Employment to population ratio, 15+, total (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 99.90 2016
2 Madagascar 84.80 2015
3 Oman 84.60 2016
4 Uganda 84.20 2013
5 Rwanda 82.60 2014
6 Cambodia 82.40 2014
7 Tanzania 82.20 2014
8 Belarus 81.30 2015
8 Iceland 81.30 2016
10 Zimbabwe 80.50 2014
11 Nepal 79.80 2014
12 Mozambique 79.70 2015
13 Ethiopia 79.40 2013
14 Cayman Islands 79.30 2015
15 Niger 78.60 2011
16 Burundi 77.80 2014
17 Lao PDR 77.70 2010
18 Grenada 77.10 2015
19 Togo 76.20 2011
20 Vietnam 75.10 2016
21 Ghana 74.50 2013
22 Kuwait 74.30 2011
23 Malawi 73.10 2013
24 Angola 71.60 2011
25 Macao SAR, China 70.90 2016
25 Bahrain 70.90 2015
27 San Marino 70.60 2016
28 Cuba 70.50 2013
29 Benin 70.00 2011
30 United Arab Emirates 69.40 2009
31 Nigeria 69.30 2016
32 Thailand 68.70 2016
32 Zambia 68.70 2012
34 China 68.40 2015
35 Seychelles 68.00 2015
36 Sweden 67.00 2016
37 Kazakhstan 66.70 2016
38 New Zealand 66.20 2016
39 Peru 66.00 2016
39 Vanuatu 66.00 2009
41 Antigua and Barbuda 65.80 2001
42 Malaysia 65.40 2016
43 Russia 65.30 2015
44 Kenya 65.20 1999
44 Switzerland 65.20 2016
44 Singapore 65.20 2016
47 Bolivia 65.00 2015
48 Ecuador 64.60 2016
49 Myanmar 64.20 2015
50 The Bahamas 64.00 2012
51 Indonesia 63.50 2016
52 St. Kitts and Nevis 63.20 1991
52 Colombia 63.20 2016
54 Azerbaijan 62.70 2016
55 Nicaragua 62.00 2014
56 Bhutan 61.60 2015
57 Burkina Faso 61.50 2014
57 Guinea 61.50 2002
57 Norway 61.50 2016
60 Solomon Islands 61.40 2009
61 Tuvalu 61.30 2004
62 Mali 61.20 2016
62 Paraguay 61.20 2016
64 Israel 61.10 2016
64 Canada 61.10 2016
64 Australia 61.10 2016
67 Brunei 61.00 2014
68 Panama 60.80 2016
69 Belize 60.50 2016
70 Korea 60.40 2016
71 Netherlands 60.20 2016
72 Greenland 60.00 2015
73 Philippines 59.90 2016
73 United Kingdom 59.90 2016
73 Barbados 59.90 2016
76 United States 59.70 2016
77 Uruguay 59.60 2016
77 Denmark 59.60 2016
79 Georgia 59.50 2016
79 Venezuela 59.50 2015
81 Hong Kong SAR, China 59.20 2015
82 Guatemala 59.10 2016
82 Honduras 59.10 2016
84 Liechtenstein 59.00 2016
85 Côte d'Ivoire 58.70 2016
86 Estonia 58.60 2016
87 Germany 58.50 2016
87 Trinidad and Tobago 58.50 2015
89 Japan 58.10 2016
90 El Salvador 57.90 2016
91 Czech Republic 57.60 2016
92 Austria 57.50 2016
93 Mexico 57.40 2016
93 St. Lucia 57.40 2016
95 Kyrgyz Republic 57.10 2016
96 Dominican Republic 56.80 2016
97 Ukraine 56.40 2016
98 Liberia 56.20 2010
98 Jamaica 56.20 2016
100 Bangladesh 56.10 2016
101 Botswana 55.70 2013
102 Lithuania 55.60 2016
102 Suriname 55.60 2015
102 Chile 55.60 2016
105 Ireland 55.50 2016
106 Fiji 55.30 2014
107 Luxembourg 55.20 2016
107 Mauritius 55.20 2016
109 Argentina 55.10 2014
110 Brazil 54.90 2016
111 New Caledonia 54.70 2014
112 Latvia 54.60 2016
113 Mongolia 54.50 2016
114 Sierra Leone 54.30 2014
115 Slovak Republic 54.20 2016
116 Palau 53.70 2000
117 Finland 53.40 2016
117 The Gambia 53.40 2012
119 Cyprus 53.30 2016
120 Costa Rica 52.80 2016
120 Poland 52.80 2016
120 Cabo Verde 52.80 2010
120 Hungary 52.80 2016
124 Malta 52.50 2016
124 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 52.50 2008
126 Slovenia 52.10 2016
127 Portugal 52.00 2016
128 Saudi Arabia 51.80 2016
129 Dominica 51.40 2001
129 Sri Lanka 51.40 2016
131 Romania 50.60 2016
132 France 50.30 2016
133 India 50.20 2012
133 Pakistan 50.20 2015
135 Guyana 50.10 2002
136 Armenia 50.00 2016
137 Bulgaria 49.30 2016
138 Lesotho 49.20 2013
139 Belgium 49.00 2016
140 Albania 48.70 2016
141 Congo 48.40 2009
142 Monaco 47.90 2016
143 Papua New Guinea 47.40 2010
144 Spain 47.00 2016
145 Cameroon 46.70 2014
146 Turkey 46.30 2016
146 Namibia 46.30 2016
148 Afghanistan 45.70 2011
149 Serbia 45.20 2016
150 Montenegro 44.80 2016
151 Croatia 44.60 2016
152 Swaziland 43.80 1995
153 Italy 43.70 2016
154 Morocco 43.40 2014
155 Senegal 42.40 2015
156 Macedonia 41.90 2016
157 Kiribati 41.10 2010
158 Egypt 40.90 2016
159 Uzbekistan 40.80 2007
159 Moldova 40.80 2016
161 Djibouti 40.50 2002
162 Turkmenistan 40.30 1999
163 South Africa 40.20 2016
164 Mauritania 40.00 2012
164 Tunisia 40.00 2015
166 Greece 39.90 2016
167 Lebanon 39.50 2007
167 Comoros 39.50 2004
169 Syrian Arab Republic 39.00 2010
170 Gabon 38.80 2010
171 Libya 38.70 2012
172 Tonga 38.20 2003
173 Iran 37.80 2016
174 Algeria 37.60 2016
175 Iraq 36.60 2004
176 Haiti 35.70 2003
177 Puerto Rico 35.20 2015
178 Jordan 32.10 2014
179 Yemen 31.40 2014
180 Bosnia and Herzegovina 31.10 2016
181 Samoa 30.40 2014
182 Tajikistan 29.30 2008
183 São Tomé and Principe 29.20 2006
184 Timor-Leste 27.30 2013

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.