GNI, Atlas method (current US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current U.S. dollars. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S. dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies, although an alternative rate is used when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate actually applied in international transactions. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, a special Atlas method of conversion is used by the World Bank. This applies a conversion factor that averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country, and through 2000, the G-5 countries (France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States). From 2001, these countries include the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 20,636,300,000,000.00 2018
2 China 13,181,400,000,000.00 2018
3 Japan 5,226,600,000,000.00 2018
4 Germany 3,905,320,000,000.00 2018
5 United Kingdom 2,777,410,000,000.00 2018
6 France 2,752,030,000,000.00 2018
7 India 2,727,890,000,000.00 2018
8 Italy 2,038,380,000,000.00 2018
9 Brazil 1,915,280,000,000.00 2018
10 Canada 1,665,570,000,000.00 2018
11 Korea 1,580,110,000,000.00 2018
12 Russia 1,501,660,000,000.00 2018
13 Spain 1,370,990,000,000.00 2018
14 Australia 1,330,440,000,000.00 2018
15 Mexico 1,159,050,000,000.00 2018
16 Indonesia 1,026,760,000,000.00 2018
17 Netherlands 883,236,000,000.00 2018
18 Turkey 858,101,000,000.00 2018
19 Saudi Arabia 727,800,000,000.00 2018
20 Switzerland 718,905,000,000.00 2018
21 Sweden 565,107,000,000.00 2018
22 Argentina 551,171,000,000.00 2018
23 Poland 535,535,000,000.00 2018
24 Belgium 524,408,000,000.00 2018
25 Thailand 458,655,000,000.00 2018
26 Iran 441,046,000,000.00 2017
27 Austria 436,267,000,000.00 2018
28 Norway 428,375,000,000.00 2018
29 Philippines 408,840,000,000.00 2018
30 United Arab Emirates 393,687,000,000.00 2018
31 Venezuela 392,925,000,000.00 2014
32 Nigeria 384,803,000,000.00 2018
33 Hong Kong SAR, China 374,761,000,000.00 2018
34 Israel 363,556,000,000.00 2018
35 Denmark 348,631,000,000.00 2018
36 Pakistan 337,060,000,000.00 2018
37 Malaysia 333,843,000,000.00 2018
38 South Africa 332,318,000,000.00 2018
39 Singapore 331,373,000,000.00 2018
40 Colombia 306,905,000,000.00 2018
41 Ireland 297,936,000,000.00 2018
42 Bangladesh 282,036,000,000.00 2018
43 Egypt 275,406,000,000.00 2018
44 Chile 274,752,000,000.00 2018
45 Finland 266,399,000,000.00 2018
46 Portugal 226,063,000,000.00 2018
47 Vietnam 225,882,000,000.00 2018
48 Romania 219,906,000,000.00 2018
49 Czech Republic 215,038,000,000.00 2018
50 Greece 212,047,000,000.00 2018
51 Peru 207,102,000,000.00 2018
52 New Zealand 198,566,000,000.00 2018
53 Iraq 193,558,000,000.00 2018
54 Qatar 170,097,000,000.00 2018
55 Algeria 162,343,000,000.00 2017
56 Kazakhstan 147,573,000,000.00 2018
57 Hungary 144,336,000,000.00 2018
58 Kuwait 141,863,000,000.00 2018
59 Morocco 112,915,000,000.00 2018
60 Ukraine 112,498,000,000.00 2018
61 Ecuador 104,383,000,000.00 2018
62 Angola 103,840,000,000.00 2018
63 Slovak Republic 99,471,790,000.00 2018
64 Sri Lanka 87,896,170,000.00 2018
65 Ethiopia 86,692,450,000.00 2018
66 Cuba 84,811,580,000.00 2016
67 Kenya 83,062,870,000.00 2018
68 Dominican Republic 82,507,630,000.00 2018
69 Guatemala 75,940,720,000.00 2018
70 Oman 73,109,400,000.00 2018
71 Myanmar 70,246,190,000.00 2018
72 Puerto Rico 67,412,090,000.00 2018
73 Uzbekistan 66,508,640,000.00 2018
74 Sudan 65,214,050,000.00 2018
75 Ghana 63,356,190,000.00 2018
76 Bulgaria 62,262,010,000.00 2018
77 Panama 60,023,540,000.00 2018
78 Costa Rica 57,572,720,000.00 2018
79 Croatia 57,235,670,000.00 2018
80 Tanzania 55,700,770,000.00 2018
81 Lebanon 54,240,390,000.00 2018
82 Uruguay 53,972,910,000.00 2018
83 Belarus 53,816,830,000.00 2018
84 Slovenia 50,818,620,000.00 2018
85 Macao SAR, China 49,971,150,000.00 2018
86 Lithuania 48,634,200,000.00 2018
87 Serbia 44,641,960,000.00 2018
88 Luxembourg 43,068,740,000.00 2018
89 Libya 42,771,030,000.00 2018
90 Jordan 41,836,920,000.00 2018
91 Dem. Rep. Congo 41,538,870,000.00 2018
92 Tunisia 40,452,510,000.00 2018
93 Azerbaijan 40,259,870,000.00 2018
94 Côte d'Ivoire 40,218,180,000.00 2018
95 Turkmenistan 39,438,270,000.00 2018
96 Paraguay 39,417,700,000.00 2018
97 Bolivia 38,203,750,000.00 2018
98 Yemen 37,723,820,000.00 2014
99 Cameroon 36,356,260,000.00 2018
100 Syrian Arab Republic 36,176,000,000.00 2007
101 Bahrain 34,361,640,000.00 2018
102 Latvia 31,803,870,000.00 2018
103 Estonia 27,929,610,000.00 2018
104 Nepal 27,201,710,000.00 2018
105 Uganda 26,688,330,000.00 2018
106 Zimbabwe 25,806,090,000.00 2018
107 Cyprus 24,858,680,000.00 2018
108 Zambia 24,769,380,000.00 2018
109 El Salvador 24,510,580,000.00 2018
110 Iceland 24,028,830,000.00 2018
111 Honduras 22,528,210,000.00 2018
112 Cambodia 22,525,030,000.00 2018
113 Senegal 22,388,450,000.00 2018
114 Trinidad and Tobago 22,171,400,000.00 2018
115 Papua New Guinea 22,111,660,000.00 2018
116 Afghanistan 20,316,590,000.00 2018
117 Bosnia and Herzegovina 19,078,000,000.00 2018
118 Botswana 17,468,900,000.00 2018
119 Lao PDR 17,318,310,000.00 2018
120 Georgia 16,570,960,000.00 2018
121 Mali 15,994,140,000.00 2018
122 Mauritius 15,244,400,000.00 2018
123 Jamaica 14,582,300,000.00 2018
124 Gabon 14,464,240,000.00 2018
125 Albania 13,933,200,000.00 2018
126 Mozambique 13,588,600,000.00 2018
127 Madagascar 13,267,180,000.00 2018
128 Burkina Faso 13,256,860,000.00 2018
129 Nicaragua 13,120,400,000.00 2018
130 Malta 12,804,450,000.00 2018
131 Namibia 12,783,640,000.00 2018
132 Brunei 12,722,800,000.00 2018
133 Armenia 12,474,730,000.00 2018
134 The Bahamas 11,771,630,000.00 2018
135 Mongolia 11,597,430,000.00 2018
136 North Macedonia 11,360,190,000.00 2018
137 Guinea 10,587,620,000.00 2018
138 Moldova 10,553,250,000.00 2018
139 Chad 10,439,630,000.00 2018
140 Benin 10,029,260,000.00 2018
141 Rwanda 9,646,120,000.00 2018
142 Tajikistan 9,202,465,000.00 2018
143 Equatorial Guinea 8,953,482,000.00 2018
144 Haiti 8,913,583,000.00 2018
145 Niger 8,682,726,000.00 2018
146 Congo 8,613,989,000.00 2018
147 Kyrgyz Republic 7,700,207,000.00 2018
148 Malawi 6,506,600,000.00 2018
149 Montenegro 5,248,475,000.00 2018
150 Togo 5,182,208,000.00 2018
151 Fiji 5,178,577,000.00 2018
152 Mauritania 5,129,075,000.00 2018
153 Eswatini 4,459,564,000.00 2018
154 Barbados 4,417,328,000.00 2018
155 Liechtenstein 4,159,695,000.00 2009
156 Sierra Leone 3,739,207,000.00 2018
157 Guyana 3,717,845,000.00 2018
158 Burundi 3,135,448,000.00 2018
159 Djibouti 3,063,661,000.00 2018
160 Suriname 3,000,247,000.00 2018
161 New Caledonia 2,989,345,000.00 2000
162 Cayman Islands 2,987,731,000.00 2017
163 Lesotho 2,921,767,000.00 2018
164 Liberia 2,919,787,000.00 2018
165 Bhutan 2,326,292,000.00 2018
166 Eritrea 2,313,034,000.00 2011
167 Timor-Leste 2,304,337,000.00 2018
168 Central African Republic 2,296,441,000.00 2018
169 Greenland 1,967,920,000.00 2007
170 Cabo Verde 1,859,911,000.00 2018
171 St. Lucia 1,739,539,000.00 2018
172 Belize 1,713,221,000.00 2018
173 The Gambia 1,616,309,000.00 2018
174 Antigua and Barbuda 1,530,377,000.00 2018
175 Seychelles 1,509,180,000.00 2018
176 Guinea-Bissau 1,396,397,000.00 2018
177 Solomon Islands 1,317,140,000.00 2018
178 Comoros 1,145,391,000.00 2018
179 Grenada 1,075,324,000.00 2018
180 St. Kitts and Nevis 961,531,500.00 2018
181 Somalia 959,218,700.00 1990
182 Vanuatu 915,473,100.00 2018
183 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 808,595,300.00 2018
184 Samoa 789,415,200.00 2018
185 Dominica 508,130,300.00 2018
186 Tonga 443,326,100.00 2018
187 São Tomé and Principe 398,917,800.00 2018
188 Kiribati 363,781,400.00 2018
189 Palau 309,386,000.00 2018
190 Nauru 153,220,800.00 2018
191 Tuvalu 62,533,480.00 2018

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Development Relevance: Because development encompasses many factors - economic, environmental, cultural, educational, and institutional - no single measure gives a complete picture. However, the total earnings of the residents of an economy, measured by its gross national income (GNI), is a good measure of its capacity to provide for the well-being of its people.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: In calculating GNI and GNI per capita in U.S. dollars for certain operational purposes, the World Bank uses the Atlas conversion factor. The purpose of the Atlas conversion factor is to reduce the impact of exchange rate fluctuations in the cross-country comparison of national incomes. The Atlas conversion factor for any year is the average of a country's exchange rate (or alternative conversion factor) for that year and its exchange rates for the two preceding years, adjusted for the difference between the rate of inflation in the country and that in Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Euro area. A country's inflation rate is measured by the change in its GDP deflator. The inflation rate for Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Euro area, representing international inflation, is measured by the change in the SDR deflator. (Special drawing rights, or SDRs, are the International Monetary Fund's unit of account.) The SDR deflator is calculated as a weighted average of these countries' GDP deflators in SDR terms, the weights being the amount of each country's currency in one SDR unit. Weights vary over time because both the composition of the SDR and the relative exchange rates for each currency change. The SDR deflator is calculated in SDR terms first and then converted to U.S. dollars using the SDR to dollar Atlas conversion factor. The Atlas conversion factor is then applied to a country's GNI. The resulting GNI in U.S. dollars is divided by the midyear population to derive GNI per capita. The World Bank systematically assesses the appropriateness of official exchange rates as conversion factors. An alternative conversion factor is used in the Atlas formula when the official exchange rate is judged to diverge by an exceptionally large margin from the rate effectively applied to domestic transactions of foreign currencies and traded products. This applies to only a small number of countries, as shown in the country-level metadata. Alternative conversion factors are used in the Atlas methodology and elsewhere in World Development Indicators as single-year conversion factors.

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Periodicity: Annual