Average working hours of children, study and work, male, ages 7-14 (hours per week) - Country Ranking

Definition: Average working hours of children studying and working refer to the average weekly working hours of those children who are attending school in combination with economic activity.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Lao PDR 34.00 2010
2 Kenya 32.90 2009
3 Bangladesh 32.37 2013
4 Paraguay 29.36 2014
5 Jordan 28.00 2007
6 Pakistan 25.70 2011
7 Somalia 25.60 2006
8 Namibia 24.40 1999
9 Liberia 22.30 2010
10 Senegal 21.12 2015
11 Mauritania 20.98 2011
12 Timor-Leste 20.80 2007
13 Ethiopia 20.50 2011
14 El Salvador 20.43 2013
15 Bolivia 19.06 2013
16 Burkina Faso 18.80 2010
17 Guatemala 18.78 2015
18 Venezuela 18.64 2013
19 Egypt 18.60 2009
20 Cambodia 17.80 2012
21 Guinea 17.70 2012
22 Yemen 17.40 2010
23 Madagascar 17.20 2007
24 Central African Republic 16.80 2010
25 Brazil 16.61 2014
26 Mali 15.70 2013
26 Turkey 15.70 2006
28 Nicaragua 15.41 2012
29 Colombia 15.26 2014
30 Mongolia 14.95 2013
31 Tanzania 14.60 2014
32 Ghana 14.50 2006
33 Azerbaijan 14.40 2005
34 Albania 14.20 2010
35 Afghanistan 14.10 2011
36 Mexico 13.91 2013
37 Indonesia 13.90 2010
38 Honduras 13.61 2014
39 The Gambia 13.30 2008
40 Tajikistan 13.10 2005
40 Mozambique 13.10 2008
42 Syrian Arab Republic 12.70 2006
43 Kyrgyz Republic 12.62 2014
44 Angola 12.50 2001
44 Burundi 12.50 2010
44 Cameroon 12.50 2011
47 Rwanda 12.30 2014
48 Vietnam 11.80 2012
49 Iraq 11.20 2011
50 Peru 11.16 2015
51 Ecuador 11.02 2015
52 Benin 11.00 2012
53 Uganda 10.70 2012
54 Côte d'Ivoire 10.60 2012
55 Chad 10.35 2015
56 Romania 9.70 2000
57 Uruguay 9.50 2009
58 Sudan 9.28 2014
59 Dominican Republic 9.04 2014
60 Lesotho 9.00 2000
61 Panama 8.99 2014
62 Thailand 8.70 2005
63 Sierra Leone 8.50 2013
64 Costa Rica 8.30 2011
65 Nepal 8.14 2014
66 Chile 8.10 2012
66 Sri Lanka 8.10 2009
68 Togo 8.10 2014
69 Congo 7.80 2012
70 Niger 7.40 2012
70 Moldova 7.40 2009
72 Nigeria 7.25 2011
73 Gabon 7.20 2012
73 Philippines 7.20 2011
75 Dem. Rep. Congo 6.92 2014
76 Kazakhstan 6.80 2006
77 Trinidad and Tobago 6.70 2006
78 Armenia 6.40 2010
79 Haiti 6.30 2012
80 Guinea-Bissau 6.28 2014
81 Malawi 5.87 2014
82 Georgia 5.40 2006
83 Uzbekistan 4.40 2005
84 Serbia 4.28 2014
85 Swaziland 4.20 2010
85 Zambia 4.20 2008
87 Algeria 4.10 2013
88 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.50 2006
89 Ukraine 3.10 2012
90 Tunisia 2.70 2012
91 Belarus 2.50 2012
92 Macedonia 2.30 2011
93 Jamaica 2.00 2011

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business).

Periodicity: Annual