Chemicals (% of value added in manufacturing) - Country Ranking

Definition: Value added in manufacturing is the sum of gross output less the value of intermediate inputs used in production for industries classified in ISIC major division D. Chemicals correspond to ISIC division 24.

Source: United Nations Industrial Development Organization, International Yearbook of Industrial Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Puerto Rico 61.81 2006
2 Qatar 48.59 2016
3 Ireland 42.69 2016
4 Trinidad and Tobago 38.67 2006
5 Venezuela 34.28 1998
6 Barbados 30.35 1997
7 Belgium 29.49 2016
8 Saudi Arabia 29.48 2016
9 Switzerland 27.58 2016
10 The Bahamas 27.57 1998
11 Iran 26.71 2016
12 Singapore 26.68 2016
13 Denmark 26.54 2016
14 Nigeria 25.71 1996
15 Belarus 24.72 2016
16 Kuwait 22.85 2016
17 Israel 22.38 2010
18 Syrian Arab Republic 21.52 1995
19 Sierra Leone 20.21 1993
20 Jordan 19.35 2016
21 Jamaica 18.77 1996
22 Senegal 18.58 2014
23 Guatemala 18.41 1988
24 Netherlands 16.40 2016
25 United States 16.32 2016
26 India 16.14 2016
27 Colombia 16.12 2016
28 Argentina 16.08 2002
29 El Salvador 16.06 1998
30 Libya 16.06 1980
31 Morocco 15.85 2015
32 Zambia 15.77 1994
33 Russia 15.26 2016
34 Zimbabwe 14.96 2015
35 Paraguay 14.55 2010
36 Bahrain 14.46 2013
37 Oman 14.26 2016
38 Belize 14.12 1992
39 Brazil 14.04 2016
40 Pakistan 14.03 2006
41 Chile 13.98 2016
42 Sweden 13.86 2016
43 Indonesia 13.23 2016
44 France 12.93 2016
45 Lithuania 12.70 2016
46 Somalia 12.65 1986
47 Cyprus 12.42 2016
48 Spain 12.24 2016
49 Côte d'Ivoire 12.02 1997
50 Hungary 11.73 2016
51 Hong Kong SAR, China 11.34 2016
52 Uganda 11.07 2000
53 Japan 10.95 2016
54 Georgia 10.94 2016
55 China 10.81 2016
56 Ethiopia 10.62 2015
57 Uruguay 10.44 2014
58 Bolivia 10.42 2012
59 Germany 10.38 2016
60 Greece 10.30 2016
61 Korea 10.30 2016
62 Cameroon 10.16 2002
63 Malawi 10.16 2012
64 Malaysia 9.90 2016
65 Ghana 9.70 1993
66 Australia 9.50 2016
67 Ukraine 9.36 2016
68 Central African Republic 9.25 1993
69 Kenya 9.11 2016
70 Mexico 9.03 2016
71 Tunisia 8.98 2015
72 Canada 8.97 2016
73 Italy 8.75 2016
74 United Kingdom 8.68 2016
75 Austria 8.63 2016
76 Serbia 8.33 2016
77 Cuba 8.26 1989
78 United Arab Emirates 8.16 1985
79 Egypt 8.09 2016
80 Nicaragua 8.06 1985
81 Croatia 7.91 2016
82 Peru 7.85 2016
83 Lebanon 7.64 2007
84 Philippines 7.48 2016
85 Poland 7.46 2016
86 Costa Rica 7.44 2016
87 Finland 7.43 2016
88 Namibia 7.35 2015
89 North Macedonia 7.06 2010
90 South Africa 7.00 2016
91 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.97 2016
92 Ecuador 6.85 2016
93 Turkey 6.71 2016
94 Nepal 6.68 2011
95 Benin 6.57 1981
96 Kazakhstan 6.52 2016
97 Portugal 6.51 2016
98 Rwanda 6.44 1999
99 Malta 6.27 2014
100 Bulgaria 6.15 2016
101 Lesotho 5.98 1985
102 Thailand 5.69 2013
103 Dominican Republic 5.56 1984
104 Albania 5.53 2016
105 Vietnam 5.50 2015
106 Mozambique 5.31 1973
107 Romania 5.24 2016
108 Honduras 5.16 1996
109 New Zealand 5.07 2016
110 Mauritius 4.85 2016
111 Gabon 4.79 1995
112 Iraq 4.79 2013
113 Fiji 4.76 2015
114 Slovenia 4.76 2016
115 Czech Republic 4.75 2013
116 Azerbaijan 4.68 2016
117 Botswana 4.60 1997
118 Panama 4.59 2016
119 Bangladesh 4.55 2011
120 Sri Lanka 4.48 2016
121 Montenegro 4.32 2016
122 Tanzania 4.20 2015
123 Sudan 4.09 2001
124 Moldova 4.06 2016
125 The Gambia 3.90 2004
126 Estonia 3.87 2016
127 St. Lucia 3.56 1997
128 Eritrea 3.49 2016
129 Slovak Republic 3.27 2016
130 Papua New Guinea 3.25 2001
131 Mongolia 2.83 2016
132 Luxembourg 2.83 2015
133 Burundi 2.79 2013
134 Lao PDR 2.72 1999
135 Iceland 2.71 2016
136 Latvia 2.36 2016
137 Armenia 2.07 2016
138 Madagascar 2.06 2006
139 Macao SAR, China 2.01 1999
140 Norway 1.94 2016
141 Niger 1.91 2015
142 Algeria 1.79 2015
143 Tonga 1.72 1981
144 Yemen 1.59 2014
145 Myanmar 1.44 2013
146 Burkina Faso 0.86 1983
147 Kyrgyz Republic 0.65 2016
148 Eswatini 0.52 2011
149 Cambodia 0.13 2000
150 Congo -5.43 2009

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Development Relevance: Firms typically use multiple processes to produce a product. For example, an automobile manufacturer engages in forging, welding, and painting as well as advertising, accounting, and other service activities. Collecting data at such a detailed level is not practical, nor is it useful to record production data at the highest level of a large, multiplant, multiproduct firm. The ISIC has therefore adopted as the definition of an establishment "an enterprise or part of an enterprise which independently engages in one, or predominantly one, kind of economic activity at or from one location . . . for which data are available . . ." (United Nations 1990). By design, this definition matches the reporting unit required for the production accounts of the United Nations System of National Accounts. The ISIC system is described in the United Nations' International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities, Third Revision (1990). The discussion of the ISIC draws on Ryten (1998).

Limitations and Exceptions: In establishing classifications systems compilers must define both the types of activities to be described and the units whose activities are to be reported. There are many possibilities, and the choices affect how the statistics can be interpreted and how useful they are in analyzing economic behavior. The ISIC emphasizes commonalities in the production process and is explicitly not intended to measure outputs (for which there is a newly developed Central Product Classification). Nevertheless, the ISIC views an activity as defined by "a process resulting in a homogeneous set of products."

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The data on the distribution of manufacturing value added by industry are provided by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). UNIDO obtains the data from a variety of national and international sources, including the United Nations Statistics Division, the World Bank, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and the International Monetary Fund. To improve comparability over time and across countries, UNIDO supplements these data with information from industrial censuses, statistics from national and international organizations, unpublished data that it collects in the field, and estimates by the UNIDO Secretariat. Nevertheless, coverage may be incomplete, particularly for the informal sector. When direct information on inputs and outputs is not available, estimates may be used, which may result in errors in industry totals. Moreover, countries use different reference periods (calendar or fiscal year) and valuation methods (basic or producer prices) to estimate value added.

Periodicity: Annual