Adjusted net national income (current US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on sources and methods described in "The Changing Wealth of Nations 2018: Building a Sustainable Future" (Lange et al 2018).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 16,740,200,000,000.00 2017
2 China 9,105,740,000,000.00 2017
3 Japan 3,943,980,000,000.00 2017
4 Germany 3,123,730,000,000.00 2017
5 United Kingdom 2,257,270,000,000.00 2017
6 India 2,246,940,000,000.00 2017
7 France 2,184,600,000,000.00 2017
8 Brazil 1,745,210,000,000.00 2017
9 Italy 1,606,480,000,000.00 2017
10 Canada 1,344,760,000,000.00 2017
11 Russia 1,251,000,000,000.00 2017
12 Korea 1,236,630,000,000.00 2017
13 Spain 1,081,730,000,000.00 2017
14 Australia 1,020,720,000,000.00 2017
15 Mexico 900,513,000,000.00 2017
16 Indonesia 776,603,000,000.00 2017
17 Turkey 701,692,000,000.00 2017
18 Netherlands 694,587,000,000.00 2017
19 Saudi Arabia 557,784,000,000.00 2017
20 Argentina 544,654,000,000.00 2017
21 Switzerland 543,512,000,000.00 2017
22 Sweden 454,196,000,000.00 2017
23 Venezuela 443,322,000,000.00 2014
24 Poland 442,422,000,000.00 2017
25 Belgium 407,275,000,000.00 2017
26 United Arab Emirates 354,579,000,000.00 2017
27 Philippines 345,865,000,000.00 2017
28 Thailand 343,824,000,000.00 2017
29 Iran 341,893,000,000.00 2017
30 Austria 340,888,000,000.00 2017
31 Norway 326,461,000,000.00 2017
32 Nigeria 306,208,000,000.00 2017
33 Israel 304,526,000,000.00 2017
34 Pakistan 303,689,000,000.00 2017
35 South Africa 281,675,000,000.00 2017
36 Denmark 278,259,000,000.00 2017
37 Singapore 264,706,000,000.00 2017
38 Colombia 255,603,000,000.00 2017
39 Malaysia 242,745,000,000.00 2017
40 Bangladesh 236,925,000,000.00 2017
41 Chile 209,701,000,000.00 2017
42 Egypt 208,956,000,000.00 2017
43 Finland 208,369,000,000.00 2017
44 Vietnam 184,333,000,000.00 2017
45 Ireland 182,624,000,000.00 2017
46 Portugal 177,046,000,000.00 2017
47 Peru 170,426,000,000.00 2017
48 Greece 169,712,000,000.00 2017
49 New Zealand 167,596,000,000.00 2017
50 Romania 165,160,000,000.00 2017
51 Czech Republic 158,943,000,000.00 2017
52 Iraq 148,096,000,000.00 2017
53 Algeria 134,833,000,000.00 2017
54 Qatar 130,603,000,000.00 2017
55 Kuwait 116,158,000,000.00 2017
56 Kazakhstan 115,039,000,000.00 2017
57 Hungary 111,081,000,000.00 2017
58 Ukraine 99,119,890,000.00 2017
59 Morocco 94,571,930,000.00 2017
60 Sudan 91,451,540,000.00 2017
61 Ecuador 84,284,350,000.00 2017
62 Sri Lanka 78,480,830,000.00 2017
63 Cuba 74,991,660,000.00 2015
64 Slovak Republic 74,982,390,000.00 2017
65 Dominican Republic 67,889,780,000.00 2017
66 Kenya 66,332,210,000.00 2017
67 Angola 64,054,510,000.00 2017
68 Guatemala 64,027,190,000.00 2017
69 Myanmar 60,584,500,000.00 2017
70 Ethiopia 59,545,260,000.00 2017
71 Panama 51,377,250,000.00 2017
72 Costa Rica 51,117,090,000.00 2017
73 Bulgaria 50,265,580,000.00 2017
74 Uruguay 48,749,880,000.00 2017
75 Belarus 47,300,010,000.00 2017
76 Tanzania 46,730,650,000.00 2017
77 Oman 46,364,430,000.00 2017
78 Uzbekistan 44,470,020,000.00 2017
79 Croatia 44,450,760,000.00 2017
80 Lebanon 43,039,010,000.00 2017
81 Slovenia 38,036,500,000.00 2017
82 Ghana 37,112,620,000.00 2017
83 Luxembourg 36,309,660,000.00 2017
84 Jordan 36,288,630,000.00 2017
85 Côte d'Ivoire 33,406,010,000.00 2016
86 Paraguay 33,108,380,000.00 2017
87 Libya 32,830,540,000.00 2017
88 Lithuania 32,585,370,000.00 2009
89 Serbia 31,902,600,000.00 2017
90 Syrian Arab Republic 31,864,100,000.00 2007
91 Azerbaijan 31,007,240,000.00 2017
92 Bahrain 30,276,000,000.00 2017
93 Tunisia 30,205,420,000.00 2017
94 Yemen 29,518,690,000.00 2017
95 Bolivia 29,443,370,000.00 2017
96 Cameroon 29,052,420,000.00 2017
97 Dem. Rep. Congo 28,245,840,000.00 2017
98 Hong Kong SAR, China 26,987,700,000.00 1980
99 Latvia 23,999,980,000.00 2017
100 Nepal 23,173,620,000.00 2017
101 Estonia 21,923,750,000.00 2017
102 El Salvador 20,702,090,000.00 2017
103 Iceland 20,473,340,000.00 2017
104 Honduras 19,761,210,000.00 2017
105 Zambia 19,034,440,000.00 2017
106 Cyprus 18,460,260,000.00 2017
107 Cambodia 18,434,700,000.00 2017
108 Turkmenistan 18,141,420,000.00 2011
109 Senegal 17,874,130,000.00 2017
110 Uganda 17,612,790,000.00 2017
111 Trinidad and Tobago 17,519,850,000.00 2017
112 Afghanistan 16,916,990,000.00 2017
113 Zimbabwe 16,271,750,000.00 2017
114 Papua New Guinea 15,478,210,000.00 2017
115 Bosnia and Herzegovina 15,366,440,000.00 2017
116 Botswana 13,119,550,000.00 2017
117 Jamaica 12,965,000,000.00 2017
118 Georgia 12,682,830,000.00 2017
119 Lao PDR 12,401,980,000.00 2017
120 Albania 11,795,970,000.00 2017
121 Mali 11,713,360,000.00 2017
122 Nicaragua 11,699,440,000.00 2017
123 Namibia 11,350,640,000.00 2017
124 Mauritius 11,018,160,000.00 2017
125 Brunei 10,430,750,000.00 2017
126 The Bahamas 10,409,090,000.00 2017
127 Madagascar 10,358,130,000.00 2017
128 Gabon 10,341,550,000.00 2017
129 Armenia 10,047,920,000.00 2017
130 Mozambique 9,454,545,000.00 2017
131 Burkina Faso 8,770,543,000.00 2017
132 North Macedonia 8,729,106,000.00 2017
133 Guinea 8,314,137,000.00 2017
134 Moldova 8,171,334,000.00 2017
135 Haiti 7,887,357,000.00 2017
136 Benin 7,674,483,000.00 2017
137 Chad 7,631,261,000.00 2017
138 Rwanda 7,158,942,000.00 2017
139 Tajikistan 7,041,766,000.00 2017
140 Niger 6,589,834,000.00 2017
141 Mongolia 6,485,706,000.00 2017
142 Kyrgyz Republic 6,018,099,000.00 2017
143 Equatorial Guinea 5,914,983,000.00 2017
144 Montenegro 4,332,748,000.00 2017
145 Malawi 4,292,769,000.00 2017
146 Fiji 4,213,790,000.00 2017
147 Barbados 3,970,519,000.00 2017
148 Togo 3,939,459,000.00 2017
149 Eswatini 3,741,379,000.00 2017
150 Congo 3,500,682,000.00 2017
151 Mauritania 3,110,458,000.00 2017
152 Sierra Leone 3,052,326,000.00 2017
153 Guyana 3,010,530,000.00 2017
154 Lesotho 2,397,284,000.00 2017
155 Burundi 2,297,326,000.00 2017
156 Bhutan 2,015,408,000.00 2017
157 Eritrea 1,948,237,000.00 2011
158 Timor-Leste 1,615,694,000.00 2017
159 Liberia 1,588,949,000.00 2017
160 Central African Republic 1,484,502,000.00 2017
161 Belize 1,425,332,000.00 2017
162 Suriname 1,422,829,000.00 2017
163 St. Lucia 1,395,422,000.00 2017
164 Djibouti 1,384,525,000.00 2017
165 Cabo Verde 1,306,335,000.00 2017
166 Guinea-Bissau 1,118,926,000.00 2017
167 Seychelles 1,118,203,000.00 2017
168 The Gambia 1,066,614,000.00 2017
169 Comoros 1,004,867,000.00 2017
170 Solomon Islands 850,630,300.00 2017
171 Vanuatu 771,688,300.00 2017
172 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 728,765,700.00 2017
173 Samoa 720,153,700.00 2017
174 Tonga 396,773,200.00 2017
175 Dominica 380,891,700.00 2017
176 Kiribati 346,733,800.00 2017
177 São Tomé and Principe 153,018,100.00 2017

