Coal rents (% of GDP) - Country Ranking

Definition: Coal rents are the difference between the value of both hard and soft coal production at world prices and their total costs of production.

Source: Estimates based on sources and methods described in "The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium" (World Bank, 2011).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Mongolia 9.63 2017
2 Mozambique 4.55 2017
3 South Africa 2.13 2017
4 India 0.97 2017
5 Kazakhstan 0.89 2017
6 Indonesia 0.83 2017
7 Australia 0.79 2017
8 Colombia 0.74 2017
9 China 0.53 2017
10 Zimbabwe 0.49 2017
11 Russia 0.44 2017
12 Ukraine 0.41 2017
13 Botswana 0.36 2017
14 Vietnam 0.32 2017
15 Tajikistan 0.32 2017
16 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.31 2017
17 Afghanistan 0.30 2017
18 Serbia 0.28 2017
19 Poland 0.27 2017
20 Lao PDR 0.19 2012
21 United States 0.18 2017
22 Kyrgyz Republic 0.16 2017
23 Bulgaria 0.15 2017
24 Czech Republic 0.15 2017
25 Montenegro 0.10 2017
26 North Macedonia 0.10 2017
27 Eswatini 0.10 2017
28 Canada 0.09 2017
29 Philippines 0.06 2017
30 Pakistan 0.05 2017
31 Uzbekistan 0.05 2017
32 Niger 0.04 2017
33 Zambia 0.04 2017
34 Greece 0.03 2017
35 Romania 0.03 2017
36 Tanzania 0.03 2017
37 Turkey 0.03 2017
38 Slovenia 0.03 2017
39 New Zealand 0.03 2017
40 Thailand 0.03 2017
41 Mexico 0.02 2017
42 Bangladesh 0.02 2017
43 Malawi 0.02 2017
44 Malaysia 0.02 2017
45 Germany 0.02 2017
46 Chile 0.01 2017
47 Hungary 0.01 2017
48 Myanmar 0.01 2017
49 Georgia 0.01 2017
50 Albania 0.01 2017
51 Slovak Republic 0.01 2017
52 Venezuela 0.01 2014
53 Brazil 0.01 2017
54 Iran 0.01 2017
55 Nepal 0.00 2017
56 Peru 0.00 2017
57 United Kingdom 0.00 2017
58 Spain 0.00 2017
59 Korea 0.00 2017
60 Norway 0.00 2017
61 Japan 0.00 2017
62 Nigeria 0.00 2017
63 Argentina 0.00 2017
64 Belarus 0.00 2017
64 Ecuador 0.00 2017
64 Ethiopia 0.00 2017
64 Croatia 0.00 2017
64 Malta 0.00 2017
64 Trinidad and Tobago 0.00 2017
64 Uganda 0.00 2017
64 Bolivia 0.00 2017
64 Bahrain 0.00 2017
64 Samoa 0.00 2017
64 Burundi 0.00 2017
64 Cameroon 0.00 2017
64 Fiji 0.00 2017
64 Israel 0.00 2017
64 Italy 0.00 2017
64 Moldova 0.00 2017
64 New Caledonia 0.00 2000
64 Paraguay 0.00 2017
64 Suriname 0.00 2017
64 Yemen 0.00 2017
64 Cuba 0.00 2017
64 St. Lucia 0.00 2017
64 Morocco 0.00 2017
64 Madagascar 0.00 2017
64 Panama 0.00 2017
64 Ghana 0.00 2017
64 Kuwait 0.00 2017
64 Namibia 0.00 2017
64 Nauru 0.00 2012
64 Eritrea 0.00 2011
64 Estonia 0.00 2017
64 Gabon 0.00 2017
64 Guyana 0.00 2017
64 Haiti 0.00 2017
64 Cambodia 0.00 2017
64 Luxembourg 0.00 2017
64 Ireland 0.00 2017
64 Iceland 0.00 2017
64 St. Kitts and Nevis 0.00 2017
64 Latvia 0.00 2017
64 Austria 0.00 2017
64 Cayman Islands 0.00 2006
64 Honduras 0.00 2017
64 Saudi Arabia 0.00 2017
64 Sudan 0.00 2017
64 Tonga 0.00 2017
64 Senegal 0.00 2017
64 El Salvador 0.00 2017
64 Angola 0.00 2017
64 Antigua and Barbuda 0.00 2017
64 Burkina Faso 0.00 2017
64 Bhutan 0.00 2017
64 Cabo Verde 0.00 2017
64 Dominica 0.00 2017
64 Dominican Republic 0.00 2017
64 France 0.00 2017
64 Liberia 0.00 2017
64 Lesotho 0.00 2017
64 Papua New Guinea 0.00 2017
64 Sweden 0.00 2017
64 Mauritania 0.00 2017
64 Solomon Islands 0.00 2017
64 Somalia 0.00 2017
64 Togo 0.00 2017
64 Timor-Leste 0.00 2017
64 The Bahamas 0.00 2017
64 Barbados 0.00 2017
64 Central African Republic 0.00 2017
64 Djibouti 0.00 2017
64 Turkmenistan 0.00 2017
64 Comoros 0.00 2017
64 The Gambia 0.00 2017
64 Sri Lanka 0.00 2017
64 Qatar 0.00 2017
64 Rwanda 0.00 2017
64 Singapore 0.00 2017
64 Chad 0.00 2017
64 Armenia 0.00 2017
64 Azerbaijan 0.00 2017
64 Belgium 0.00 2017
64 Belize 0.00 2017
64 Brunei 0.00 2017
64 Costa Rica 0.00 2017
64 Oman 0.00 2017
64 Netherlands 0.00 2017
64 Guinea 0.00 2017
64 Greenland 0.00 2016
64 Kiribati 0.00 2017
64 Libya 0.00 2017
64 Macao SAR, China 0.00 2017
64 Benin 0.00 2017
64 Portugal 0.00 2017
64 Sierra Leone 0.00 2017
64 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.00 2017
64 Nicaragua 0.00 2017
64 Vanuatu 0.00 2017
64 Denmark 0.00 2017
64 Egypt 0.00 2017
64 Guatemala 0.00 2017
64 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.00 2017
64 Kenya 0.00 2017
64 Côte d'Ivoire 0.00 2017
64 Congo 0.00 2017
64 Jordan 0.00 2017
64 Lebanon 0.00 2017
64 Lithuania 0.00 2017
64 Switzerland 0.00 2017
64 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.00 2017
64 Mali 0.00 2017
64 Guinea-Bissau 0.00 2017
64 Grenada 0.00 2017
64 Iraq 0.00 2017
64 Jamaica 0.00 2017
64 Mauritius 0.00 2017
64 Cyprus 0.00 2017
64 Algeria 0.00 2017
64 Finland 0.00 2017
64 Uruguay 0.00 2017
64 Puerto Rico 0.00 2016
64 United Arab Emirates 0.00 2017
64 Tunisia 0.00 2017
64 São Tomé and Principe 0.00 2017
64 Seychelles 0.00 2017
64 Syrian Arab Republic 0.00 2007
64 Equatorial Guinea 0.00 2017

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Development Relevance: Accounting for the contribution of natural resources to economic output is important in building an analytical framework for sustainable development. In some countries earnings from natural resources, especially from fossil fuels and minerals, account for a sizable share of GDP, and much of these earnings come in the form of economic rents - revenues above the cost of extracting the resources. Natural resources give rise to economic rents because they are not produced. For produced goods and services competitive forces expand supply until economic profits are driven to zero, but natural resources in fixed supply often command returns well in excess of their cost of production. Rents from nonrenewable resources - fossil fuels and minerals - as well as rents from overharvesting of forests indicate the liquidation of a country's capital stock. When countries use such rents to support current consumption rather than to invest in new capital to replace what is being used up, they are, in effect, borrowing against their future.

Limitations and Exceptions: This definition of economic rent differs from that used in the System of National Accounts, where rents are a form of property income, consisting of payments to landowners by a tenant for the use of the land or payments to the owners of subsoil assets by institutional units permitting them to extract subsoil deposits.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The estimates of natural resources rents are calculated as the difference between the price of a commodity and the average cost of producing it. This is done by estimating the world price of units of specific commodities and subtracting estimates of average unit costs of extraction or harvesting costs (including a normal return on capital). These unit rents are then multiplied by the physical quantities countries extract or harvest to determine the rents for each commodity as a share of gross domestic product (GDP).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual