Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population) - Country Ranking

Definition: National poverty headcount ratio is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty lines. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.

Source: World Bank, Global Poverty Working Group. Data are compiled from official government sources or are computed by World Bank staff using national (i.e. country–specific) poverty lines.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Equatorial Guinea 76.80 2006
2 Madagascar 70.70 2012
3 Zimbabwe 70.00 2017
4 Guinea-Bissau 69.30 2010
5 Eritrea 69.00 1993
6 São Tomé and Principe 66.20 2010
7 Burundi 64.90 2014
8 Dem. Rep. Congo 63.90 2012
9 Central African Republic 62.00 2008
10 Honduras 61.90 2018
11 Guatemala 59.30 2014
12 Eswatini 58.90 2017
13 Haiti 58.50 2012
14 South Africa 55.50 2014
15 Guinea 55.20 2012
16 Togo 55.10 2015
17 Afghanistan 54.50 2016
18 Zambia 54.40 2015
19 Sierra Leone 52.90 2011
20 Malawi 51.50 2016
21 Liberia 50.90 2016
22 Lesotho 49.70 2017
23 Yemen 48.60 2014
23 The Gambia 48.60 2015
25 Chad 46.70 2011
25 Senegal 46.70 2011
27 Sudan 46.50 2009
28 Côte d'Ivoire 46.30 2015
29 Mozambique 46.10 2014
30 Nigeria 46.00 2009
31 Niger 44.50 2014
32 Comoros 42.40 2013
33 Mexico 41.90 2018
34 Timor-Leste 41.80 2014
35 Mali 41.10 2009
36 Congo 40.90 2011
37 Benin 40.10 2015
37 Burkina Faso 40.10 2014
39 Papua New Guinea 39.90 2009
40 Seychelles 39.30 2013
41 Rwanda 38.20 2016
42 Cameroon 37.50 2014
43 Angola 36.60 2008
44 Kenya 36.10 2015
45 Syrian Arab Republic 35.20 2007
46 Cabo Verde 35.00 2015
47 Bolivia 34.60 2018
48 Fiji 34.00 2013
49 Gabon 33.40 2017
50 Venezuela 33.10 2015
51 Myanmar 32.10 2015
52 Argentina 32.00 2018
53 Tajikistan 31.30 2015
54 Mauritania 31.00 2014
55 Dominican Republic 30.50 2016
56 El Salvador 29.20 2017
57 Mongolia 28.40 2018
58 Tanzania 28.20 2011
59 Egypt 27.80 2015
60 Lebanon 27.40 2012
61 Colombia 27.00 2018
62 Paraguay 26.40 2017
63 Tuvalu 26.30 2010
64 Armenia 25.70 2017
64 Serbia 25.70 2016
66 Kyrgyz Republic 25.60 2017
67 Nepal 25.20 2010
68 St. Lucia 25.00 2016
69 Nicaragua 24.90 2016
69 Palau 24.90 2006
71 Bangladesh 24.30 2016
71 Pakistan 24.30 2015
73 Montenegro 24.00 2015
74 Ethiopia 23.50 2015
74 Romania 23.50 2017
76 Lao PDR 23.40 2012
76 Ghana 23.40 2016
78 Ecuador 23.20 2018
79 Latvia 22.50 2014
79 Tonga 22.50 2009
81 North Macedonia 22.20 2017
81 Lithuania 22.20 2014
83 Panama 22.10 2016
84 Bulgaria 22.00 2017
85 India 21.90 2011
86 Estonia 21.80 2013
86 Kiribati 21.80 2006
88 Philippines 21.60 2015
89 Uganda 21.40 2016
90 Costa Rica 21.10 2018
90 Djibouti 21.10 2017
92 Peru 20.50 2018
93 Samoa 20.30 2013
94 Georgia 20.10 2018
95 Jamaica 19.90 2012
96 Croatia 19.40 2017
97 Botswana 19.30 2009
98 Iraq 18.90 2012
99 Cambodia 17.70 2012
100 Namibia 17.40 2015
101 Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.90 2015
102 Tunisia 15.20 2015
103 Hungary 14.90 2014
104 Poland 14.80 2017
105 Jordan 14.40 2010
106 Slovenia 14.30 2014
106 Albania 14.30 2012
108 Uzbekistan 14.10 2013
109 Turkey 13.50 2017
110 Russia 12.90 2018
111 Solomon Islands 12.70 2013
111 Vanuatu 12.70 2010
113 Slovak Republic 12.60 2013
114 Vietnam 9.80 2016
114 Indonesia 9.80 2018
116 Czech Republic 9.70 2013
117 Moldova 9.60 2015
118 Chile 8.60 2017
118 Thailand 8.60 2016
120 Bhutan 8.20 2017
121 Mauritius 7.90 2012
121 Uruguay 7.90 2017
123 Azerbaijan 6.00 2012
124 Belarus 5.60 2018
125 Algeria 5.50 2011
126 Morocco 4.80 2013
127 Sri Lanka 4.10 2016
128 China 3.10 2017
129 Kazakhstan 2.50 2017
130 Ukraine 1.30 2018
131 Malaysia 0.40 2015

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Poverty headcount ratio among the population is measured based on national (i.e. country-specific) poverty lines. A country may have a unique national poverty line or separate poverty lines for rural and urban areas, or for different geographic areas to reflect differences in the cost of living or sometimes to reflect differences in diets and consumption baskets. Poverty estimates at national poverty lines are computed from household survey data collected from nationally representative samples of households. These data must contain sufficiently detailed information to compute a comprehensive estimate of total household income or consumption (including consumption or income from own production), from which it is possible to construct a correctly weighted distribution of per capita consumption or income. National poverty lines are the benchmark for estimating poverty indicators that are consistent with the country's specific economic and social circumstances. National poverty lines reflect local perceptions of the level and composition of consumption or income needed to be non-poor. The perceived boundary between poor and non-poor typically rises with the average income of a country and thus does not provide a uniform measure for comparing poverty rates across countries. While poverty rates at national poverty lines should not be used for comparing poverty rates across countries, they are appropriate for guiding and monitoring the results of country-specific national poverty reduction strategies. Almost all national poverty lines are anchored to the cost of a food bundle - based on the prevailing national diet of the poor - that provides adequate nutrition for good health and normal activity, plus an allowance for nonfood spending. National poverty lines must be adjusted for inflation between survey years to remain constant in real terms and thus allow for meaningful comparisons of poverty over time. Because diets and consumption baskets change over time, countries periodically recalculate the poverty line based on new survey data. In such cases the new poverty lines should be deflated to obtain comparable poverty estimates from earlier years. The data is based on the two most recent years for which survey data are available. Survey year is the year in which the underlying household survey data were collected or, when the data collection period bridged two calendar years, the year in which most of the data were collected.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: This series only includes estimates that to the best of our knowledge are reasonably comparable over time for a country. Due to differences in estimation methodologies and poverty lines, estimates should not be compared across countries.