Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, male (% of 24 hour day)

Definition: The average time men spend on household provision of services for own consumption. Domestic and care work includes food preparation, dishwashing, cleaning and upkeep of a dwelling, laundry, ironing, gardening, caring for pets, shopping, installation, servicing and repair of personal and household goods, childcare, and care of the sick, elderly or disabled household members, among others.

Description: The map below shows how Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, male (% of 24 hour day) varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The darker the shade, the higher the value. The country with the highest value in the world is Sweden, with a value of 12.64. The country with the lowest value in the world is Cambodia, with a value of 1.25.

Source: National statistical offices or national database and publications compiled by United Nations Statistics Division

See also: Country ranking, Time series comparison

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Development Relevance: Women often spend disproportionately more time on unpaid domestic and care work than men. This unequal division of responsibilities is correlated with gender differences in economic opportunities, includign low female labor force participation, occupational sex segregation, and earnings diffrentials. The need for a gender balance in the distribution of unpaid domestic and care work has been increasingly recognized and the Sustainable Development Goals address the issue in the target 5.4.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work is calculated by dividing the daily average number of hours spent on unpaid domestic and care work by 24 hours. Data presented for this indicator are expressed as a proportion of time in a day. Weekly data is averaged over seven days of the week to obtain the daily average time.

Periodicity: Annual