School enrollment, primary (% net) - Country Ranking

Definition: Net enrollment rate is the ratio of children of official school age who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Japan 99.95 2014
2 United Kingdom 99.85 2014
3 Norway 99.78 2015
4 Finland 99.56 2015
5 Canada 99.46 2013
6 Spain 99.42 2015
7 Sweden 99.37 2015
8 Argentina 99.35 2014
9 Iran 99.17 2015
10 Sierra Leone 99.12 2015
11 New Zealand 99.08 2015
12 Iceland 99.05 2013
13 Georgia 99.00 2011
14 Belgium 98.95 2015
15 Sri Lanka 98.94 2015
16 France 98.85 2014
17 Germany 98.68 2015
18 Tunisia 98.57 2013
19 Malta 98.45 2015
20 Morocco 98.43 2014
21 Denmark 98.35 2015
22 Netherlands 98.31 2015
23 Korea 98.21 2015
24 Malaysia 98.09 2015
25 Egypt 98.03 2014
26 Vietnam 97.97 2013
27 Portugal 97.82 2015
28 Lithuania 97.81 2015
29 Slovenia 97.74 2014
30 Tajikistan 97.73 2016
31 Fiji 97.64 2015
32 Saudi Arabia 97.60 2015
33 The Bahamas 97.52 2010
34 Malawi 97.48 2009
35 Cyprus 97.37 2015
36 Israel 97.20 2015
37 Italy 97.19 2015
38 Cabo Verde 97.12 2015
39 Algeria 97.06 2015
40 Australia 97.03 2015
41 Nepal 96.96 2016
42 Nicaragua 96.95 2010
43 Russia 96.53 2015
44 Mongolia 96.51 2015
45 Bahrain 96.43 2015
46 Costa Rica 96.42 2015
47 Poland 96.42 2014
48 Serbia 96.30 2015
49 Greece 96.28 2014
50 Ukraine 96.18 2014
51 Mauritius 96.15 2015
52 Belize 96.14 2015
53 Latvia 96.10 2015
54 Armenia 96.07 2015
55 Philippines 95.98 2013
56 Samoa 95.95 2015
57 Benin 95.87 2014
58 Grenada 95.73 2015
59 Timor-Leste 95.59 2015
60 Albania 95.52 2014
61 Togo 95.43 2015
62 Belarus 95.36 2015
63 Trinidad and Tobago 95.24 2010
64 Kiribati 95.21 2015
65 Rwanda 95.10 2015
66 Mexico 95.06 2014
67 Ireland 95.03 2015
68 Macao SAR, China 95.01 2015
69 Cambodia 94.93 2015
70 São Tomé and Principe 94.91 2015
71 Seychelles 94.90 2015
72 Estonia 94.70 2015
73 Uzbekistan 94.69 2016
74 Myanmar 94.53 2014
75 Oman 94.53 2015
76 Chile 94.32 2015
77 Liechtenstein 94.30 2015
78 Uruguay 94.22 2014
79 Burundi 94.15 2015
80 Azerbaijan 94.14 2015
81 Turkey 94.14 2015
82 Peru 94.08 2015
83 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.93 2015
84 United States 93.75 2015
85 Uganda 93.65 2013
86 Panama 93.40 2014
87 United Arab Emirates 93.38 2015
88 Switzerland 93.32 2015
89 Suriname 93.31 2015
90 Bulgaria 93.30 2015
91 St. Lucia 93.04 2007
92 Honduras 93.04 2015
93 Luxembourg 92.97 2014
94 Dominica 92.95 2009
95 Montenegro 92.90 2015
96 Kuwait 92.87 2014
97 Lao PDR 92.71 2015
98 San Marino 92.71 2012
99 Brazil 92.70 2015
100 Jamaica 92.45 2004
101 Iraq 92.31 2007
102 India 92.26 2013
103 Cuba 92.15 2015
104 Qatar 92.11 2015
105 Cameroon 91.99 2015
106 Ecuador 91.91 2016
107 Congo 91.38 2012
108 El Salvador 91.24 2015
109 Macedonia 91.06 2015
110 Barbados 91.02 2014
111 Botswana 91.02 2013
112 Thailand 90.76 2015
113 Hungary 90.61 2015
114 Colombia 90.60 2015
115 Bangladesh 90.51 2010
116 Venezuela 89.86 2015
117 Namibia 89.74 2013
118 Indonesia 89.74 2015
119 Kyrgyz Republic 89.32 2015
120 Jordan 89.20 2013
121 Mozambique 89.13 2015
122 Croatia 88.83 2015
123 Paraguay 88.55 2012
124 Bolivia 88.48 2015
125 Tonga 88.23 2014
126 Ghana 87.41 2016
127 Zambia 87.40 2013
128 Kazakhstan 87.38 2016
129 Antigua and Barbuda 87.05 2015
130 Dominican Republic 86.89 2015
131 Romania 86.87 2015
132 Moldova 86.85 2015
133 Nauru 86.43 2014
134 Papua New Guinea 86.01 2012
135 Zimbabwe 85.86 2013
136 Vanuatu 85.81 2015
137 Ethiopia 85.59 2015
138 Bhutan 85.58 2014
139 Guatemala 85.45 2015
140 Kenya 84.87 2012
141 Yemen 84.84 2013
142 Tuvalu 84.40 2015
143 Angola 84.01 2011
144 South Africa 83.33 2005
145 Puerto Rico 82.05 2014
146 Lebanon 81.77 2015
147 Guyana 81.37 2012
148 Lesotho 80.16 2015
149 Tanzania 80.09 2014
150 Palau 80.01 2016
151 Swaziland 79.62 2014
152 Comoros 79.46 2014
153 Côte d'Ivoire 79.25 2015
154 Mauritania 79.21 2015
155 Chad 79.08 2013
156 St. Kitts and Nevis 78.35 2015
157 Madagascar 77.07 2003
158 Guinea 75.66 2014
159 The Gambia 74.78 2016
160 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 74.07 2015
161 Pakistan 73.85 2015
162 Senegal 71.45 2015
163 Central African Republic 70.56 2012
164 Solomon Islands 70.55 2015
165 Burkina Faso 69.10 2015
166 Guinea-Bissau 68.23 2010
167 Syrian Arab Republic 66.66 2013
168 Nigeria 63.84 2010
169 Niger 62.41 2015
170 Mali 55.72 2015
171 Equatorial Guinea 55.69 2015
172 Sudan 53.78 2012
173 Djibouti 53.50 2016
174 Eritrea 38.95 2015
175 Liberia 37.61 2015
176 Dem. Rep. Congo 35.37 1999

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Net enrollment rate for primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students of official school age enrolled in primary education by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual