School enrollment, preprimary, female (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to programs at the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment and to provide a bridge between home and school.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Andorra 173.53 1983
2 Ireland 162.45 2017
3 Australia 161.19 2017
4 Liberia 125.74 2017
5 Ghana 115.55 2018
6 Belgium 115.02 2017
7 Malta 111.71 2016
8 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 111.65 2018
9 Israel 110.76 2017
10 Hong Kong SAR, China 109.34 2018
11 Germany 108.59 2017
12 United Kingdom 106.28 2017
13 France 106.01 2017
14 Liechtenstein 105.67 2016
15 Czech Republic 104.73 2017
16 Austria 103.82 2017
17 Peru 103.48 2018
18 Switzerland 103.11 2017
19 Grenada 101.43 2017
20 Malaysia 100.44 2018
21 Vietnam 99.69 2018
22 Mauritius 98.74 2018
23 San Marino 98.45 2018
24 Cuba 98.42 2018
25 Costa Rica 98.27 2018
26 Dominica 97.20 2016
27 Belarus 96.99 2018
28 Brazil 96.69 2017
29 Seychelles 96.48 2018
30 Sweden 96.08 2017
31 Iceland 95.57 2017
32 Norway 95.54 2017
33 Denmark 95.36 2017
34 Latvia 95.32 2017
35 Korea 95.13 2017
36 Slovak Republic 94.38 2017
37 Netherlands 94.38 2017
38 Macao SAR, China 94.08 2018
39 Uruguay 93.58 2017
40 Guyana 93.32 2012
41 Portugal 93.17 2017
42 Italy 92.83 2017
43 Spain 92.61 2017
44 Estonia 92.01 2017
45 New Zealand 92.00 2016
46 Sri Lanka 91.07 2015
47 Slovenia 90.86 2017
48 Luxembourg 90.83 2017
49 Vanuatu 88.71 2015
50 China 88.37 2018
51 Barbados 87.75 2018
52 Lithuania 87.72 2017
53 Mongolia 86.58 2018
54 Moldova 86.55 2018
55 Suriname 86.37 2018
56 Russia 85.82 2017
57 Solomon Islands 84.86 2018
58 Malawi 84.02 2015
59 Finland 83.43 2017
60 Nepal 83.32 2017
61 Romania 82.95 2016
62 Trinidad and Tobago 82.91 2007
63 Ukraine 82.77 2013
64 United Arab Emirates 81.65 2016
65 Chile 81.00 2017
66 Albania 80.79 2018
67 Hungary 80.76 2017
68 Tuvalu 80.76 2018
69 Poland 80.60 2017
70 St. Kitts and Nevis 80.28 2016
71 Nauru 79.85 2016
72 Cyprus 79.72 2015
73 Algeria 79.71 2011
74 Philippines 78.97 2017
75 Colombia 78.54 2018
76 Palau 77.52 2014
77 St. Lucia 77.48 2018
78 Pakistan 77.13 2018
79 Bulgaria 76.65 2016
80 Argentina 76.63 2017
81 Greece 74.87 2017
82 Jamaica 74.82 2018
83 Mexico 74.75 2017
84 Kenya 74.74 2016
85 Antigua and Barbuda 74.03 2018
86 Bolivia 73.97 2017
87 Cabo Verde 73.52 2018
88 Thailand 73.45 2017
89 United States 73.15 2017
90 Ecuador 72.18 2017
91 Venezuela 70.00 2017
92 El Salvador 65.45 2017
93 Brunei 65.13 2018
94 Canada 64.30 1996
95 Kuwait 64.18 2018
96 Croatia 63.12 2016
97 Panama 62.99 2017
98 Georgia 62.35 2007
99 Serbia 62.09 2018
100 Montenegro 61.85 2017
101 Qatar 60.64 2018
102 Kazakhstan 59.35 2018
103 Indonesia 59.13 2018
104 Turkmenistan 57.05 2014
105 Nicaragua 56.47 2010
106 Iran 54.72 2016
107 Bahrain 54.60 2018
108 Lebanon 53.90 1985
109 Oman 53.62 2018
110 São Tomé and Principe 52.57 2016
111 Samoa 52.55 2018
112 Dominican Republic 51.62 2017
113 Guatemala 51.13 2018
114 Belize 48.67 2018
115 Zimbabwe 47.52 2013
116 Tonga 47.35 2015
117 Lao PDR 47.30 2018
118 Sudan 47.10 2017
119 Morocco 46.86 2018
120 Tunisia 45.02 2016
121 Paraguay 44.05 2016
122 Equatorial Guinea 43.79 2015
123 The Gambia 42.91 2018
124 Papua New Guinea 42.84 2016
125 Bangladesh 41.63 2018
126 Honduras 41.50 2017
127 Nigeria 41.48 2010
128 Madagascar 41.44 2018
129 Tanzania 41.39 2018
130 Lesotho 39.75 2016
131 Kyrgyz Republic 39.73 2018
132 Armenia 39.66 2018
133 Azerbaijan 39.49 2018
134 Angola 37.31 2016
135 North Macedonia 36.29 2015
136 Gabon 35.87 2011
137 Cameroon 34.80 2018
138 Bhutan 34.63 2018
139 The Bahamas 32.54 2016
140 Turkey 31.97 2017
141 Puerto Rico 29.52 2016
142 Ethiopia 28.65 2015
143 Egypt 28.65 2018
144 Eswatini 27.62 2011
145 Uzbekistan 27.44 2018
146 Jordan 27.03 2018
147 Benin 25.87 2018
148 South Africa 24.68 2017
149 Cambodia 24.31 2018
150 Togo 23.16 2018
151 Timor-Leste 22.91 2018
152 Rwanda 22.82 2018
153 Botswana 21.82 2015
154 Saudi Arabia 21.74 2018
155 Eritrea 21.14 2017
156 Comoros 20.77 2017
157 Fiji 18.52 2009
158 Senegal 17.53 2018
159 Burundi 15.66 2018
160 Guinea 15.10 2011
161 Uganda 14.69 2017
162 Sierra Leone 14.64 2018
163 Congo 13.24 2012
164 India 13.15 2017
165 Mauritania 11.72 2015
166 Mozambique 10.70 1986
167 Myanmar 9.86 2017
168 Libya 9.69 2006
169 Tajikistan 9.18 2017
170 Djibouti 8.93 2019
171 Niger 8.33 2018
172 Côte d'Ivoire 8.28 2018
173 Zambia 7.85 2016
174 Mali 7.08 2018
175 Guinea-Bissau 6.90 2010
176 Iraq 6.64 2007
177 Syrian Arab Republic 5.44 2013
178 Dem. Rep. Congo 4.60 2015
179 Burkina Faso 4.35 2018
180 Central African Republic 2.99 2017
181 Afghanistan 2.70 2003
182 Yemen 1.51 2016
183 Chad 0.92 2016
184 Somalia 0.44 1986

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for pre-primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in pre-primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to pre-primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual