School enrollment, primary (% net) - Country Ranking

Definition: Net enrollment rate is the ratio of children of official school age who are enrolled in school to the population of the corresponding official school age. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Norway 99.88 2017
2 Canada 99.88 2017
3 Iceland 99.83 2017
4 Iran 99.70 2017
5 Singapore 99.67 2017
6 Malaysia 99.65 2017
7 Uruguay 99.60 2016
8 United Kingdom 99.49 2017
9 Argentina 99.18 2017
10 Sweden 99.18 2017
11 New Zealand 99.12 2017
12 Sri Lanka 99.10 2017
13 Morocco 99.10 2018
14 France 98.93 2017
15 Belgium 98.76 2017
16 Germany 98.66 2017
17 Netherlands 98.65 2017
18 Finland 98.63 2017
19 Denmark 98.54 2017
20 Malta 98.46 2016
21 Tajikistan 98.29 2017
22 Slovenia 98.26 2017
23 Greece 98.22 2017
24 Lithuania 98.18 2017
25 Sierra Leone 98.11 2016
26 Thailand 98.08 2009
27 Libya 98.06 1983
28 Vietnam 97.97 2013
29 Lebanon 97.87 1974
30 Tunisia 97.80 2013
31 Cuba 97.74 2018
32 Saudi Arabia 97.74 2013
33 Mongolia 97.70 2018
34 Myanmar 97.66 2017
35 Malawi 97.65 2009
36 Algeria 97.64 2018
37 Portugal 97.56 2017
38 Cyprus 97.37 2015
39 Costa Rica 97.33 2018
40 Spain 97.27 2017
41 Korea 97.26 2017
42 Benin 97.21 2018
43 Egypt 97.03 2018
44 Israel 97.02 2017
45 Fiji 96.76 2016
46 Bahrain 96.71 2018
47 Barbados 96.69 2018
48 Georgia 96.44 2018
49 Macao SAR, China 96.40 2018
50 Australia 96.38 2017
51 Nepal 96.33 2017
52 Latvia 96.30 2017
53 Brazil 96.30 2017
54 Belize 95.94 2018
55 Poland 95.78 2017
56 Ireland 95.78 2017
57 Montenegro 95.71 2017
58 Antigua and Barbuda 95.70 2018
59 Italy 95.66 2017
60 Peru 95.65 2018
61 Madagascar 95.60 2018
62 Uganda 95.49 2013
63 Hong Kong SAR, China 95.45 2018
64 Dominica 95.42 2016
65 St. Lucia 95.40 2018
66 Mexico 95.30 2017
67 Trinidad and Tobago 95.28 2010
68 Russia 95.10 2017
69 Luxembourg 95.03 2017
70 Belarus 94.93 2018
71 Palau 94.92 2014
72 Nicaragua 94.89 2010
73 Mauritius 94.81 2018
74 Rwanda 94.79 2018
75 Chile 94.74 2017
76 Kiribati 94.69 2017
77 United States 94.63 2017
78 Uzbekistan 94.60 2018
79 Togo 94.55 2018
80 United Arab Emirates 94.55 2016
81 Serbia 94.55 2018
82 Albania 94.53 2018
83 Cameroon 94.49 2016
84 Samoa 94.41 2018
85 Zimbabwe 94.15 2013
86 Qatar 94.09 2018
87 Mozambique 93.93 2018
88 San Marino 93.89 2004
89 St. Kitts and Nevis 93.79 2016
90 Philippines 93.78 2017
91 Nauru 93.70 2016
92 Estonia 93.68 2017
93 Grenada 93.64 2008
94 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.58 2017
95 Indonesia 93.50 2018
96 Cabo Verde 93.42 2018
97 Lesotho 93.31 2017
98 Switzerland 93.20 2017
99 Brunei 93.15 2018
100 Guyana 93.09 2012
101 São Tomé and Principe 93.08 2017
102 Colombia 92.92 2018
103 Dominican Republic 92.87 2017
104 Burundi 92.80 2018
105 Iraq 92.80 2007
106 Azerbaijan 92.42 2018
107 Timor-Leste 92.31 2018
108 India 92.26 2013
109 Seychelles 92.21 2018
110 Liechtenstein 92.12 2016
111 North Macedonia 91.72 2015
112 Ukraine 91.66 2014
113 Ecuador 91.64 2017
114 Lao PDR 91.47 2018
115 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 90.98 2015
116 Gabon 90.91 1997
117 Bolivia 90.88 2017
118 Hungary 90.83 2017
119 Armenia 90.72 2018
120 Bangladesh 90.53 2010
121 Côte d'Ivoire 90.33 2018
122 Cambodia 90.27 2018
123 Kyrgyz Republic 89.86 2018
124 Czech Republic 89.35 2017
125 China 89.35 1997
126 Austria 88.62 2017
127 Bhutan 88.03 2018
128 Turkey 87.90 2017
129 Congo 87.88 2012
130 Botswana 87.66 2014
131 Croatia 87.64 2016
132 Kazakhstan 87.59 2018
133 Bulgaria 87.58 2016
134 Venezuela 87.39 2017
135 Paraguay 87.20 2012
136 South Africa 87.01 2017
137 Guatemala 86.89 2018
138 Moldova 86.31 2018
139 Oman 86.25 2018
140 Panama 86.24 2017
141 Suriname 86.03 2018
142 Tonga 85.94 2015
143 Ethiopia 84.62 2015
144 Ghana 84.48 2018
145 Yemen 84.17 2016
146 Romania 84.11 2016
147 Zambia 83.17 2017
148 Slovak Republic 83.09 2017
149 Kuwait 82.63 2018
150 Eswatini 82.52 2017
151 Tanzania 81.33 2018
152 Jamaica 81.02 2018
153 Jordan 80.86 2018
154 El Salvador 80.23 2017
155 Honduras 80.09 2017
156 Kenya 79.97 2012
157 Vanuatu 79.84 2015
158 Comoros 79.84 2017
159 Mauritania 79.57 2018
160 Burkina Faso 78.65 2018
161 Angola 78.02 2011
162 The Gambia 76.82 2018
163 Puerto Rico 76.27 2016
164 Tuvalu 76.25 2016
165 Guinea 76.02 2016
166 Senegal 75.38 2017
167 The Bahamas 75.36 2016
168 Papua New Guinea 73.65 2016
169 Chad 73.15 2016
170 Guinea-Bissau 71.25 2010
171 Syrian Arab Republic 67.96 2013
172 Pakistan 67.70 2018
173 Solomon Islands 67.47 2018
174 Djibouti 66.48 2019
175 Central African Republic 66.30 2012
176 Niger 65.12 2017
177 Nigeria 64.14 2010
178 Sudan 60.01 2017
179 Mali 58.94 2018
180 Haiti 58.11 1997
181 Eritrea 51.75 2017
182 Liberia 44.26 2017
183 Equatorial Guinea 43.48 2015
184 Dem. Rep. Congo 36.80 1999
185 Afghanistan 26.77 1993
186 Somalia 14.45 1980

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Net enrollment rate for primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students of official school age enrolled in primary education by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual