Government expenditure on education, total (% of government expenditure) - Country Ranking

Definition: General government expenditure on education (current, capital, and transfers) is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on all sectors (including health, education, social services, etc.). It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Zimbabwe 30.01 2014
2 Congo 29.02 2010
3 Ethiopia 27.02 2013
4 Namibia 26.19 2010
5 Bhutan 25.52 2015
6 Swaziland 24.95 2014
7 Senegal 24.76 2014
8 Lesotho 24.70 2008
9 Guatemala 24.09 2015
10 Costa Rica 23.38 2015
11 Nicaragua 22.75 2010
12 Vanuatu 22.30 2015
13 Niger 21.66 2014
14 Puerto Rico 21.58 2013
15 Malawi 21.55 2015
16 Côte d'Ivoire 21.17 2015
17 Ghana 21.02 2014
18 Belize 20.92 2014
19 Turkmenistan 20.80 2012
20 Venezuela 20.66 2009
21 Tunisia 20.65 2012
22 Indonesia 20.52 2015
23 Botswana 20.48 2009
24 Jamaica 20.05 2015
25 Singapore 19.96 2013
26 Malaysia 19.72 2015
27 Paraguay 19.63 2012
28 Saudi Arabia 19.26 2008
29 Honduras 19.23 2013
30 Syrian Arab Republic 19.18 2009
31 South Africa 19.13 2014
32 Mexico 19.07 2014
33 Mozambique 19.03 2013
34 Mauritius 19.02 2015
35 The Bahamas 18.92 2000
36 Chile 18.90 2015
37 Thailand 18.86 2013
38 Moldova 18.77 2014
39 Malta 18.76 2013
40 Hong Kong SAR, China 18.61 2015
41 Iran 18.57 2015
42 Vietnam 18.53 2013
43 Mali 18.22 2014
44 Tonga 18.10 2004
45 Burkina Faso 18.03 2015
46 New Zealand 17.99 2015
47 Togo 17.99 2015
48 Iceland 17.67 2013
49 Peru 17.60 2015
50 Benin 17.48 2015
51 Solomon Islands 17.48 2010
52 Tanzania 17.30 2014
53 Morocco 17.30 2009
54 Burundi 17.24 2013
55 Nepal 17.11 2015
56 Norway 17.03 2013
57 Dem. Rep. Congo 16.92 2013
58 Bolivia 16.84 2014
59 El Salvador 16.60 2015
60 St. Lucia 16.53 2015
61 Kenya 16.47 2015
62 Tajikistan 16.28 2015
63 Guinea-Bissau 16.19 2013
64 Kyrgyz Republic 16.11 2014
65 Samoa 16.06 2008
66 Brazil 15.97 2013
67 Cyprus 15.53 2014
68 Switzerland 15.53 2014
69 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 15.49 2010
70 Palau 15.34 2002
71 Comoros 15.32 2015
72 Denmark 15.23 2013
73 Sierra Leone 15.09 2014
74 Colombia 15.05 2015
75 Cabo Verde 14.98 2013
76 Sweden 14.94 2014
77 Uruguay 14.93 2011
78 Argentina 14.72 2014
79 United States 14.55 2014
80 Israel 14.28 2014
81 Estonia 14.26 2014
82 Jordan 14.18 1999
83 Barbados 14.16 2014
84 India 14.09 2013
85 Fiji 14.03 2013
86 Madagascar 13.99 2013
87 Latvia 13.96 2014
88 Australia 13.90 2014
89 United Kingdom 13.88 2015
90 Cameroon 13.82 2013
91 Bangladesh 13.82 2013
92 Ireland 13.45 2013
93 Macao SAR, China 13.39 2014
94 Kuwait 13.37 2006
95 Trinidad and Tobago 13.34 2003
96 Lithuania 13.29 2013
97 Philippines 13.21 2009
98 Pakistan 13.19 2015
99 Ukraine 13.12 2014
100 Panama 13.02 2011
101 Ecuador 12.79 2015
102 Qatar 12.74 2014
103 China 12.63 1999
104 Dominican Republic 12.58 2007
105 Afghanistan 12.51 2015
106 Yemen 12.49 2008
107 Rwanda 12.49 2015
108 Chad 12.46 2013
109 Turkey 12.43 2013
110 Djibouti 12.33 2010
111 Finland 12.32 2014
112 São Tomé and Principe 12.32 2014
113 Canada 12.22 2011
114 Lao PDR 12.19 2014
115 Mongolia 12.15 2011
116 Albania 12.12 2013
117 Guinea 11.99 2014
118 Netherlands 11.97 2014
119 Belgium 11.97 2014
120 Kazakhstan 11.89 2015
121 Uganda 11.70 2014
122 Poland 11.65 2014
123 Kiribati 11.52 2001
124 Bulgaria 11.44 2013
125 Algeria 11.43 2008
126 Dominica 11.42 1999
127 Mauritania 11.41 2013
128 Gabon 11.37 2014
129 Belarus 11.20 2015
130 Russia 11.15 2012
131 Germany 11.14 2014
132 Oman 11.08 2013
133 Sri Lanka 10.95 2015
134 Grenada 10.81 2003
135 Sudan 10.77 2009
136 Armenia 10.66 2015
137 San Marino 10.64 2011
138 Egypt 10.51 2008
139 Austria 10.48 2014
140 Seychelles 10.39 2011
141 The Gambia 10.28 2013
142 Guyana 10.26 2012
143 Slovak Republic 10.16 2014
144 Slovenia 10.00 2013
145 Brunei 9.99 2014
146 Portugal 9.89 2014
147 France 9.66 2013
148 Luxembourg 9.63 2014
149 Czech Republic 9.60 2013
150 Croatia 9.60 2013
151 Spain 9.59 2014
152 Hungary 9.41 2014
153 Japan 9.29 2014
154 Romania 9.24 2014
155 Serbia 9.10 2014
156 Cambodia 9.09 2014
157 St. Kitts and Nevis 8.80 2015
158 Greece 8.70 2005
159 Angola 8.68 2010
160 Macedonia 8.64 2002
161 Lebanon 8.58 2013
162 Libya 8.14 1999
163 Liberia 8.10 2012
164 Italy 8.01 2014
165 Timor-Leste 8.00 2014
166 Central African Republic 7.83 2011
167 Bahrain 7.66 2015
168 Azerbaijan 7.38 2014
169 Antigua and Barbuda 6.92 2009
170 Georgia 6.71 2012
171 Zambia 5.65 2008
172 Equatorial Guinea 5.25 1998
173 Eritrea 5.17 2006
174 United Arab Emirates 5.02 1997
175 Monaco 5.01 2014

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Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure devoted to education allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to education relative to other public investments, as well as a government's commitment to investing in human capital development. Countries with younger populations may spend more on education in relation to other sector such as health or social security, and vice-versa.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on government expenditure on education may refer to spending by the ministry of education only (excluding spending on educational activities by other ministries). In addition, definitions and methods of data on total general government expenditure may differ across countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Expenditure on education, total (% of government expenditure) is calculated by dividing total government expenditure on education by the total government expenditure on all sectors and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Data on total general government expenditure were previously collected from countries through the annual questionnaire, but are from the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook database since January 2014. Therefore, current data cannot be compared with data in earlier editions. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual