Household final consumption expenditure (constant 2010 US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 12,388,500,000,000.00 2018
2 China 4,392,760,000,000.00 2018
3 Japan 3,433,900,000,000.00 2018
4 Germany 2,099,070,000,000.00 2018
5 United Kingdom 1,880,660,000,000.00 2018
6 India 1,608,150,000,000.00 2018
7 France 1,569,330,000,000.00 2018
8 Brazil 1,466,920,000,000.00 2018
9 Italy 1,286,300,000,000.00 2018
10 Canada 1,117,730,000,000.00 2018
11 Russia 910,842,000,000.00 2018
12 Mexico 854,725,000,000.00 2018
13 Spain 852,184,000,000.00 2018
14 Australia 795,467,000,000.00 2018
15 Turkey 727,303,000,000.00 2018
16 Korea 662,091,000,000.00 2018
17 Indonesia 635,187,000,000.00 2018
18 Netherlands 407,750,000,000.00 2018
19 Poland 367,335,000,000.00 2018
20 Switzerland 355,286,000,000.00 2018
21 Argentina 311,415,000,000.00 2018
22 Nigeria 287,240,000,000.00 2018
23 Belgium 276,815,000,000.00 2018
24 Sweden 273,211,000,000.00 2018
25 South Africa 264,628,000,000.00 2018
26 Colombia 257,971,000,000.00 2018
27 Saudi Arabia 240,476,000,000.00 2018
28 Philippines 228,251,000,000.00 2018
29 Egypt 224,852,000,000.00 2018
30 Austria 224,204,000,000.00 2018
31 Thailand 223,180,000,000.00 2018
32 Iran 219,451,000,000.00 2017
33 Norway 216,462,000,000.00 2018
34 Pakistan 214,757,000,000.00 2018
35 Malaysia 210,992,000,000.00 2018
36 Hong Kong SAR, China 203,688,000,000.00 2018
37 Israel 181,289,000,000.00 2018
38 Chile 176,331,000,000.00 2018
39 Greece 171,976,000,000.00 2018
40 Denmark 170,837,000,000.00 2018
41 Portugal 159,638,000,000.00 2018
42 Romania 152,240,000,000.00 2018
43 Finland 145,334,000,000.00 2018
44 Bangladesh 134,641,000,000.00 2018
45 Peru 132,762,000,000.00 2018
46 Vietnam 127,018,000,000.00 2018
47 Ireland 122,692,000,000.00 2018
48 Venezuela 121,890,000,000.00 2018
49 Czech Republic 119,195,000,000.00 2018
50 United Arab Emirates 118,180,000,000.00 2018
51 Singapore 114,853,000,000.00 2018
52 New Zealand 113,475,000,000.00 2018
53 Ukraine 104,506,000,000.00 2018
54 Kazakhstan 101,969,000,000.00 2018
55 Hungary 82,767,490,000.00 2018
56 Algeria 75,819,980,000.00 2018
57 Morocco 72,866,550,000.00 2018
58 Iraq 61,560,960,000.00 2010
59 Slovak Republic 59,153,250,000.00 2018
60 Sri Lanka 59,034,400,000.00 2018
61 Dominican Republic 57,031,520,000.00 2018
62 Puerto Rico 55,406,240,000.00 2018
63 Uzbekistan 54,131,620,000.00 2018
64 Ecuador 52,754,330,000.00 2018
65 Angola 49,717,840,000.00 2017
66 Kenya 49,134,370,000.00 2018
67 Guatemala 48,825,440,000.00 2018
68 Kuwait 46,688,760,000.00 2018
69 Ghana 45,570,820,000.00 2018
70 Sudan 44,881,750,000.00 2018
71 Belarus 44,512,280,000.00 2018
72 Cuba 43,320,550,000.00 2018
73 Lebanon 42,509,740,000.00 2018
74 Bulgaria 39,609,590,000.00 2018
75 Croatia 37,531,010,000.00 2018
76 Tunisia 35,185,330,000.00 2013
77 Uruguay 34,863,080,000.00 2018
78 Qatar 33,935,420,000.00 2017
79 Costa Rica 33,575,600,000.00 2018
80 Serbia 32,757,320,000.00 2018
81 Lithuania 32,097,070,000.00 2018
82 Slovenia 29,312,810,000.00 2018
83 Oman 28,912,390,000.00 2018
84 Côte d'Ivoire 28,459,910,000.00 2018
85 Myanmar 27,983,810,000.00 2010
86 Tanzania 27,560,550,000.00 2017
87 Azerbaijan 26,369,500,000.00 2012
88 Cameroon 26,263,320,000.00 2018
89 Paraguay 24,453,170,000.00 2018
90 Jordan 24,332,310,000.00 2018
91 Panama 24,155,900,000.00 2017
92 Dem. Rep. Congo 23,545,080,000.00 2018
93 Luxembourg 21,108,890,000.00 2018
94 Uganda 20,828,450,000.00 2018
95 Latvia 19,257,700,000.00 2018
96 El Salvador 19,210,840,000.00 2018
97 Bolivia 17,874,550,000.00 2018
98 Cyprus 17,622,770,000.00 2018
99 Zimbabwe 17,542,670,000.00 2018
100 Nepal 16,832,590,000.00 2018
101 Honduras 16,797,170,000.00 2018
102 Bosnia and Herzegovina 16,073,220,000.00 2018
103 Afghanistan 15,877,810,000.00 2010
104 Cambodia 14,426,400,000.00 2018
105 Estonia 13,974,960,000.00 2018
106 Bahrain 13,469,750,000.00 2018
107 Mozambique 12,458,550,000.00 2018
108 Namibia 11,937,950,000.00 2018
109 Georgia 11,526,450,000.00 2017
110 Mali 11,524,100,000.00 2018
111 Jamaica 11,159,760,000.00 2018
112 Zambia 11,063,330,000.00 2010
113 Albania 9,944,979,000.00 2014
114 Iceland 9,728,399,000.00 2018
115 Macao SAR, China 9,605,335,000.00 2018
116 Armenia 9,289,251,000.00 2018
117 Mauritius 9,176,233,000.00 2018
118 Nicaragua 9,130,663,000.00 2018
119 Malawi 9,031,269,000.00 2017
120 Madagascar 9,014,510,000.00 2018
121 Botswana 8,760,729,000.00 2018
122 Moldova 8,545,942,000.00 2018
123 Chad 8,511,783,000.00 2018
124 Burkina Faso 8,163,740,000.00 2018
125 North Macedonia 7,962,255,000.00 2018
126 Guinea 7,949,214,000.00 2018
127 Rwanda 7,771,080,000.00 2018
128 Lao PDR 7,559,644,000.00 2016
129 Mongolia 7,542,138,000.00 2018
130 Haiti 7,353,667,000.00 2018
131 The Bahamas 7,104,417,000.00 2018
132 Tajikistan 7,093,885,000.00 2013
133 Benin 6,497,323,000.00 2018
134 Malta 6,452,616,000.00 2018
135 Gabon 6,092,012,000.00 2018
136 Niger 6,022,398,000.00 2018
137 Togo 5,982,324,000.00 2018
138 Kyrgyz Republic 5,979,452,000.00 2018
139 Equatorial Guinea 5,965,753,000.00 2018
140 Montenegro 4,000,448,000.00 2018
141 Sierra Leone 3,857,243,000.00 2018
142 Eswatini 3,817,216,000.00 2018
143 Liberia 3,347,097,000.00 2018
144 Mauritania 3,086,946,000.00 2018
145 Barbados 2,707,907,000.00 2010
146 Lesotho 2,692,082,000.00 2018
147 Brunei 2,620,743,000.00 2018
148 Congo 2,495,305,000.00 2018
149 Burundi 2,113,889,000.00 2018
150 The Gambia 1,835,986,000.00 2018
151 Guyana 1,752,794,000.00 2018
152 Suriname 1,569,170,000.00 2010
153 Eritrea 1,488,568,000.00 2011
154 Central African Republic 1,342,754,000.00 2018
155 Cabo Verde 1,311,316,000.00 2018
156 Bhutan 1,262,923,000.00 2017
157 Guinea-Bissau 1,204,128,000.00 2018
158 Turkmenistan 1,139,270,000.00 2010
159 Greenland 1,115,218,000.00 2018
160 Belize 1,112,876,000.00 2018
161 Comoros 1,042,589,000.00 2018
162 St. Lucia 880,188,900.00 2010
163 Timor-Leste 787,814,300.00 2017
164 Seychelles 487,661,400.00 2010
165 Vanuatu 484,319,400.00 2014
166 Tonga 362,056,400.00 2010
167 Palau 165,407,700.00 2018

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Development Relevance: An economy's growth is measured by the change in the volume of its output or in the real incomes of its residents. The 2008 United Nations System of National Accounts (2008 SNA) offers three plausible indicators for calculating growth: the volume of gross domestic product (GDP), real gross domestic income, and real gross national income. The volume of GDP is the sum of value added, measured at constant prices, by households, government, and industries operating in the economy. GDP accounts for all domestic production, regardless of whether the income accrues to domestic or foreign institutions.

Limitations and Exceptions: Because policymakers have tended to focus on fostering the growth of output, and because data on production are easier to collect than data on spending, many countries generate their primary estimate of GDP using the production approach. Moreover, many countries do not estimate all the components of national expenditures but instead derive some of the main aggregates indirectly using GDP (based on the production approach) as the control total. Household final consumption expenditure is often estimated as a residual, by subtracting all other known expenditures from GDP. The resulting aggregate may incorporate fairly large discrepancies. When household consumption is calculated separately, many of the estimates are based on household surveys, which tend to be one-year studies with limited coverage. Thus the estimates quickly become outdated and must be supplemented by estimates using price- and quantity-based statistical procedures. Complicating the issue, in many developing countries the distinction between cash outlays for personal business and those for household use may be blurred. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians. Measures of growth in consumption and capital formation are subject to two kinds of inaccuracy. The first stems from the difficulty of measuring expenditures at current price levels. The second arises in deflating current price data to measure volume growth, where results depend on the relevance and reliability of the price indexes and weights used. Measuring price changes is more difficult for investment goods than for consumption goods because of the one-time nature of many investments and because the rate of technological progress in capital goods makes capturing change in quality difficult. (An example is computers - prices have fallen as quality has improved.)

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) from the expenditure side is made up of household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation (private and public investment in fixed assets, changes in inventories, and net acquisitions of valuables), and net exports (exports minus imports) of goods and services. Such expenditures are recorded in purchaser prices and include net taxes on products. Deflators for household consumption are usually calculated on the basis of the consumer price index.

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Base Period: 2010

Periodicity: Annual