Government expenditure on education, total (% of government expenditure) - Country Ranking

Definition: General government expenditure on education (current, capital, and transfers) is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on all sectors (including health, education, social services, etc.). It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Sierra Leone 30.20 2018
2 Zimbabwe 30.02 2014
3 Jordan 28.53 2018
4 Ethiopia 27.10 2015
5 Costa Rica 26.09 2018
6 Eswatini 24.80 2014
7 Guatemala 23.75 2018
8 Uzbekistan 23.03 2017
9 Honduras 22.94 2018
10 Bhutan 22.77 2018
11 Tunisia 22.62 2015
12 Senegal 21.56 2017
13 Chile 21.30 2017
14 Belize 21.30 2017
15 Iran 21.15 2018
16 Turkmenistan 20.80 2012
17 Indonesia 20.50 2015
18 Botswana 20.48 2009
19 Burundi 20.40 2017
20 Ghana 20.10 2017
21 Singapore 19.96 2013
22 Malaysia 19.74 2018
23 Mauritius 19.65 2018
24 Andorra 19.32 2018
25 Saudi Arabia 19.26 2008
26 Syrian Arab Republic 19.18 2009
27 Thailand 19.13 2013
28 Mozambique 18.98 2013
29 Madagascar 18.97 2014
30 The Bahamas 18.92 2000
31 South Africa 18.87 2018
32 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.81 2018
33 Benin 18.79 2016
34 Hong Kong SAR, China 18.79 2018
35 Jamaica 18.58 2018
36 Côte d'Ivoire 18.47 2018
37 São Tomé and Principe 18.40 2017
38 Moldova 18.33 2017
39 Guyana 18.28 2017
40 Paraguay 18.15 2016
41 Tonga 18.10 2004
42 Burkina Faso 18.03 2015
43 Mexico 17.94 2016
44 Nicaragua 17.92 2016
45 Kenya 17.88 2017
46 Solomon Islands 17.48 2010
47 Tanzania 17.30 2014
48 Morocco 17.30 2009
49 Peru 16.99 2018
50 Bolivia 16.84 2014
51 Iceland 16.84 2016
52 New Zealand 16.82 2016
53 Tajikistan 16.39 2015
54 Cabo Verde 16.38 2017
55 Colombia 16.30 2018
56 Cyprus 16.21 2015
57 Guinea-Bissau 16.19 2013
58 Brazil 16.15 2015
59 Togo 15.99 2016
60 Norway 15.97 2016
61 Kyrgyz Republic 15.88 2017
62 Sweden 15.73 2016
63 Afghanistan 15.66 2017
64 El Salvador 15.59 2017
65 Palau 15.54 2002
66 Switzerland 15.53 2016
67 Cameroon 15.47 2017
68 Israel 15.45 2016
69 Oman 15.34 2017
70 Comoros 15.31 2015
71 Vietnam 14.78 2018
72 St. Lucia 14.78 2018
73 Bangladesh 14.65 2018
74 Uruguay 14.62 2017
75 Pakistan 14.54 2017
76 Malawi 14.34 2017
77 Fiji 14.30 2013
78 Nepal 14.17 2018
79 Czech Republic 14.15 2016
80 India 14.05 2013
81 Grenada 14.04 2017
82 Trinidad and Tobago 13.91 2003
83 Mali 13.90 2016
84 United Kingdom 13.83 2016
85 Denmark 13.83 2014
86 Australia 13.77 2016
87 Macao SAR, China 13.74 2016
88 Albania 13.60 2016
89 United States 13.59 2014
90 Lesotho 13.51 2018
91 Mongolia 13.49 2017
92 Ireland 13.45 2016
93 Kuwait 13.37 2006
94 Guinea 13.29 2018
95 Argentina 13.27 2017
96 Niger 13.22 2017
97 Philippines 13.21 2009
98 Malta 13.15 2015
99 Haiti 13.13 2016
100 San Marino 13.10 2017
101 Estonia 13.09 2016
102 Ukraine 13.05 2017
103 Panama 13.02 2011
104 Georgia 12.95 2017
105 Latvia 12.89 2016
106 Barbados 12.88 2017
107 Netherlands 12.81 2016
108 China 12.63 1999
109 Ecuador 12.60 2015
110 Dominican Republic 12.58 2007
111 Yemen 12.49 2008
112 Chad 12.46 2013
113 Belgium 12.34 2016
114 Finland 12.33 2016
115 Djibouti 12.33 2010
116 Belarus 12.28 2017
117 Canada 12.22 2011
118 Lao PDR 12.19 2014
119 Uganda 12.04 2017
120 Lithuania 12.03 2016
121 Vanuatu 11.78 2017
122 Seychelles 11.72 2016
123 Slovenia 11.72 2016
124 Dem. Rep. Congo 11.71 2017
125 Kiribati 11.52 2001
126 Brunei 11.44 2016
127 Bulgaria 11.44 2013
128 Algeria 11.43 2008
129 Kazakhstan 11.43 2017
130 Sri Lanka 11.33 2018
131 Poland 11.29 2016
132 Gabon 11.23 2014
133 Russia 10.99 2016
134 Austria 10.95 2016
135 Egypt 10.94 2008
136 Germany 10.94 2016
137 Rwanda 10.80 2018
138 Sudan 10.78 2009
139 Dominica 10.52 2015
140 Samoa 10.48 2016
141 Armenia 10.40 2017
142 The Gambia 10.36 2016
143 Portugal 10.15 2015
144 Hungary 10.07 2016
145 Myanmar 9.99 2018
146 Spain 9.97 2016
147 France 9.60 2016
148 Croatia 9.49 2013
149 Luxembourg 9.43 2015
150 Slovak Republic 9.42 2016
151 Mauritania 9.33 2016
152 Serbia 9.26 2017
153 Japan 9.09 2014
154 Romania 9.09 2015
155 Cambodia 8.98 2018
156 Greece 8.70 2005
157 Angola 8.68 2010
158 North Macedonia 8.64 2002
159 St. Kitts and Nevis 8.64 2015
160 Lebanon 8.58 2013
161 Qatar 8.56 2017
162 Libya 8.14 1999
163 Turkey 7.97 2006
164 Congo 7.95 2015
165 Central African Republic 7.83 2011
166 Italy 7.81 2016
167 Timor-Leste 7.29 2018
168 Bahrain 7.18 2017
169 Monaco 6.98 2017
170 Azerbaijan 6.95 2017
171 Antigua and Barbuda 6.93 2009
172 Liberia 6.89 2014
173 Zambia 5.65 2008
174 Equatorial Guinea 5.25 1998
175 Eritrea 5.17 2006

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Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure devoted to education allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to education relative to other public investments, as well as a government's commitment to investing in human capital development. Countries with younger populations may spend more on education in relation to other sector such as health or social security, and vice-versa.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on government expenditure on education may refer to spending by the ministry of education only (excluding spending on educational activities by other ministries). In addition, definitions and methods of data on total general government expenditure may differ across countries.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Expenditure on education, total (% of government expenditure) is calculated by dividing total government expenditure on education by the total government expenditure on all sectors and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Data on total general government expenditure were previously collected from countries through the annual questionnaire, but are from the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook database since January 2014. Therefore, current data cannot be compared with data in earlier editions. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual