Children in employment, unpaid family workers, female (% of female children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking - Asia

Definition: Unpaid family workers are people who work without pay in a market-oriented establishment operated by a related person living in the same household.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Mongolia 98.34 2012
2 Yemen 97.67 2010
3 Jordan 97.30 2016
4 Azerbaijan 96.30 2005
5 Kyrgyz Republic 96.01 2014
6 Sri Lanka 95.86 2009
7 Armenia 95.72 2010
8 Nepal 92.51 2008
9 Iraq 88.56 2011
10 Vietnam 86.71 2012
11 Indonesia 83.11 2010
12 Syrian Arab Republic 80.37 2006
13 Uzbekistan 80.19 2006
14 Thailand 78.76 2006
15 Pakistan 78.39 2011
16 Philippines 78.35 2011
17 Lao PDR 78.29 2010
18 Georgia 78.00 2006
19 Cambodia 75.67 2012
20 Afghanistan 74.31 2011
21 Kazakhstan 72.50 2006
22 Tajikistan 70.49 2005
23 Turkey 63.73 2006
24 India 60.78 2012
25 Bangladesh 50.35 2013

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Development Relevance: In most countries more boys are involved in employment, or the gender difference is small. However, girls are often more present in hidden or underreported forms of employment such as domestic service, and in almost all societies girls bear greater responsibility for household chores in their own homes, work that lies outside the System of National Accounts production boundary and is thus not considered in estimates of children's employment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries. In addition, the shares of three categories (self-employed workers, wage workers, and unpaid family workers) may not add up to 100 percent because of a residual category not included.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Since children's work is captured in the sense of "economic activity," the data refer to children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual