Contributing family workers, male (% of male employment) (modeled ILO estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Contributing family workers are those workers who hold "self-employment jobs" as own-account workers in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Tanzania 29.60 2017
2 Burkina Faso 25.20 2017
3 Bhutan 23.60 2017
4 Albania 23.00 2017
5 Afghanistan 22.90 2017
6 Solomon Islands 22.70 2017
7 Madagascar 22.50 2017
8 Uganda 20.30 2017
8 Nepal 20.30 2017
10 Lao PDR 18.90 2017
11 Azerbaijan 18.80 2017
12 Cameroon 18.00 2017
13 Senegal 17.90 2017
14 Tonga 17.40 2017
15 Kenya 16.40 2017
16 Zambia 15.10 2017
17 Ghana 15.00 2017
17 Timor-Leste 15.00 2017
19 The Gambia 14.20 2017
19 Georgia 14.20 2017
21 Pakistan 14.10 2017
22 Morocco 12.50 2017
22 Myanmar 12.50 2017
24 Papua New Guinea 12.00 2017
24 Thailand 12.00 2017
24 Turkmenistan 12.00 2017
27 Lesotho 11.90 2017
27 Mali 11.90 2017
29 Honduras 11.40 2017
30 Côte d'Ivoire 11.20 2017
31 Chad 10.80 2017
32 Nicaragua 10.70 2017
33 Vietnam 10.20 2017
34 Vanuatu 10.10 2017
35 Mozambique 9.50 2017
36 Liberia 9.10 2017
37 Fiji 9.00 2017
38 Sierra Leone 8.30 2017
39 Iraq 7.90 2017
40 India 7.80 2017
41 Dem. Rep. Congo 7.70 2017
42 Benin 7.50 2017
43 Ecuador 6.80 2017
43 Guatemala 6.80 2017
45 Guinea 6.70 2017
46 Ethiopia 6.60 2017
47 Philippines 6.50 2017
48 Paraguay 6.30 2017
49 El Salvador 5.90 2017
50 Libya 5.70 2017
51 Egypt 5.30 2017
52 Angola 5.20 2017
53 Indonesia 5.10 2017
53 Bolivia 5.10 2017
53 Malawi 5.10 2017
56 Romania 5.00 2017
56 Venezuela 5.00 2017
56 Rwanda 5.00 2017
59 Peru 4.90 2017
59 Belize 4.90 2017
61 Turkey 4.50 2017
62 Serbia 4.40 2017
63 Namibia 4.30 2017
63 Armenia 4.30 2017
65 Cambodia 4.20 2017
65 Cabo Verde 4.20 2017
65 Bangladesh 4.20 2017
68 Kyrgyz Republic 4.10 2017
69 Guyana 3.90 2017
69 Botswana 3.90 2017
71 Haiti 3.50 2017
72 Togo 3.40 2017
72 Mexico 3.40 2017
74 Lebanon 3.20 2017
75 Burundi 3.10 2017
76 China 2.90 2017
77 Equatorial Guinea 2.80 2017
78 Tunisia 2.70 2017
79 Sri Lanka 2.60 2017
79 Chile 2.60 2017
81 Greece 2.50 2017
82 Tajikistan 2.20 2017
82 Mauritania 2.20 2017
84 Panama 2.10 2017
84 Iran 2.10 2017
84 Colombia 2.10 2017
87 Malaysia 2.00 2017
87 Uzbekistan 2.00 2017
89 Algeria 1.90 2017
89 Montenegro 1.90 2017
91 Slovenia 1.80 2017
91 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.80 2017
91 Congo 1.80 2017
91 Syrian Arab Republic 1.80 2017
95 Sudan 1.70 2017
95 Poland 1.70 2017
95 Comoros 1.70 2017
98 Switzerland 1.50 2017
98 Brazil 1.50 2017
100 Croatia 1.40 2017
100 Austria 1.40 2017
100 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 1.40 2017
103 Macedonia 1.20 2017
104 Mongolia 1.10 2017
104 Latvia 1.10 2017
104 Niger 1.10 2017
104 Italy 1.10 2017
104 Cyprus 1.10 2017
109 Mauritius 1.00 2017
109 Eritrea 1.00 2017
111 Korea 0.90 2017
111 Lithuania 0.90 2017
111 Guinea-Bissau 0.90 2017
114 Zimbabwe 0.80 2017
114 Japan 0.80 2017
114 Nigeria 0.80 2017
114 Dominican Republic 0.80 2017
118 Uruguay 0.70 2017
118 New Zealand 0.70 2017
118 Samoa 0.70 2017
118 Denmark 0.70 2017
118 Jamaica 0.70 2017
123 Finland 0.60 2017
123 Central African Republic 0.60 2017
123 Djibouti 0.60 2017
123 Luxembourg 0.60 2017
123 Portugal 0.60 2017
123 Ireland 0.60 2017
129 Swaziland 0.50 2017
129 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.50 2017
129 St. Lucia 0.50 2017
129 Belgium 0.50 2017
133 Argentina 0.40 2017
133 Gabon 0.40 2017
133 Bahrain 0.40 2017
133 Oman 0.40 2017
133 Brunei 0.40 2017
133 Bulgaria 0.40 2017
133 Spain 0.40 2017
133 The Bahamas 0.40 2017
141 United Kingdom 0.30 2017
141 Suriname 0.30 2017
141 Singapore 0.30 2017
141 Jordan 0.30 2017
141 Russia 0.30 2017
146 Somalia 0.20 2017
146 Czech Republic 0.20 2017
146 Ukraine 0.20 2017
146 South Africa 0.20 2017
146 Germany 0.20 2017
146 Netherlands 0.20 2017
146 Norway 0.20 2017
146 Macao SAR, China 0.20 2017
146 Yemen 0.20 2017
146 Moldova 0.20 2017
146 Hungary 0.20 2017
146 Sweden 0.20 2017
146 France 0.20 2017
146 São Tomé and Principe 0.20 2017
146 Australia 0.20 2017
161 Barbados 0.10 2017
161 Canada 0.10 2017
161 United States 0.10 2017
161 New Caledonia 0.10 2017
161 Costa Rica 0.10 2017
161 Cuba 0.10 2017
161 Slovak Republic 0.10 2017
161 Trinidad and Tobago 0.10 2017
161 Kazakhstan 0.10 2017
161 Belarus 0.10 2017
161 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.10 2017
161 Israel 0.10 2017
161 Puerto Rico 0.10 2017
161 Estonia 0.10 2017
175 Kuwait 0.00 2017
175 Malta 0.00 2017
175 Saudi Arabia 0.00 2017
175 Qatar 0.00 2017
175 Iceland 0.00 2017
175 United Arab Emirates 0.00 2017

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Development Relevance: Breaking down employment information by status in employment provides a statistical basis for describing workers' behaviour and conditions of work, and for defining an individual's socio-economic group. A high proportion of wage and salaried workers in a country can signify advanced economic development. If the proportion of own-account workers (self-employed without hired employees) is sizeable, it may be an indication of a large agriculture sector and low growth in the formal economy. A high proportion of contributing family workers — generally unpaid, although compensation might come indirectly in the form of family income — may indicate weak development, little job growth, and often a large rural economy. Each status group faces different economic risks, and contributing family workers and own-account workers are the most vulnerable - and therefore the most likely to fall into poverty. They are the least likely to have formal work arrangements, are the least likely to have social protection and safety nets to guard against economic shocks, and often are incapable of generating sufficient savings to offset these shocks.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. Due to differences in definitions and coverage across countries, there are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Estimates of women in employment are not comparable internationally, reflecting that demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms determine whether women's activities are regarded as economic.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The indicator of status in employment distinguishes between two categories of the total employed. These are: (a) wage and salaried workers (also known as employees); and (b) self-employed workers. Self-employed group is broken down in the subcategories: self-employed workers with employees (employers), self-employed workers without employees (own-account workers), members of producers' cooperatives and contributing family workers (also known as unpaid family workers). Vulnerable employment refers to the sum of contributing family workers and own-account workers. The series is part of the ILO estimates and is harmonized to ensure comparability across countries and over time by accounting for differences in data source, scope of coverage, methodology, and other country-specific factors. The estimates are based mainly on nationally representative labor force surveys, with other sources (population censuses and nationally reported estimates) used only when no survey data are available.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data up to 2016 are estimates while data from 2017 are projections.