Children in employment, male (% of male children ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Guinea-Bissau 65.35 2014
2 Cameroon 63.60 2011
3 Sierra Leone 60.70 2013
4 Chad 56.71 2015
5 Nicaragua 56.22 2012
6 Burkina Faso 55.60 2010
7 Malawi 50.89 2014
8 Niger 50.30 2012
9 Kyrgyz Republic 47.24 2014
10 Somalia 45.50 2006
11 Nepal 41.50 2014
12 Guinea 40.30 2012
12 Haiti 40.30 2012
14 Dem. Rep. Congo 39.16 2014
15 The Gambia 37.60 2008
16 Senegal 37.26 2015
17 Uganda 37.10 2012
18 Togo 37.08 2014
19 Central African Republic 36.60 2010
19 Côte d'Ivoire 36.60 2012
21 Zambia 35.40 2008
22 Tanzania 35.27 2014
23 Kenya 34.94 2009
24 Moldova 34.50 2009
25 Sudan 34.26 2014
26 Nigeria 34.07 2011
27 Georgia 33.60 2006
28 Ethiopia 32.50 2011
29 Mali 32.30 2013
30 Congo 31.40 2012
31 Burundi 31.30 2010
32 Angola 30.00 2001
33 South Africa 29.00 1999
34 Ghana 28.84 2012
35 Madagascar 27.70 2007
36 Mozambique 27.20 2008
37 Gabon 25.60 2012
38 Benin 24.40 2012
39 Serbia 23.43 2014
40 Peru 23.12 2015
41 Timor-Leste 22.20 2007
42 Liberia 21.70 2010
43 Macedonia 20.30 2011
44 Bolivia 19.89 2013
45 Mongolia 17.22 2013
46 Yemen 17.10 2010
47 Mauritania 16.41 2011
48 Namibia 16.19 1999
49 Dominican Republic 15.71 2014
50 Paraguay 15.70 2014
51 Thailand 15.70 2006
52 Zimbabwe 15.30 1999
53 Honduras 15.12 2014
54 Swaziland 14.50 2010
55 Afghanistan 13.10 2011
56 Sri Lanka 13.00 2009
57 Pakistan 12.50 2011
58 Armenia 12.00 2010
59 Bosnia and Herzegovina 11.70 2006
59 Vietnam 11.70 2012
61 Cambodia 11.00 2012
62 El Salvador 10.95 2013
63 Philippines 10.90 2011
64 Guatemala 10.04 2015
65 Uruguay 9.40 2009
66 Syrian Arab Republic 8.80 2006
67 Tajikistan 8.70 2005
68 Colombia 8.57 2014
69 Algeria 8.47 2013
70 Iraq 8.30 2011
71 Lao PDR 7.60 2010
72 Mexico 7.35 2013
73 Panama 7.02 2014
74 Jamaica 6.40 2011
74 Albania 6.40 2010
76 Argentina 6.39 2012
77 Chile 6.20 2012
78 Morocco 6.00 2004
78 Rwanda 6.00 2014
80 Ecuador 5.91 2015
81 Azerbaijan 5.80 2005
82 Bangladesh 5.73 2013
83 Venezuela 5.37 2013
84 Uzbekistan 5.30 2006
85 Ukraine 5.10 2012
86 Egypt 4.80 2009
87 Brazil 4.78 2014
88 Portugal 4.59 2001
89 Kazakhstan 4.40 2006
90 Indonesia 4.20 2010
91 Trinidad and Tobago 4.10 2006
92 Lesotho 4.00 2002
93 Tunisia 3.90 2012
94 Costa Rica 3.40 2011
95 Turkey 3.30 2006
96 Belarus 2.00 2012
97 India 1.90 2012
98 Romania 1.70 2000
99 Jordan 1.60 2007

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual