Persistence to last grade of primary, total (% of cohort) - Country Ranking

Definition: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Finland 99.84 2014
2 Japan 99.84 2011
3 Denmark 99.77 2014
4 Chile 99.60 2014
5 Sweden 99.56 2013
6 Norway 99.47 2014
7 Korea 99.46 2014
8 Czech Republic 99.45 2014
9 Austria 99.43 2014
10 Armenia 99.28 2014
11 Russia 99.28 2014
12 Uzbekistan 99.21 2015
13 Sri Lanka 99.18 2014
14 Italy 99.18 2014
15 Uruguay 99.16 2013
16 Tajikistan 99.08 2015
17 Slovenia 99.05 2013
18 Kazakhstan 99.03 2015
19 Croatia 99.01 2014
20 Slovak Republic 98.95 2014
21 Israel 98.89 2014
22 Saudi Arabia 98.69 2011
23 Singapore 98.68 2008
24 Canada 98.59 1999
25 Belarus 98.43 2014
26 Serbia 98.36 2014
27 Hong Kong SAR, China 98.30 2014
28 Lithuania 98.28 2014
29 Macao SAR, China 98.27 2009
30 Netherlands 98.22 2001
31 Oman 98.07 2014
32 Estonia 97.97 2014
33 France 97.96 1999
34 Iceland 97.92 2011
35 Hungary 97.91 2014
36 Jordan 97.90 2010
37 Poland 97.82 2013
38 Bahrain 97.81 2011
39 Qatar 97.74 2012
40 Azerbaijan 97.62 2014
41 Cyprus 97.61 2014
42 Iran 97.53 2014
43 Spain 97.44 2014
44 Macedonia 97.35 2014
45 Fiji 97.15 2012
46 Bosnia and Herzegovina 97.04 2014
47 Kyrgyz Republic 96.72 2014
48 Liechtenstein 96.69 2014
49 Malta 96.57 2014
50 Germany 96.48 2012
51 Bolivia 96.48 2014
52 Brunei 96.37 2011
53 Georgia 96.34 2014
54 San Marino 96.25 2011
55 Bulgaria 96.12 2014
56 Egypt 96.10 2009
57 Mauritius 96.03 2014
58 Argentina 95.99 2013
59 Vietnam 95.96 2014
60 Albania 95.72 2014
61 Mexico 95.71 2013
62 Kuwait 95.70 2012
63 St. Kitts and Nevis 95.39 2014
64 Latvia 95.17 2014
65 Jamaica 94.85 2013
66 Moldova 94.76 2014
67 Belize 94.67 2013
68 Cuba 94.62 2014
69 Romania 94.05 2011
70 Botswana 94.01 2012
71 Seychelles 93.98 2010
72 Tunisia 93.97 2013
73 Costa Rica 93.86 2014
74 Algeria 93.80 2014
75 China 93.57 1996
76 Belgium 93.46 2014
77 Barbados 93.37 2010
78 Syrian Arab Republic 93.16 2011
79 Kenya 93.00 2014
80 Guyana 92.19 2011
81 Malaysia 91.99 2014
82 United Arab Emirates 91.96 2012
83 Greece 91.69 2013
84 Suriname 91.67 2014
85 Antigua and Barbuda 91.32 2007
86 Tuvalu 90.96 2014
87 Mongolia 90.90 2003
88 Samoa 90.69 2014
89 Namibia 90.59 2012
90 Peru 90.51 2013
91 Tonga 90.39 2005
92 Lebanon 90.23 2013
93 Venezuela 90.19 2014
94 St. Lucia 90.09 2013
95 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 89.70 2014
96 The Bahamas 89.50 2009
97 Trinidad and Tobago 89.39 2009
98 Cabo Verde 88.98 2014
99 Morocco 88.84 2014
100 Colombia 88.26 2014
101 Turkey 87.99 2014
102 Grenada 86.89 1984
103 Panama 85.96 2013
104 Thailand 84.97 2014
105 Djibouti 84.40 2013
106 Paraguay 84.15 2011
107 Ghana 83.71 2013
108 Luxembourg 82.93 2013
109 Côte d'Ivoire 82.74 2014
110 Timor-Leste 82.30 2014
111 Ecuador 82.03 2015
112 Indonesia 81.94 2013
113 Monaco 81.87 1991
114 India 81.84 2013
115 Libya 81.64 1980
116 Brazil 80.62 2003
117 Montenegro 80.50 2011
118 Dominica 79.50 2014
119 Sudan 79.43 2012
120 Kiribati 78.91 2003
121 Bhutan 78.86 2012
122 Lao PDR 78.72 2014
123 Dominican Republic 78.60 2013
124 El Salvador 78.14 2014
125 Honduras 78.02 2014
126 South Africa 76.99 2003
127 Zimbabwe 76.93 2012
128 Nepal 76.85 2015
129 Philippines 75.78 2008
130 Afghanistan 75.57 1984
131 The Gambia 75.05 2015
132 Myanmar 74.79 2009
133 Guatemala 74.76 2014
134 Swaziland 74.71 2012
135 Cayman Islands 74.65 2004
136 Eritrea 73.08 2014
137 Solomon Islands 72.66 2014
138 Equatorial Guinea 72.07 2011
139 Vanuatu 71.45 2008
140 Andorra 71.23 2014
141 Comoros 70.90 2013
142 Congo 70.29 2007
143 Yemen 69.47 2012
144 Ukraine 68.22 2014
145 Liberia 67.77 2008
146 Tanzania 66.65 2012
147 Portugal 66.40 1974
148 Burkina Faso 66.24 2014
149 Bangladesh 66.20 2009
150 São Tomé and Principe 66.13 2009
151 Guinea 65.89 2013
152 Cameroon 65.75 2014
153 Lesotho 64.86 2014
154 Niger 64.40 2013
155 Nigeria 64.38 2009
156 Mauritania 64.13 2012
157 Pakistan 64.06 2014
158 Mali 61.59 2011
159 Gabon 59.81 2002
160 Senegal 58.18 2014
161 Benin 57.26 2014
162 Papua New Guinea 56.18 1997
163 Zambia 55.49 2012
164 Dem. Rep. Congo 55.44 2012
165 Switzerland 54.76 1986
166 Togo 54.15 2014
167 Malawi 54.07 2013
168 Chad 50.99 2012
169 Iraq 49.50 1999
170 Nicaragua 48.41 2007
171 Sierra Leone 47.75 2012
172 Cambodia 46.92 2013
173 Central African Republic 46.56 2011
174 Rwanda 44.72 2014
175 Burundi 44.56 2014
176 Madagascar 42.57 2014
177 Ethiopia 38.25 2014
178 Mozambique 33.23 2014
179 Haiti 32.23 1985
180 Angola 31.87 2009
181 Uganda 21.36 2014
182 Guinea-Bissau 8.43 1987

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Development Relevance: The cohort survival rate measures an education system's holding power and internal efficiency. Rates approaching 100 percent indicate high retention and low dropout levels.

Limitations and Exceptions: The estimates have limitations in capturing real trend in that an observed rate will be applied to the underlying indicators such as repetition rate and promotion rate throughout the cohort life, and re-entrants, grade skipping, migration or transfers during a school year are not adequately captured.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Cohort survival rate is calculated by dividing the total number of children belonging to a cohort who reached each successive grade of the specified level of education by the number of children in the same cohort; those originally enrolled in the first grade of primary education, and multiplying by 100. To reflect current patterns of grade transition, it is calculated based on the reconstructed cohort method, which uses data on enrollment by grade for the two most recent years and data on repeaters by grade for the most recent of those two years. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual