Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget (%) - Country Ranking

Definition: Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget measures the extent to which aggregate budget expenditure outturn reflects the amount originally approved, as defined in government budget documentation and fiscal reports. The coverage is budgetary central government (BCG) and the time period covered is the last three completed fiscal years.

Source: Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA). Ministry of Finance (MoF).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Ghana 135.10 2011
2 The Gambia 131.48 2013
3 Lesotho 131.33 2016
4 Congo 129.01 2012
5 Zimbabwe 123.08 2016
6 Myanmar 120.16 2011
7 Madagascar 118.49 2016
8 Grenada 116.76 2008
9 Dem. Rep. Congo 116.10 2006
10 Zambia 115.33 2015
11 Bolivia 115.13 2008
12 Pakistan 114.76 2011
13 Belarus 112.58 2012
14 São Tomé and Principe 111.62 2008
15 Seychelles 111.54 2009
16 Kazakhstan 111.01 2016
17 Vietnam 109.40 2010
18 Azerbaijan 109.14 2016
19 Sierra Leone 106.65 2016
20 Solomon Islands 105.53 2011
21 Armenia 105.23 2016
22 New Caledonia 104.07 2011
23 Mozambique 103.30 2014
24 Honduras 103.10 2011
25 Togo 102.61 2015
26 Tuvalu 102.56 2009
27 Turkey 102.38 2016
28 Tajikistan 102.27 2017
29 Russia 101.97 2016
30 Georgia 101.90 2016
31 Panama 101.46 2009
32 India 100.75 2016
33 Montenegro 100.52 2016
34 Uganda 100.07 2016
35 Bosnia and Herzegovina 100.00 2011
36 Haiti 99.90 2010
37 Vanuatu 99.82 2011
38 Rwanda 99.80 2017
39 Greenland 99.67 2012
40 Burundi 99.52 2010
41 Turkmenistan 99.50 2017
42 South Africa 99.24 2013
43 Morocco 99.09 2014
44 El Salvador 99.00 2012
45 Ethiopia 98.89 2013
46 Bhutan 98.33 2015
47 Jordan 98.04 2015
48 Liberia 98.04 2015
49 Mauritania 97.96 2016
50 Poland 97.91 2016
51 Malawi 97.90 2017
52 Dominican Republic 97.82 2015
53 Tunisia 97.55 2013
54 Côte d'Ivoire 97.35 2016
55 Botswana 97.06 2012
56 Costa Rica 96.98 2012
57 Belize 96.88 2013
58 Romania 96.10 2016
59 Papua New Guinea 95.97 2013
60 Albania 95.91 2016
61 Burkina Faso 95.82 2016
62 Uzbekistan 95.76 2016
63 Chad 95.04 2017
64 Comoros 94.96 2015
65 Nepal 94.05 2013
66 Cambodia 93.93 2013
67 Serbia 93.81 2016
68 Brazil 93.75 2008
69 Kyrgyz Republic 93.09 2016
70 Cameroon 92.81 2016
71 Guatemala 92.80 2016
72 Mauritius 92.67 2014
73 North Macedonia 92.19 2017
74 Peru 91.77 2007
75 Moldova 91.76 2016
76 Sri Lanka 90.53 2016
77 Colombia 90.41 2014
78 Ukraine 89.53 2014
79 Antigua and Barbuda 89.15 2012
80 Indonesia 88.95 2016
81 Kenya 87.90 2011
82 Tanzania 86.87 2016
83 Guinea 85.93 2016
84 Kuwait 85.82 2008
85 Philippines 84.93 2016
86 Mali 84.52 2016
87 Timor-Leste 83.50 2016
88 Cabo Verde 82.55 2016
89 Paraguay 81.46 2015
90 Mongolia 80.76 2013
91 Afghanistan 79.60 2016
92 Benin 78.56 2014
93 Bangladesh 76.70 2017
94 Niger 69.91 2016
95 Guinea-Bissau 69.46 2017
96 Iraq 68.85 2015
97 Somalia 68.63 2016
98 Gabon 67.41 2015
99 Central African Republic 58.47 2009

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Development Relevance: The indicator attempts to capture the reliability of government budgets: do governments spend what they intend to and do they collect what they set out to collect. The ability to implement the enacted budget is an important factor in government’s ability to deliver public services and achieve development objectives. The deviation between approved and actual spending is measured over a 12-month period (the budget year) and may have important implications for macroeconomic stability, public service delivery, and social welfare. A credibly implemented budget has only small deviations from the approved one. If expenditure is under-executed, beneficiaries may not receive crucial services. Over-executed budgets may result in budget deficits and increased public debt levels and can influence the macroeconomic stability. In both cases, lack of budget credibility undermines the usefulness of the budget process for policy making and implementation and erodes public trust in government.

Periodicity: Annual