Chemicals (% of value added in manufacturing) - Country Ranking

Definition: Value added in manufacturing is the sum of gross output less the value of intermediate inputs used in production for industries classified in ISIC major division D. Chemicals correspond to ISIC division 24.

Source: United Nations Industrial Development Organization, International Yearbook of Industrial Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Puerto Rico 61.81 2006
2 Qatar 61.56 2013
3 Ireland 48.70 2012
4 Oman 39.94 2014
5 Trinidad and Tobago 38.67 2006
6 Venezuela 34.28 1998
7 Barbados 30.35 1997
8 Iran 28.11 2014
9 Belgium 27.65 2014
10 The Bahamas 27.57 1998
11 Saudi Arabia 27.20 2006
12 Nigeria 25.71 1996
13 Kuwait 25.20 2013
14 Niger 24.77 2002
15 Switzerland 24.16 2013
16 Singapore 23.79 2014
17 Israel 22.38 2010
18 Denmark 22.15 2014
19 Syrian Arab Republic 21.52 1995
20 Jordan 21.17 2013
21 Sierra Leone 20.21 1993
22 Jamaica 18.77 1996
23 Senegal 18.58 2012
24 Guatemala 18.41 1988
25 Malta 17.71 2008
26 Slovenia 16.99 2013
27 United States 16.34 2011
28 Argentina 16.08 2002
29 El Salvador 16.06 1998
30 Libya 16.06 1980
31 India 15.97 2014
32 Netherlands 15.96 2014
33 Morocco 15.85 2013
34 Zambia 15.77 1994
35 Paraguay 14.55 2010
36 Bahrain 14.46 2013
37 Colombia 14.41 2012
38 Belize 14.12 1992
39 Pakistan 14.03 2006
40 Belarus 14.02 2014
41 Egypt 13.49 2012
42 Indonesia 13.23 2013
43 Sweden 12.74 2014
44 Somalia 12.65 1986
45 France 12.36 2014
46 Greece 12.08 2013
47 Côte d'Ivoire 12.02 1997
48 Cyprus 11.69 2014
49 Spain 11.65 2014
50 Mexico 11.61 2013
51 Chile 11.58 2013
52 Japan 11.43 2012
53 Brazil 11.21 2013
54 Uganda 11.07 2000
55 Algeria 11.01 2010
56 Croatia 10.90 1996
57 China 10.79 2007
58 Georgia 10.75 2013
59 Korea 10.64 2014
60 Ethiopia 10.63 2014
61 Germany 10.44 2014
62 Bolivia 10.41 2010
63 Malaysia 10.38 2012
64 Russia 10.17 2014
65 Cameroon 10.16 2002
66 Malawi 10.16 2012
67 Hungary 9.98 2013
68 United Kingdom 9.78 2013
69 Ghana 9.70 1993
70 Peru 9.61 2011
71 Ukraine 9.57 2014
72 Central African Republic 9.25 1993
73 Uruguay 9.17 2011
74 Canada 8.97 2014
75 Italy 8.87 2014
76 Norway 8.81 2014
77 Bulgaria 8.79 2014
78 Australia 8.66 2013
79 Hong Kong SAR, China 8.59 2014
80 Costa Rica 8.52 2013
81 Cuba 8.26 1989
82 United Arab Emirates 8.16 1985
83 Nicaragua 8.06 1985
84 Poland 7.89 2013
85 Austria 7.67 2014
86 Lebanon 7.64 2007
87 Eritrea 7.60 2012
88 Namibia 7.29 2013
89 Tanzania 7.17 2010
90 Macedonia 7.06 2010
91 South Africa 6.90 2010
92 Kenya 6.87 2013
93 Nepal 6.68 2011
94 Benin 6.57 1981
95 Tunisia 6.46 2010
96 Rwanda 6.44 1999
97 Turkey 6.41 2014
98 Kazakhstan 6.33 2013
99 Serbia 6.11 2014
100 Vietnam 6.05 2013
101 Lesotho 5.98 1985
102 Portugal 5.93 2014
103 Fiji 5.79 2011
104 Thailand 5.65 2011
105 Dominican Republic 5.56 1984
106 Mozambique 5.31 1973
107 Honduras 5.16 1996
108 Iceland 5.14 2005
109 Philippines 5.06 2012
110 Ecuador 5.01 2008
111 Mauritius 4.94 2012
112 Gabon 4.79 1995
113 Czech Republic 4.75 2013
114 Mongolia 4.60 2011
115 Botswana 4.60 1997
116 Panama 4.59 2001
117 Bangladesh 4.55 2011
118 New Zealand 4.53 2012
119 Lithuania 4.37 2014
120 Finland 4.21 2014
121 Sudan 4.09 2001
122 The Gambia 3.90 2004
123 Iraq 3.86 2011
124 Albania 3.84 2013
125 St. Lucia 3.56 1997
126 Sri Lanka 3.54 2012
127 Estonia 3.53 2014
128 Papua New Guinea 3.25 1987
129 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.17 2011
130 Slovak Republic 2.95 2013
131 Azerbaijan 2.92 2013
132 Luxembourg 2.76 2013
133 Lao PDR 2.72 1999
134 Burundi 2.21 2012
135 Romania 2.15 2013
136 Madagascar 2.06 2006
137 Macao SAR, China 2.01 1999
138 Yemen 1.99 2012
139 Kyrgyz Republic 1.97 2012
140 Latvia 1.79 2013
141 Tonga 1.72 1981
142 Burkina Faso 0.86 1983
143 Swaziland 0.52 2011
144 Cambodia 0.13 2000
145 Congo -5.43 2009

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Development Relevance: Firms typically use multiple processes to produce a product. For example, an automobile manufacturer engages in forging, welding, and painting as well as advertising, accounting, and other service activities. Collecting data at such a detailed level is not practical, nor is it useful to record production data at the highest level of a large, multiplant, multiproduct firm. The ISIC has therefore adopted as the definition of an establishment "an enterprise or part of an enterprise which independently engages in one, or predominantly one, kind of economic activity at or from one location . . . for which data are available . . ." (United Nations 1990). By design, this definition matches the reporting unit required for the production accounts of the United Nations System of National Accounts. The ISIC system is described in the United Nations' International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities, Third Revision (1990). The discussion of the ISIC draws on Ryten (1998).

Limitations and Exceptions: In establishing classifications systems compilers must define both the types of activities to be described and the units whose activities are to be reported. There are many possibilities, and the choices affect how the statistics can be interpreted and how useful they are in analyzing economic behavior. The ISIC emphasizes commonalities in the production process and is explicitly not intended to measure outputs (for which there is a newly developed Central Product Classification). Nevertheless, the ISIC views an activity as defined by "a process resulting in a homogeneous set of products."

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The data on the distribution of manufacturing value added by industry are provided by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). UNIDO obtains the data from a variety of national and international sources, including the United Nations Statistics Division, the World Bank, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and the International Monetary Fund. To improve comparability over time and across countries, UNIDO supplements these data with information from industrial censuses, statistics from national and international organizations, unpublished data that it collects in the field, and estimates by the UNIDO Secretariat. Nevertheless, coverage may be incomplete, particularly for the informal sector. When direct information on inputs and outputs is not available, estimates may be used, which may result in errors in industry totals. Moreover, countries use different reference periods (calendar or fiscal year) and valuation methods (basic or producer prices) to estimate value added.

Periodicity: Annual