Informal employment (% of total non-agricultural employment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. It basically includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. However, agricultural and related activities, households producing goods exclusively for their own use (e.g. subsistence farming, domestic housework, care work, and employment of paid domestic workers), and volunteer services rendered to the community are excluded.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Dem. Rep. Congo 96.25 2005
2 Benin 94.54 2011
3 Togo 91.84 2014
4 Bangladesh 91.30 2017
5 Comoros 91.18 2014
6 Cambodia 90.56 2012
7 Mali 90.49 2016
8 Senegal 90.44 2015
9 Liberia 90.15 2014
10 Burundi 89.44 2014
11 Haiti 88.12 2012
12 Mozambique 86.71 2015
13 Niger 86.35 2011
14 Côte d'Ivoire 84.83 2017
15 Madagascar 83.86 2015
16 Uganda 83.24 2012
17 Ghana 83.18 2015
18 Cameroon 82.39 2014
19 India 80.28 2018
20 Myanmar 78.95 2018
21 Bolivia 77.72 2018
22 Nepal 77.62 2017
23 Sudan 77.31 2011
24 Indonesia 76.47 2018
25 Honduras 75.56 2017
26 Lao PDR 75.50 2017
27 Nicaragua 74.91 2012
28 Guatemala 72.78 2017
29 Tanzania 71.79 2014
30 Pakistan 71.23 2018
31 Rwanda 68.69 2018
32 Yemen 68.41 2014
33 The Gambia 68.19 2012
34 Angola 68.10 2011
35 Sri Lanka 65.93 2016
36 Zambia 65.38 2017
37 Ecuador 64.79 2018
38 Paraguay 64.46 2018
39 El Salvador 62.88 2018
40 Zimbabwe 62.50 2011
41 Mexico 60.66 2004
42 Peru 59.01 2017
43 Cabo Verde 57.81 2015
44 Colombia 57.25 2018
45 Vietnam 54.90 2018
46 Dominican Republic 53.89 2017
47 Timor-Leste 53.70 2013
48 Guyana 53.66 2017
49 Mauritius 53.53 2018
50 Eswatini 53.40 2016
51 Egypt 52.89 2017
52 Thailand 51.42 2018
53 Argentina 48.14 2018
54 Namibia 46.97 2018
55 Panama 45.26 2018
56 Brazil 38.27 2015
57 Costa Rica 36.03 2018
58 South Africa 35.15 2018
59 Albania 33.11 2013
60 Brunei 32.36 2017
61 Mongolia 30.93 2018
62 Chile 27.68 2018
63 Armenia 24.75 2017
64 Uruguay 23.48 2018
65 Samoa 21.26 2017
66 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.14 2019
67 Serbia 13.97 2018

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Limitations and Exceptions: There are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country, due to differences in definitions and methodology of data collection. For example, informal sector enterprises refer to non-registered enterprises in some countries but registration requirements can vary from country to country. Others apply the employment size criterion only (which may vary from country to country). For detailed information on definitions and coverage, see footnotes.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: There are wide variations in definitions and methodology of data collection. In addition to employment in the informal economy, informal employment within the formal sector should be also taken into account. Casual, short term, and seasonal workers, for example, could be informally employed — lacking social protection, health benefits, legal status, rights and freedom of association. Some countries now provide data according to the guidelines, adopted by the 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (2003); Informal employment as the total number of informal jobs, whether carried out in formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises, or households, during a given reference period.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Harmonized series