Children in employment, female (% of female children ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Children in employment refer to children involved in economic activity for at least one hour in the reference week of the survey.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Guinea-Bissau 62.46 2014
2 Cameroon 60.40 2011
3 Sierra Leone 57.50 2013
4 Chad 55.09 2015
5 Niger 46.70 2012
6 Burkina Faso 44.80 2010
7 Malawi 44.35 2014
8 Nepal 44.09 2014
9 Dem. Rep. Congo 43.61 2014
10 Somalia 41.50 2006
11 Nicaragua 38.96 2012
12 Central African Republic 37.90 2010
13 Côte d'Ivoire 36.40 2012
14 Uganda 36.30 2012
15 Nigeria 36.04 2011
16 Guinea 35.90 2012
17 Haiti 35.20 2012
18 The Gambia 34.30 2008
19 Tanzania 34.17 2014
20 Kenya 33.92 2009
21 Kyrgyz Republic 33.70 2014
22 Zambia 33.30 2008
23 Togo 33.07 2014
24 Burundi 32.40 2010
25 Congo 31.60 2012
26 Angola 30.10 2001
27 Georgia 29.90 2006
28 Ghana 28.68 2012
29 Mozambique 27.70 2008
30 Mali 27.00 2013
31 Sudan 26.87 2014
32 South Africa 26.40 1999
33 Madagascar 24.20 2007
34 Benin 23.70 2012
35 Moldova 23.00 2009
36 Gabon 22.60 2012
37 Peru 21.99 2015
38 Bolivia 20.52 2013
39 Ethiopia 19.50 2011
40 Macedonia 19.20 2011
41 Timor-Leste 17.70 2007
42 Liberia 15.00 2010
42 Yemen 15.00 2010
44 Namibia 14.69 1999
45 Thailand 14.40 2006
46 Pakistan 13.50 2011
47 Zimbabwe 13.30 1999
48 Senegal 13.05 2015
49 Serbia 12.89 2014
50 Mauritania 12.78 2011
51 Mongolia 12.18 2013
52 Swaziland 12.10 2010
52 Cambodia 12.10 2012
54 Dominican Republic 10.32 2014
55 Vietnam 10.10 2012
56 Lao PDR 9.70 2010
57 Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.50 2006
58 Tajikistan 9.10 2005
59 Sri Lanka 8.50 2009
60 Armenia 7.50 2010
61 Philippines 7.20 2011
62 Algeria 6.49 2013
63 Jamaica 6.00 2011
64 Honduras 5.75 2014
65 Rwanda 5.70 2014
66 Ecuador 5.18 2015
67 Afghanistan 5.10 2011
68 Ukraine 5.00 2012
68 Uruguay 5.00 2009
70 Uzbekistan 4.90 2006
71 Paraguay 4.74 2014
72 Albania 4.60 2010
73 El Salvador 4.57 2013
74 Azerbaijan 4.50 2005
75 Colombia 4.46 2014
76 Iraq 4.30 2011
76 Syrian Arab Republic 4.30 2006
78 Guatemala 4.25 2015
79 Bangladesh 4.22 2013
80 Panama 4.13 2014
81 Mexico 3.80 2013
82 Argentina 3.49 2012
83 Indonesia 3.20 2010
84 Morocco 3.00 2004
85 Kazakhstan 2.80 2006
85 Chile 2.80 2012
87 Tunisia 2.70 2012
87 Trinidad and Tobago 2.70 2006
89 Portugal 2.63 2001
90 Belarus 2.60 2012
91 Venezuela 2.39 2013
92 Brazil 2.21 2014
93 Turkey 1.80 2006
94 India 1.60 2012
94 Costa Rica 1.60 2011
96 Lesotho 1.30 2002
97 Romania 1.10 2000
98 Egypt 0.90 2009
99 Jordan 0.40 2007

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual