Children in employment, unpaid family workers, female (% of female children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Unpaid family workers are people who work without pay in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Moldova 99.14 2009
2 Mongolia 98.34 2012
3 Albania 98.23 2010
4 Yemen 97.67 2010
5 Ghana 97.10 2012
6 Ecuador 96.84 2015
7 Namibia 96.50 1999
8 Azerbaijan 96.30 2005
9 Tanzania 96.16 2014
10 Kyrgyz Republic 96.01 2014
11 Sri Lanka 95.86 2009
12 Armenia 95.72 2010
13 Romania 95.22 2000
14 Bosnia and Herzegovina 94.36 2006
15 Serbia 94.12 2005
16 Bolivia 94.01 2013
17 Zambia 93.55 2008
18 Somalia 93.13 2006
19 Nepal 92.51 2008
20 Ukraine 91.79 2012
21 Mozambique 91.53 2008
22 Madagascar 91.04 2007
23 Ethiopia 90.37 2011
24 Peru 90.25 2007
25 Burkina Faso 89.60 2010
26 Togo 88.64 2010
27 Iraq 88.56 2011
28 Guinea-Bissau 88.45 2006
29 Panama 88.31 2014
30 Mauritania 87.02 2011
31 Algeria 87.00 2013
32 Guinea 86.84 2012
33 Vietnam 86.71 2012
34 Nicaragua 86.66 2012
35 Uganda 86.47 2012
36 Nigeria 86.43 2011
37 Côte d'Ivoire 85.89 2012
38 El Salvador 85.60 2013
39 Senegal 85.51 2011
40 Burundi 85.12 2010
41 Costa Rica 85.10 2011
42 Central African Republic 85.01 2010
43 Lesotho 84.58 2000
44 South Africa 84.39 1999
45 Congo 83.59 2012
46 Indonesia 83.11 2010
47 Gabon 82.96 2012
48 Belarus 82.87 2012
49 Mali 82.60 2013
50 Tunisia 82.37 2012
51 Liberia 81.32 2010
52 Angola 81.20 2001
53 Dem. Rep. Congo 80.90 2010
54 Haiti 80.85 2012
55 Benin 80.57 2012
56 Jamaica 80.41 2011
57 Syrian Arab Republic 80.37 2006
58 Uzbekistan 80.19 2006
59 Thailand 78.76 2006
60 Pakistan 78.39 2011
61 Philippines 78.35 2011
61 Swaziland 78.35 2010
63 Lao PDR 78.29 2010
64 Colombia 78.14 2014
65 Georgia 78.00 2006
66 Jordan 76.69 2007
67 Cambodia 75.67 2012
68 Malawi 75.31 2006
69 Honduras 75.28 2014
70 Afghanistan 74.31 2011
71 Argentina 73.27 2012
72 Kazakhstan 72.50 2006
73 Niger 72.08 2012
74 Macedonia 71.78 2011
75 Cameroon 71.29 2011
76 Tajikistan 70.49 2005
77 Venezuela 68.39 2013
78 Zimbabwe 67.50 1999
79 Sudan 66.38 2008
80 Guatemala 65.99 2015
81 Chad 63.83 2010
82 Turkey 63.73 2006
83 Brazil 63.22 2014
84 Sierra Leone 63.07 2013
85 Rwanda 61.43 2011
86 Paraguay 60.96 2014
87 India 60.78 2012
88 Mexico 59.72 2013
89 Bangladesh 50.35 2013
90 Uruguay 45.34 2009
91 Dominican Republic 43.66 2012
92 Egypt 27.91 2009
93 Trinidad and Tobago 23.54 2006

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual