Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population) - Country Ranking - Africa

Definition: National poverty headcount ratio is the percentage of the population living below the national poverty lines. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.

Source: World Bank, Global Poverty Working Group. Data are compiled from official government sources or are computed by World Bank staff using national (i.e. country–specific) poverty lines.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Equatorial Guinea 76.80 2006
2 Madagascar 70.70 2012
3 Zimbabwe 70.00 2017
4 Guinea-Bissau 69.30 2010
5 Eritrea 69.00 1993
6 São Tomé and Principe 66.20 2010
7 Burundi 64.90 2014
8 Dem. Rep. Congo 63.90 2012
9 Central African Republic 62.00 2008
10 Eswatini 58.90 2017
11 South Africa 55.50 2014
12 Guinea 55.20 2012
13 Togo 55.10 2015
14 Zambia 54.40 2015
15 Sierra Leone 52.90 2011
16 Malawi 51.50 2016
17 Liberia 50.90 2016
18 Lesotho 49.70 2017
19 The Gambia 48.60 2015
20 Chad 46.70 2011
20 Senegal 46.70 2011
22 Sudan 46.50 2009
23 Côte d'Ivoire 46.30 2015
24 Mozambique 46.10 2014
25 Nigeria 46.00 2009
26 Niger 44.50 2014
27 Comoros 42.40 2013
28 Mali 41.10 2009
29 Congo 40.90 2011
30 Benin 40.10 2015
30 Burkina Faso 40.10 2014
32 Seychelles 39.30 2013
33 Rwanda 38.20 2016
34 Cameroon 37.50 2014
35 Angola 36.60 2008
36 Kenya 36.10 2015
37 Cabo Verde 35.00 2015
38 Gabon 33.40 2017
39 Mauritania 31.00 2014
40 Tanzania 28.20 2011
41 Egypt 27.80 2015
42 Ethiopia 23.50 2015
43 Ghana 23.40 2016
44 Uganda 21.40 2016
45 Djibouti 21.10 2017
46 Botswana 19.30 2009
47 Namibia 17.40 2015
48 Tunisia 15.20 2015
49 Mauritius 7.90 2012
50 Algeria 5.50 2011
51 Morocco 4.80 2013

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Poverty headcount ratio among the population is measured based on national (i.e. country-specific) poverty lines. A country may have a unique national poverty line or separate poverty lines for rural and urban areas, or for different geographic areas to reflect differences in the cost of living or sometimes to reflect differences in diets and consumption baskets. Poverty estimates at national poverty lines are computed from household survey data collected from nationally representative samples of households. These data must contain sufficiently detailed information to compute a comprehensive estimate of total household income or consumption (including consumption or income from own production), from which it is possible to construct a correctly weighted distribution of per capita consumption or income. National poverty lines are the benchmark for estimating poverty indicators that are consistent with the country's specific economic and social circumstances. National poverty lines reflect local perceptions of the level and composition of consumption or income needed to be non-poor. The perceived boundary between poor and non-poor typically rises with the average income of a country and thus does not provide a uniform measure for comparing poverty rates across countries. While poverty rates at national poverty lines should not be used for comparing poverty rates across countries, they are appropriate for guiding and monitoring the results of country-specific national poverty reduction strategies. Almost all national poverty lines are anchored to the cost of a food bundle - based on the prevailing national diet of the poor - that provides adequate nutrition for good health and normal activity, plus an allowance for nonfood spending. National poverty lines must be adjusted for inflation between survey years to remain constant in real terms and thus allow for meaningful comparisons of poverty over time. Because diets and consumption baskets change over time, countries periodically recalculate the poverty line based on new survey data. In such cases the new poverty lines should be deflated to obtain comparable poverty estimates from earlier years. The data is based on the two most recent years for which survey data are available. Survey year is the year in which the underlying household survey data were collected or, when the data collection period bridged two calendar years, the year in which most of the data were collected.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: This series only includes estimates that to the best of our knowledge are reasonably comparable over time for a country. Due to differences in estimation methodologies and poverty lines, estimates should not be compared across countries.