Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, male (% of 24 hour day) - Country Ranking

Definition: The average time men spend on household provision of services for own consumption. Domestic and care work includes food preparation, dishwashing, cleaning and upkeep of a dwelling, laundry, ironing, gardening, caring for pets, shopping, installation, servicing and repair of personal and household goods, childcare, and care of the sick, elderly or disabled household members, among others.

Source: National statistical offices or national database and publications compiled by United Nations Statistics Division

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Sweden 12.64 2011
2 Australia 11.39 2006
3 El Salvador 11.34 2010
4 Denmark 11.25 2009
5 Slovenia 11.11 2001
6 Switzerland 10.76 2013
6 Estonia 10.76 2010
8 Hungary 10.63 2010
9 New Zealand 10.56 2010
10 Canada 10.35 2010
11 Moldova 10.28 2012
12 Belgium 10.07 2013
12 Finland 10.07 2010
12 Mexico 10.07 2014
15 Germany 10.00 2013
16 Poland 9.93 2013
17 Norway 9.86 2011
17 Chile 9.86 2015
19 United States 9.79 2015
20 France 9.65 2010
21 Kyrgyz Republic 9.51 2015
21 Belarus 9.51 2015
23 Serbia 9.44 2011
24 Romania 9.31 2012
25 Bulgaria 9.24 2010
25 Netherlands 9.24 2012
27 Mongolia 9.10 2011
28 Ireland 8.96 2005
28 Lithuania 8.96 2003
30 Azerbaijan 8.89 2008
31 Ethiopia 8.68 2013
31 Austria 8.68 2009
33 Spain 8.61 2010
34 Uruguay 8.54 2013
35 Peru 8.40 2010
36 Argentina 8.19 2013
37 United Kingdom 8.06 2005
38 Oman 7.99 2008
39 Kazakhstan 7.71 2012
40 Qatar 7.64 2013
41 Luxembourg 7.08 2014
42 Malta 7.01 2002
43 Latvia 6.88 2003
44 South Africa 6.74 2010
44 Italy 6.74 2009
46 China 6.32 2008
46 Greece 6.32 2014
48 Panama 6.25 2011
49 Lesotho 6.18 2003
50 Macedonia 6.04 2009
51 Malaysia 5.97 2003
52 Bolivia 5.42 2001
53 Cuba 5.35 2001
54 Colombia 5.28 2012
55 Iran 5.21 2009
56 Bhutan 5.07 2007
57 Mauritius 4.79 2003
58 Guatemala 4.72 2011
59 Ghana 4.58 2009
60 Ecuador 4.51 2012
61 Tanzania 4.44 2014
62 Armenia 4.38 2008
62 Honduras 4.38 2009
64 Iraq 4.17 2007
65 Madagascar 3.82 2001
66 Algeria 3.75 2012
67 Turkey 3.68 2015
68 Costa Rica 3.54 2011
69 Albania 3.47 2011
70 Thailand 3.40 2009
71 Hong Kong SAR, China 3.33 2013
72 Korea 3.26 2014
73 Brazil 3.13 2012
74 Morocco 2.99 2012
75 Japan 2.92 2011
76 Tunisia 2.71 2006
77 Mali 2.50 2008
77 Lao PDR 2.50 2013
79 Pakistan 1.81 2007
80 Cambodia 1.25 2004
80 Malawi 1.25 2005

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Development Relevance: Women often spend disproportionately more time on unpaid domestic and care work than men. This unequal division of responsibilities is correlated with gender differences in economic opportunities, includign low female labor force participation, occupational sex segregation, and earnings diffrentials. The need for a gender balance in the distribution of unpaid domestic and care work has been increasingly recognized and the Sustainable Development Goals address the issue in the target 5.4.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work is calculated by dividing the daily average number of hours spent on unpaid domestic and care work by 24 hours. Data presented for this indicator are expressed as a proportion of time in a day. Weekly data is averaged over seven days of the week to obtain the daily average time.

Periodicity: Annual