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Development Relevance: Adjusted net national income is particularly useful in monitoring low-income, resource-rich economies, like many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, because such economies often see large natural resources depletion as well as substantial exports of resource rents to foreign mining companies. For recent years adjusted net national income gives a picture of economic growth that is strikingly different from the one provided by GDP. The key to increasing future consumption and thus the standard of living lies in increasing national wealth - including not only the traditional measures of capital (such as produced and human capital), but also natural capital. Natural capital comprises such assets as land, forests, and subsoil resources. All three types of capital are key to sustaining economic growth. By accounting for the consumption of fixed and natural capital depletion, adjusted net national income better measures the income available for consumption or for investment to increase a country's future consumption.

Limitations and Exceptions: Adjusted net national income differs from the adjustments made in the calculation of adjusted net savings, by not accounting for investments in human capital or the damages from pollution. Thus, adjusted net national income remains within the boundaries of the United Nations System of National Accounts (SNA). The SNA includes non-produced natural assets (such as land, mineral resources, and forests) within the asset boundary when they are under the effective control of institutional units. The calculation of adjusted net national income, which accounts for net forest, energy, and mineral depletion, as well as consumption of fixed capital, thus remains within the SNA boundaries. This point is critical because it allows for comparisons across GDP, GNI, and adjusted net national income; such comparisons reveal the impact of natural resource depletion, which is otherwise ignored by the popular economic indicators.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Adjusted net national income complements gross national income (GNI) in assessing economic progress (Hamilton and Ley 2010) by providing a broader measure of national income that accounts for the depletion of natural resources. Adjusted net national income is calculated by subtracting from GNI a charge for the consumption of fixed capital (a calculation that yields net national income) and for the depletion of natural resources. The deduction for the depletion of natural resources, which covers net forest depletion, energy depletion, and mineral depletion, reflects the decline in asset values associated with the extraction and harvesting of natural resources. This is analogous to depreciation of fixed assets.

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Periodicity: Annual