 Togo 3.40 2011
158 Tanzania 3.10 2014
159 Nepal 2.90 2008
160 Côte d'Ivoire 2.80 2016
161 Bahrain 2.60 2012
161 Thailand 2.60 2015
163 Liberia 2.50 2010
164 Uganda 2.00 2013
165 Lao PDR 1.90 2010
166 Cambodia 1.80 2012
167 Rwanda 1.40 2014
167 Myanmar 1.40 2015
169 Madagascar 1.00 2012
170 Niger 0.80 2011
171 Qatar 0.20 2016

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Development Relevance: Paradoxically, low unemployment rates can disguise substantial poverty in a country, while high unemployment rates can occur in countries with a high level of economic development and low rates of poverty. In countries without unemployment or welfare benefits people eke out a living in vulnerable employment. In countries with well-developed safety nets workers can afford to wait for suitable or desirable jobs. But high and sustained unemployment indicates serious inefficiencies in resource allocation. Youth unemployment is an important policy issue for many economies. Young men and women today face increasing uncertainty in their hopes of undergoing a satisfactory transition in the labour market, and this uncertainty and disillusionment can, in turn, have damaging effects on individuals, communities, economies and society at large. Unemployed or underemployed youth are less able to contribute effectively to national development and have fewer opportunities to exercise their rights as citizens. They have less to spend as consumers, less to invest as savers and often have no "voice" to bring about change in their lives and communities. Widespread youth unemployment and underemployment also prevents companies and countries from innovating and developing competitive advantages based on human capital investment, thus undermining future prospects. Unemployment is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all. [SDG Indicator 8.5.2]

Limitations and Exceptions: The criteria for people considered to be seeking work, and the treatment of people temporarily laid off or seeking work for the first time, vary across countries. In many cases it is especially difficult to measure employment and unemployment in agriculture. The timing of a survey can maximize the effects of seasonal unemployment in agriculture. And informal sector employment is difficult to quantify where informal activities are not tracked. There may be also persons not currently in the labour market who want to work but do not actively "seek" work because they view job opportunities as limited, or because they have restricted labour mobility, or face discrimination, or structural, social or cultural barriers. The exclusion of people who want to work but are not seeking work (often called the "hidden unemployed" or "discouraged workers") is a criterion that will affect the unemployment count of both women and men. However, women tend to be excluded from the count for various reasons. Women suffer more from discrimination and from structural, social, and cultural barriers that impede them from seeking work. Also, women are often responsible for the care of children and the elderly and for household affairs. They may not be available for work during the short reference period, as they need to make arrangements before starting work. Further, women are considered to be employed when they are working part-time or in temporary jobs, despite the instability of these jobs or their active search for more secure employment.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The standard definition of unemployed persons is those individuals without work, seeking work in a recent past period, and currently available for work, including people who have lost their jobs or who have voluntarily left work. Persons who did not look for work but have an arrangements for a future job are also counted as unemployed. Some unemployment is unavoidable. At any time some workers are temporarily unemployed between jobs as employers look for the right workers and workers search for better jobs. It is the labour force or the economically active portion of the population that serves as the base for this indicator, not the total population.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.