Government expenditure on education, total (% of GDP) - Country Ranking

Definition: General government expenditure on education (current, capital, and transfers) is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Tuvalu 3,730,834.00 1997
2 Cuba 12.84 2010
3 Kiribati 11.99 2001
4 Lesotho 11.36 2008
5 Solomon Islands 10.00 2010
6 Botswana 9.63 2009
7 Denmark 8.63 2013
8 Zimbabwe 8.43 2014
9 Namibia 8.35 2010
10 Malta 7.85 2013
11 Iceland 7.81 2013
12 Timor-Leste 7.78 2014
13 Sweden 7.68 2014
14 Palau 7.51 2002
15 Moldova 7.47 2014
16 Senegal 7.40 2014
17 Papua New Guinea 7.39 1977
18 Norway 7.37 2013
19 Bhutan 7.36 2015
20 Bolivia 7.29 2014
21 Costa Rica 7.18 2015
22 Finland 7.17 2014
23 Swaziland 7.05 2014
24 Venezuela 6.88 2009
25 Niger 6.71 2014
26 Belgium 6.59 2014
27 Barbados 6.57 2014
28 Mozambique 6.48 2013
29 Belize 6.43 2014
30 Puerto Rico 6.39 2013
31 New Zealand 6.37 2015
32 Tunisia 6.25 2012
33 Congo 6.22 2010
34 Ghana 6.18 2014
35 Cyprus 6.14 2014
36 South Africa 6.03 2014
37 Brazil 5.99 2013
38 Honduras 5.87 2013
39 Ukraine 5.86 2014
40 Israel 5.76 2014
41 United Kingdom 5.68 2015
42 Vietnam 5.66 2013
43 Malawi 5.61 2015
44 Vanuatu 5.55 2015
45 Netherlands 5.53 2014
46 Kyrgyz Republic 5.53 2014
47 Austria 5.50 2014
48 France 5.49 2013
49 Slovenia 5.49 2013
50 Estonia 5.48 2014
51 Jamaica 5.46 2015
52 Burundi 5.42 2013
53 United States 5.38 2014
54 Argentina 5.33 2014
55 Ireland 5.32 2013
56 Mexico 5.31 2014
57 Latvia 5.29 2014
58 Canada 5.28 2011
59 Kenya 5.27 2015
60 Morocco 5.26 2009
61 Tajikistan 5.23 2015
62 Australia 5.23 2014
63 Togo 5.22 2015
64 Yemen 5.15 2008
65 Samoa 5.14 2008
66 Saudi Arabia 5.14 2008
67 Syrian Arab Republic 5.13 2009
68 Portugal 5.13 2014
69 Switzerland 5.10 2014
70 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 5.09 2010
71 Korea 5.05 2015
72 Côte d'Ivoire 5.03 2015
73 Cabo Verde 4.99 2013
74 Dominica 4.99 1999
75 Malaysia 4.97 2015
76 Ecuador 4.96 2015
77 Oman 4.96 2013
78 Paraguay 4.96 2012
79 Germany 4.95 2014
80 Belarus 4.95 2015
81 Jordan 4.95 1999
82 Chile 4.92 2015
83 Poland 4.91 2014
84 St. Lucia 4.90 2015
85 Mauritius 4.89 2015
86 Turkey 4.77 2013
87 Hungary 4.66 2014
88 Lithuania 4.61 2013
89 Mongolia 4.60 2011
90 Croatia 4.58 2013
91 Ethiopia 4.50 2013
92 Colombia 4.49 2015
93 Nicaragua 4.49 2010
94 Djibouti 4.48 2010
95 Brunei 4.43 2016
96 Benin 4.36 2015
97 Uruguay 4.36 2011
98 Algeria 4.35 2008
99 Comoros 4.34 2015
100 Spain 4.27 2014
101 Slovak Republic 4.24 2014
102 Serbia 4.18 2014
103 Thailand 4.13 2013
104 Czech Republic 4.09 2013
105 Luxembourg 4.08 2014
106 Italy 4.08 2014
107 Burkina Faso 4.06 2015
108 Bulgaria 4.06 2013
109 Peru 3.98 2015
110 Greece 3.97 2005
111 Grenada 3.93 2003
112 Tonga 3.91 2004
113 Fiji 3.88 2013
114 Russia 3.86 2012
115 India 3.84 2013
116 Kuwait 3.76 2006
117 Egypt 3.76 2008
118 São Tomé and Principe 3.76 2014
119 Mali 3.74 2014
120 Nepal 3.71 2015
121 Rwanda 3.62 2016
122 Qatar 3.61 2014
123 Seychelles 3.61 2011
124 Japan 3.59 2014
125 Indonesia 3.59 2015
126 Iraq 3.55 1989
127 El Salvador 3.55 2015
128 Albania 3.54 2013
129 Tanzania 3.48 2014
130 Angola 3.48 2010
131 Lao PDR 3.32 2014
132 Afghanistan 3.32 2015
133 Macedonia 3.29 2002
134 Hong Kong SAR, China 3.26 2015
135 Andorra 3.25 2015
136 Guinea 3.21 2014
137 Guyana 3.19 2012
138 Panama 3.19 2011
139 Trinidad and Tobago 3.14 2003
140 Romania 3.13 2014
141 Nigeria 3.06 1975
142 Turkmenistan 3.06 2012
143 Cameroon 3.03 2013
144 Guatemala 2.96 2015
145 Mauritania 2.93 2013
146 Iran 2.93 2015
147 Singapore 2.92 2013
148 The Bahamas 2.85 2000
149 Chad 2.85 2013
150 Armenia 2.81 2015
151 Kazakhstan 2.79 2015
152 St. Kitts and Nevis 2.78 2015
153 The Gambia 2.77 2013
154 Liberia 2.76 2012
155 Bahrain 2.67 2015
156 Gabon 2.67 2014
157 Sierra Leone 2.66 2014
158 Philippines 2.65 2009
159 Pakistan 2.65 2015
160 Azerbaijan 2.63 2014
161 Lebanon 2.57 2013
162 Liechtenstein 2.56 2011
163 Antigua and Barbuda 2.55 2009
164 San Marino 2.38 2011
165 Libya 2.26 1999
166 Dem. Rep. Congo 2.25 2013
167 Sudan 2.22 2009
168 Uganda 2.21 2014
169 Equatorial Guinea 2.18 1998
170 Sri Lanka 2.18 2015
171 Guinea-Bissau 2.17 2013
172 Eritrea 2.13 2006
173 Madagascar 2.08 2013
174 Dominican Republic 2.04 2007
175 Macao SAR, China 2.03 2014
176 Georgia 1.98 2012
177 Bangladesh 1.93 2016
178 Cambodia 1.90 2014
179 China 1.89 1999
180 Somalia 1.28 1973
181 Central African Republic 1.22 2011
182 Myanmar 1.20 1995
183 United Arab Emirates 1.11 1997
184 Zambia 1.10 2008
185 Haiti 1.07 1991
186 Monaco 1.02 2014

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Development Relevance: The percentage of government expenditure on education to GDP is useful to compare education expenditure between countries and/or over time in relation to the size of their economy; A high percentage to GDP suggests a high priority for education and a capacity of raising revenues for public spending. Note that government expenditure appears lower in some countries where the private sector and/or households have a large share in total funding for education.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data may refer to spending by the ministry of education only (excluding spending on educational activities by other ministries).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Government expenditure on education, total (% of GDP) is calculated by dividing total government expenditure for all levels of education by the GDP, and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. GDP data come from the World Bank. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual