Household final consumption expenditure (constant 2010 US$) - Country Ranking - Africa

Definition: Household final consumption expenditure (formerly private consumption) is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Nigeria 292,199,000,000.00 2015
2 South Africa 254,297,000,000.00 2016
3 Egypt 213,346,000,000.00 2016
4 Algeria 72,433,190,000.00 2016
5 Morocco 67,763,450,000.00 2016
6 Sudan 45,015,010,000.00 2016
7 Kenya 43,122,800,000.00 2016
8 Angola 39,974,560,000.00 2010
9 Tunisia 35,185,330,000.00 2013
10 Tanzania 30,640,060,000.00 2016
11 Ghana 28,955,880,000.00 2015
12 Côte d'Ivoire 25,114,540,000.00 2016
13 Cameroon 24,126,940,000.00 2016
14 Dem. Rep. Congo 22,084,430,000.00 2016
15 Uganda 20,103,240,000.00 2016
16 Senegal 12,555,280,000.00 2016
17 Namibia 11,889,130,000.00 2016
18 Zambia 11,063,330,000.00 2010
19 Mozambique 10,966,840,000.00 2016
20 Zimbabwe 10,428,480,000.00 2016
21 Mali 9,841,086,000.00 2016
22 Malawi 8,633,512,000.00 2016
23 Mauritius 8,606,329,000.00 2016
24 Chad 8,410,682,000.00 2016
25 Madagascar 8,084,401,000.00 2016
26 Botswana 7,888,977,000.00 2016
27 Rwanda 7,240,236,000.00 2016
28 Burkina Faso 7,176,743,000.00 2015
29 Benin 6,227,651,000.00 2016
30 Gabon 5,983,724,000.00 2016
31 Niger 5,667,343,000.00 2016
32 Equatorial Guinea 5,577,391,000.00 2016
33 Togo 5,199,736,000.00 2016
34 Congo 4,454,722,000.00 2016
35 Swaziland 3,790,559,000.00 2016
36 Sierra Leone 3,414,190,000.00 2016
37 Mauritania 2,686,407,000.00 2015
38 Lesotho 2,638,000,000.00 2016
39 Liberia 2,077,370,000.00 2016
40 Burundi 1,667,755,000.00 2016
41 Central African Republic 1,616,691,000.00 2016
42 Eritrea 1,488,568,000.00 2011
43 Cabo Verde 1,127,382,000.00 2013
44 Guinea-Bissau 971,412,400.00 2016
45 The Gambia 949,542,900.00 2016
46 Comoros 611,876,700.00 2014
47 Seychelles 487,661,400.00 2010

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Development Relevance: An economy's growth is measured by the change in the volume of its output or in the real incomes of its residents. The 2008 United Nations System of National Accounts (2008 SNA) offers three plausible indicators for calculating growth: the volume of gross domestic product (GDP), real gross domestic income, and real gross national income. The volume of GDP is the sum of value added, measured at constant prices, by households, government, and industries operating in the economy. GDP accounts for all domestic production, regardless of whether the income accrues to domestic or foreign institutions.

Limitations and Exceptions: Because policymakers have tended to focus on fostering the growth of output, and because data on production are easier to collect than data on spending, many countries generate their primary estimate of GDP using the production approach. Moreover, many countries do not estimate all the components of national expenditures but instead derive some of the main aggregates indirectly using GDP (based on the production approach) as the control total. Household final consumption expenditure is often estimated as a residual, by subtracting all other known expenditures from GDP. The resulting aggregate may incorporate fairly large discrepancies. When household consumption is calculated separately, many of the estimates are based on household surveys, which tend to be one-year studies with limited coverage. Thus the estimates quickly become outdated and must be supplemented by estimates using price- and quantity-based statistical procedures. Complicating the issue, in many developing countries the distinction between cash outlays for personal business and those for household use may be blurred. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians. Measures of growth in consumption and capital formation are subject to two kinds of inaccuracy. The first stems from the difficulty of measuring expenditures at current price levels. The second arises in deflating current price data to measure volume growth, where results depend on the relevance and reliability of the price indexes and weights used. Measuring price changes is more difficult for investment goods than for consumption goods because of the one-time nature of many investments and because the rate of technological progress in capital goods makes capturing change in quality difficult. (An example is computers - prices have fallen as quality has improved.)

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) from the expenditure side is made up of household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation (private and public investment in fixed assets, changes in inventories, and net acquisitions of valuables), and net exports (exports minus imports) of goods and services. Such expenditures are recorded in purchaser prices and include net taxes on products. Deflators for household consumption are usually calculated on the basis of the consumer price index.

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Base Period: 2010

Periodicity: Annual