School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gender parity index for gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education is the ratio of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Tuvalu 1.13 2015
2 Qatar 1.12 2015
3 Bangladesh 1.10 2015
4 Suriname 1.09 2015
5 Sweden 1.09 2015
6 Belgium 1.08 2015
7 Nepal 1.08 2016
8 South Africa 1.07 2014
9 Kiribati 1.07 2008
10 India 1.07 2015
11 Senegal 1.06 2015
12 Lesotho 1.06 2015
13 Kuwait 1.06 2014
14 Libya 1.06 2006
15 Fiji 1.06 2012
16 Honduras 1.06 2015
17 Finland 1.06 2015
18 Oman 1.05 2015
19 Malta 1.05 2015
20 Samoa 1.05 2015
21 Seychelles 1.05 2015
22 United Arab Emirates 1.05 1998
23 Malaysia 1.04 2015
24 Puerto Rico 1.04 2014
25 Azerbaijan 1.04 1997
26 Bhutan 1.04 2014
27 Uruguay 1.04 2014
28 Tonga 1.04 2014
29 St. Kitts and Nevis 1.04 2015
30 The Bahamas 1.04 2010
31 Nicaragua 1.04 2010
32 Croatia 1.03 2015
33 Mauritius 1.03 2015
34 Philippines 1.03 2013
35 Namibia 1.03 2007
36 New Zealand 1.03 2015
37 Argentina 1.03 2014
38 Iran 1.03 2015
39 Jordan 1.03 2014
40 Mexico 1.03 2014
41 Rwanda 1.03 2015
42 Cabo Verde 1.03 2015
43 Andorra 1.03 1983
44 United Kingdom 1.02 2014
45 Jamaica 1.02 2004
46 Mauritania 1.02 2015
47 Ecuador 1.02 2016
48 São Tomé and Principe 1.02 2016
49 Colombia 1.02 2015
50 Barbados 1.02 2014
51 Ireland 1.02 2015
52 Timor-Leste 1.02 2015
53 Brazil 1.02 2015
54 Sri Lanka 1.02 2013
55 Iceland 1.02 2013
56 Costa Rica 1.02 2015
57 Kazakhstan 1.02 2016
58 Luxembourg 1.02 2014
59 Venezuela 1.01 2015
60 Panama 1.01 2014
61 Denmark 1.01 2015
62 China 1.01 2015
63 Botswana 1.01 2008
64 St. Lucia 1.01 2007
65 Georgia 1.01 2015
66 San Marino 1.01 2012
67 Trinidad and Tobago 1.01 2004
68 Paraguay 1.01 2012
69 Tunisia 1.01 2011
70 Serbia 1.01 2015
71 Israel 1.01 2015
72 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 1.01 2015
73 Czech Republic 1.01 2015
74 Vanuatu 1.01 2015
75 Armenia 1.01 2015
76 United States 1.01 2014
77 Canada 1.01 2013
78 Kyrgyz Republic 1.00 2015
79 Netherlands 1.00 2015
80 Bahrain 1.00 2015
81 Spain 1.00 2015
82 France 1.00 2014
83 Brunei 1.00 2015
84 Mongolia 1.00 2015
85 Congo 1.00 2012
86 Slovak Republic 1.00 2015
87 Japan 1.00 2014
88 Moldova 1.00 2015
89 Peru 1.00 2015
90 Hungary 1.00 2015
91 Slovenia 1.00 2014
92 The Gambia 1.00 2010
93 Cuba 1.00 2015
94 Estonia 1.00 2015
95 Ghana 1.00 2016
96 Cyprus 1.00 2015
97 Tanzania 1.00 2013
98 Ukraine 1.00 2014
99 Egypt 1.00 2014
100 Malawi 0.99 2015
101 Myanmar 0.99 2014
102 Montenegro 0.99 2015
103 Korea 0.99 2015
104 Belarus 0.99 2015
105 Latvia 0.99 2015
106 Chile 0.99 2015
107 Algeria 0.99 2011
108 Russia 0.99 2015
109 Romania 0.99 2015
110 Madagascar 0.99 2014
111 Palau 0.99 2016
112 Macao SAR, China 0.99 2015
113 Syrian Arab Republic 0.99 2013
114 Dominican Republic 0.99 2015
115 Indonesia 0.99 2015
116 Italy 0.98 2015
117 Norway 0.98 2015
118 Dominica 0.98 2015
119 Burundi 0.98 2015
120 Macedonia 0.98 2015
121 Zimbabwe 0.98 2013
122 Poland 0.98 2014
123 Turkey 0.98 2015
124 Uzbekistan 0.98 2016
125 Belize 0.98 2015
126 Comoros 0.98 2014
127 Switzerland 0.98 2015
128 Uganda 0.98 2007
129 Guyana 0.98 2012
130 El Salvador 0.98 2015
131 Bolivia 0.98 2015
132 Grenada 0.98 2015
133 Antigua and Barbuda 0.98 2015
134 Bulgaria 0.98 2015
135 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.97 2015
136 Lithuania 0.97 2015
137 Turkmenistan 0.97 2014
138 Gabon 0.97 1999
139 Solomon Islands 0.97 2012
140 Sierra Leone 0.97 2015
141 Australia 0.97 2014
142 Portugal 0.97 2015
143 Greece 0.97 2014
144 Nigeria 0.96 2013
145 Austria 0.96 2015
146 Nauru 0.96 2014
147 Germany 0.96 2015
148 Kenya 0.95 2009
149 Guatemala 0.95 2015
150 Burkina Faso 0.95 2015
151 Albania 0.95 2015
152 Lebanon 0.94 2015
153 Lao PDR 0.94 2015
154 Thailand 0.94 2015
155 Swaziland 0.94 2014
156 Tajikistan 0.93 2013
157 Vietnam 0.93 1998
158 Ethiopia 0.92 2015
159 Mozambique 0.92 2015
160 Cambodia 0.91 2008
161 Morocco 0.91 2012
162 Sudan 0.91 2013
163 Equatorial Guinea 0.89 2005
164 Cameroon 0.88 2015
165 Mali 0.88 2015
166 Saudi Arabia 0.88 2014
167 Papua New Guinea 0.88 2012
168 Zambia 0.87 1988
169 Liberia 0.87 2015
170 Eritrea 0.86 2015
171 Djibouti 0.85 2016
172 Liechtenstein 0.85 2015
173 Benin 0.85 2015
174 Pakistan 0.83 2015
175 Côte d'Ivoire 0.83 2015
176 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.83 2014
177 Niger 0.82 2015
178 Iraq 0.81 2007
179 Yemen 0.79 2013
180 Guinea 0.79 2014
181 Togo 0.76 2007
182 Central African Republic 0.70 2012
183 Chad 0.70 2012
184 Afghanistan 0.65 2015
185 Guinea-Bissau 0.65 2000
186 Angola 0.64 2011
187 Somalia 0.54 2007

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: The Gender Parity Index (GPI) indicates parity between girls and boys. A GPI of less than 1 suggests girls are more disadvantaged than boys in learning opportunities and a GPI of greater than 1 suggests the other way around. Eliminating gender disparities in education would help increase the status and capabilities of women.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: This indicator is calculated by dividing female gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education by male gross enrollment ratio in primary and secondary education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual