Government expenditure on education, total (% of GDP) - Country Ranking

Definition: General government expenditure on education (current, capital, and transfers) is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Cuba 12.84 2010
2 Kiribati 11.99 2001
3 Solomon Islands 9.86 2010
4 Botswana 9.63 2009
5 Norway 7.98 2016
6 Sweden 7.67 2016
7 Denmark 7.63 2014
8 Palau 7.58 2002
9 Iceland 7.46 2016
10 Costa Rica 7.40 2017
11 Papua New Guinea 7.39 1977
12 Belize 7.38 2017
13 Bolivia 7.29 2014
14 Eswatini 7.13 2014
15 Finland 6.90 2016
16 Venezuela 6.87 2009
17 Oman 6.85 2017
18 Moldova 6.68 2017
19 Bhutan 6.64 2018
20 Tunisia 6.60 2015
21 Belgium 6.54 2016
22 Lesotho 6.51 2018
23 Mozambique 6.48 2013
24 New Zealand 6.43 2016
25 Cyprus 6.38 2015
26 Guyana 6.34 2017
27 Uzbekistan 6.29 2017
28 Brazil 6.24 2015
29 South Africa 6.16 2018
30 Zimbabwe 6.14 2014
31 Kyrgyz Republic 6.14 2017
32 Puerto Rico 6.07 2014
33 Honduras 5.96 2017
34 Israel 5.85 2016
35 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 5.78 2017
36 Czech Republic 5.59 2016
37 Argentina 5.51 2017
38 Austria 5.50 2016
39 United Kingdom 5.49 2016
40 Netherlands 5.48 2016
41 France 5.43 2016
42 Chile 5.42 2017
43 Ukraine 5.41 2017
44 Jamaica 5.41 2018
45 Australia 5.28 2016
46 Malta 5.28 2015
47 Canada 5.27 2011
48 Morocco 5.26 2009
49 Kenya 5.24 2017
50 Tajikistan 5.23 2015
51 Cabo Verde 5.17 2017
52 Estonia 5.17 2016
53 Nepal 5.16 2018
54 Yemen 5.15 2008
55 Côte d'Ivoire 5.14 2017
56 Saudi Arabia 5.14 2008
57 Syrian Arab Republic 5.13 2009
58 Switzerland 5.11 2016
59 Ecuador 5.00 2015
60 Togo 4.98 2016
61 United States 4.96 2014
62 Nauru 4.91 2007
63 Mexico 4.91 2016
64 Portugal 4.88 2015
65 Uruguay 4.87 2017
66 São Tomé and Principe 4.86 2017
67 Mauritius 4.83 2018
68 Belarus 4.82 2017
69 Senegal 4.81 2017
70 Germany 4.80 2016
71 Slovenia 4.80 2016
72 Burundi 4.76 2017
73 Malaysia 4.74 2017
74 Ethiopia 4.74 2015
75 Latvia 4.72 2016
76 Hungary 4.71 2016
77 Vanuatu 4.70 2017
78 Barbados 4.66 2017
79 Poland 4.64 2016
80 Sierra Leone 4.64 2017
81 Congo 4.56 2015
82 Croatia 4.56 2013
83 Colombia 4.50 2017
84 Djibouti 4.49 2010
85 Brunei 4.43 2016
86 Seychelles 4.42 2016
87 Nicaragua 4.35 2017
88 Vietnam 4.34 2016
89 Algeria 4.34 2008
90 Spain 4.21 2016
91 Burkina Faso 4.17 2015
92 Thailand 4.12 2013
93 Mongolia 4.09 2017
94 Samoa 4.08 2016
95 Bulgaria 4.08 2013
96 Afghanistan 4.06 2017
97 Malawi 4.03 2017
98 Lithuania 4.01 2016
99 Benin 3.99 2016
100 Greece 3.96 2005
101 Serbia 3.96 2017
102 Iran 3.96 2018
103 Luxembourg 3.96 2015
104 Albania 3.95 2016
105 Peru 3.92 2017
106 Tonga 3.91 2004
107 Slovak Republic 3.90 2016
108 Fiji 3.88 2013
109 Georgia 3.85 2017
110 Timor-Leste 3.85 2017
111 India 3.84 2013
112 St. Lucia 3.83 2018
113 Italy 3.83 2016
114 Egypt 3.76 2008
115 Kuwait 3.76 2006
116 El Salvador 3.75 2017
117 Russia 3.74 2016
118 Tuvalu 3.73 1997
119 Ireland 3.70 2016
120 Ghana 3.62 2017
121 Jordan 3.60 2017
122 Japan 3.59 2014
123 Indonesia 3.58 2015
124 Iraq 3.55 1989
125 Niger 3.54 2017
126 Korea 3.45 1999
127 Paraguay 3.44 2016
128 Angola 3.42 2010
129 Dominica 3.39 2015
130 Tanzania 3.38 2014
131 Hong Kong SAR, China 3.32 2018
132 North Macedonia 3.30 2002
133 Andorra 3.20 2017
134 Grenada 3.17 2017
135 Panama 3.16 2011
136 Trinidad and Tobago 3.14 2003
137 Rwanda 3.11 2018
138 Romania 3.11 2015
139 Mali 3.10 2016
140 Cameroon 3.07 2017
141 Nigeria 3.06 1975
142 Turkmenistan 3.05 2012
143 San Marino 3.04 2017
144 Lao PDR 2.94 2014
145 Pakistan 2.90 2017
146 Singapore 2.90 2013
147 Qatar 2.86 2017
148 Chad 2.85 2013
149 Kazakhstan 2.82 2017
150 Sri Lanka 2.80 2017
151 Guatemala 2.80 2017
152 Madagascar 2.79 2014
153 Turkey 2.75 2006
154 Macao SAR, China 2.71 2017
155 Armenia 2.71 2017
156 Gabon 2.67 2014
157 Philippines 2.65 2009
158 Uganda 2.64 2017
159 Mauritania 2.63 2016
160 Cayman Islands 2.61 2006
161 St. Kitts and Nevis 2.61 2015
162 Liechtenstein 2.56 2011
163 Antigua and Barbuda 2.52 2009
164 Comoros 2.49 2015
165 Azerbaijan 2.48 2017
166 Lebanon 2.46 2013
167 Haiti 2.45 2016
168 Bahrain 2.33 2017
169 Liberia 2.28 2014
170 Libya 2.26 1999
171 The Bahamas 2.23 2000
172 Sudan 2.22 2009
173 Guinea 2.22 2017
174 Equatorial Guinea 2.19 1998
175 Myanmar 2.16 2017
176 Guinea-Bissau 2.13 2013
177 Eritrea 2.13 2006
178 The Gambia 2.06 2016
179 Dominican Republic 2.05 2007
180 Bangladesh 1.99 2018
181 Cambodia 1.91 2014
182 China 1.89 1999
183 Dem. Rep. Congo 1.47 2017
184 Monaco 1.46 2017
185 Somalia 1.28 1973
186 Central African Republic 1.23 2011
187 Zambia 1.10 2008

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Development Relevance: The percentage of government expenditure on education to GDP is useful to compare education expenditure between countries and/or over time in relation to the size of their economy; A high percentage to GDP suggests a high priority for education and a capacity of raising revenues for public spending. Note that government expenditure appears lower in some countries where the private sector and/or households have a large share in total funding for education.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data may refer to spending by the ministry of education only (excluding spending on educational activities by other ministries).

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Government expenditure on education, total (% of GDP) is calculated by dividing total government expenditure for all levels of education by the GDP, and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. GDP data come from the World Bank. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual