School enrollment, preprimary, female (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Preprimary education refers to programs at the initial stage of organized instruction, designed primarily to introduce very young children to a school-type environment and to provide a bridge between home and school.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Andorra 176.12 1983
2 Liberia 153.19 2015
3 Australia 123.07 2015
4 Ghana 119.50 2016
5 Belgium 116.12 2015
6 Malta 113.46 2015
7 Israel 111.05 2015
8 Germany 110.74 2015
9 France 108.69 2014
10 Hong Kong SAR, China 108.38 2011
11 San Marino 107.62 2012
12 Liechtenstein 105.88 2015
13 Mauritius 105.14 2015
14 Czech Republic 104.38 2015
15 Austria 104.22 2015
16 Switzerland 103.89 2015
17 Jamaica 102.68 2015
18 Cuba 102.57 2015
19 Belarus 100.72 2015
20 Solomon Islands 100.03 2015
21 Vanuatu 99.91 2015
22 Papua New Guinea 99.08 2008
23 Ireland 98.75 2015
24 Norway 97.74 2015
25 Italy 97.39 2015
26 Suriname 96.98 2015
27 Iceland 96.94 2013
28 Netherlands 96.65 2015
29 Spain 96.46 2015
30 Nauru 96.27 2014
31 Denmark 96.02 2015
32 Malaysia 95.60 2015
33 Antigua and Barbuda 94.52 2015
34 Angola 94.40 2011
35 Sweden 93.90 2015
36 Korea 93.51 2015
37 Tuvalu 93.49 2015
38 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.46 2015
39 Guyana 93.31 2012
40 New Zealand 93.28 2015
41 Luxembourg 93.17 2014
42 Portugal 92.93 2015
43 Seychelles 92.86 2015
44 Slovak Republic 92.66 2015
45 Sri Lanka 92.62 2015
46 Macao SAR, China 92.31 2015
47 Slovenia 92.18 2014
48 Brazil 91.54 2015
49 Romania 91.03 2015
50 Lithuania 90.51 2015
51 Peru 89.26 2015
52 Uruguay 88.88 2014
53 Dominica 88.22 2015
54 United Kingdom 88.08 2014
55 Latvia 87.68 2015
56 Albania 87.40 2015
57 Estonia 87.15 2012
58 Mongolia 86.33 2012
59 Russia 86.18 2015
60 Chile 85.92 2015
61 Barbados 85.67 2014
62 United Arab Emirates 84.28 2015
63 Japan 84.23 1999
64 Colombia 84.20 2015
65 China 83.93 2015
66 Ukraine 83.54 2013
67 Moldova 83.42 2015
68 Nepal 83.04 2016
69 Trinidad and Tobago 82.89 2007
70 Grenada 82.81 2015
71 Bulgaria 82.20 2015
72 Vietnam 82.03 2015
73 Puerto Rico 82.02 2013
74 Malawi 81.97 2015
75 St. Kitts and Nevis 81.49 2015
76 Kuwait 80.41 2011
77 Cyprus 79.72 2015
78 Algeria 79.48 2011
79 Finland 79.12 2015
80 Poland 78.95 2014
81 Hungary 78.23 2015
82 South Africa 78.18 2014
83 Palau 77.08 2014
84 Kenya 75.64 2015
85 Venezuela 75.60 2015
86 Lebanon 75.26 2015
87 Canada 73.34 2013
88 Argentina 73.28 2014
89 Cabo Verde 73.21 2015
90 El Salvador 73.05 2015
91 Ecuador 72.88 2016
92 Brunei 72.80 2015
93 Bolivia 70.87 2015
94 United States 70.14 2015
95 Mexico 69.78 2014
96 Georgia 68.11 2007
97 Pakistan 67.27 2015
98 Thailand 64.22 2015
99 Turkmenistan 61.91 2014
100 Croatia 61.49 2015
101 Kazakhstan 59.85 2016
102 Qatar 59.54 2015
103 St. Lucia 59.36 2015
104 Nicaragua 59.24 2010
105 Indonesia 59.13 2014
106 Equatorial Guinea 57.95 2015
107 Serbia 57.80 2015
108 São Tomé and Principe 56.44 2016
109 Oman 56.35 2015
110 Philippines 55.63 2009
111 Bahrain 55.37 2015
112 Montenegro 53.56 2015
113 Armenia 53.18 2015
114 Costa Rica 52.14 2015
115 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 51.09 2015
116 Morocco 50.69 2015
117 Belize 50.32 2015
118 Iran 50.18 2015
119 Greece 48.90 2014
120 Panama 48.66 2014
121 Sudan 48.43 2013
122 Honduras 46.86 2015
123 Dominican Republic 45.12 2015
124 Guatemala 44.83 2015
125 Tunisia 43.94 2015
126 Zimbabwe 42.90 2013
127 Samoa 42.19 2015
128 Nigeria 41.46 2010
129 The Gambia 38.88 2015
130 Tonga 38.23 2014
131 Cameroon 38.07 2015
132 Gabon 37.81 2011
133 Paraguay 37.78 2012
134 Macedonia 36.26 2015
135 Lao PDR 36.10 2015
136 Lesotho 34.59 2015
137 The Bahamas 32.52 2002
138 Tanzania 32.17 2015
139 Jordan 31.54 2015
140 Bangladesh 31.49 2015
141 Egypt 30.02 2014
142 Ethiopia 29.53 2015
143 Turkey 28.08 2015
144 Kyrgyz Republic 27.64 2015
145 Bhutan 26.65 2016
146 Swaziland 25.65 2011
147 Uzbekistan 25.53 2016
148 Benin 24.16 2015
149 Azerbaijan 24.06 2015
150 Myanmar 23.89 2014
151 Namibia 21.82 2013
152 Comoros 21.24 2014
153 Timor-Leste 19.56 2015
154 Madagascar 18.73 2015
155 Fiji 18.54 2009
156 Cambodia 18.54 2015
157 Rwanda 18.32 2015
158 Botswana 18.21 2013
159 Saudi Arabia 17.82 2015
160 Togo 17.78 2015
161 Senegal 15.78 2015
162 Guinea 14.87 2011
163 Congo 13.83 2012
164 Eritrea 13.10 2015
165 Burundi 12.75 2015
166 Mauritania 11.85 2015
167 Uganda 11.84 2015
168 India 11.79 2015
169 Sierra Leone 10.70 2015
170 Tajikistan 10.30 2016
171 Mozambique 10.13 1986
172 Libya 9.77 2006
173 Niger 7.59 2015
174 Côte d'Ivoire 7.19 2015
175 Guinea-Bissau 6.63 2010
176 Iraq 6.63 2007
177 Syrian Arab Republic 5.77 2013
178 Central African Republic 5.64 2011
179 Djibouti 5.39 2016
180 Dem. Rep. Congo 4.32 2014
181 Mali 4.18 2015
182 Burkina Faso 4.14 2015
183 Yemen 1.26 2013
184 Chad 0.76 2013
185 Afghanistan 0.67 2003
186 Somalia 0.46 1986

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for pre-primary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in pre-primary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to pre-primary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual