Informal employment (% of total non-agricultural employment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. It basically includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. However, agricultural and related activities, households producing goods exclusively for their own use (e.g. subsistence farming, domestic housework, care work, and employment of paid domestic workers), and volunteer services rendered to the community are excluded.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Nepal 99.70 2008
2 Benin 96.80 2011
3 Mali 96.60 2015
4 Niger 95.40 2011
5 Senegal 93.40 2015
6 Cambodia 93.30 2012
7 Côte d'Ivoire 92.80 2016
8 Ghana 92.10 2013
9 Uganda 91.70 2012
10 Tanzania 90.80 2014
11 Bangladesh 89.40 2013
12 Liberia 86.70 2010
13 India 86.50 2012
14 Myanmar 85.80 2015
15 Angola 84.30 2011
15 Indonesia 84.30 2016
17 Bolivia 84.10 2015
18 Pakistan 82.70 2015
19 Honduras 80.30 2016
20 Guatemala 80.10 2016
21 Yemen 77.40 2014
22 The Gambia 76.50 2012
23 Paraguay 72.20 2016
24 Timor-Leste 71.60 2013
25 El Salvador 69.50 2016
26 Peru 68.70 2016
27 Namibia 67.00 2016
28 Colombia 62.00 2016
28 Egypt 62.00 2016
30 Ecuador 61.00 2016
31 Mexico 57.30 2016
32 Dominican Republic 55.50 2015
33 Armenia 52.10 2015
34 Samoa 50.80 2012
35 Mongolia 50.70 2016
36 Argentina 46.80 2014
37 Costa Rica 42.40 2016
38 Chile 39.90 2016
39 South Africa 34.30 2016
40 Brunei 33.00 2014
41 Uruguay 24.50 2016
42 Serbia 24.20 2016

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Limitations and Exceptions: There are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country, due to differences in definitions and methodology of data collection. For example, informal sector enterprises refer to non-registered enterprises in some countries but registration requirements can vary from country to country. Others apply the employment size criterion only (which may vary from country to country). For detailed information on definitions and coverage, see footnotes.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: There are wide variations in definitions and methodology of data collection. In addition to employment in the informal economy, informal employment within the formal sector should be also taken into account. Casual, short term, and seasonal workers, for example, could be informally employed — lacking social protection, health benefits, legal status, rights and freedom of association. Some countries now provide data according to the guidelines, adopted by the 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (2003); Informal employment as the total number of informal jobs, whether carried out in formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises, or households, during a given reference period.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Harmonized series