Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget (%) - Country Ranking - Asia

Definition: Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget measures the extent to which aggregate budget expenditure outturn reflects the amount originally approved, as defined in government budget documentation and fiscal reports. The coverage is budgetary central government (BCG) and the time period covered is the last three completed fiscal years.

Source: Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA). Ministry of Finance (MoF).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Myanmar 120.16 2011
2 Pakistan 114.76 2011
3 Kazakhstan 111.01 2016
4 Vietnam 109.40 2010
5 Azerbaijan 109.14 2016
6 Armenia 105.23 2016
7 Turkey 102.38 2016
8 Tajikistan 102.27 2017
9 Russia 101.97 2016
10 Georgia 101.90 2016
11 India 100.75 2016
12 Turkmenistan 99.50 2017
13 Bhutan 98.33 2015
14 Jordan 98.04 2015
15 Uzbekistan 95.76 2016
16 Nepal 94.05 2013
17 Cambodia 93.93 2013
18 Kyrgyz Republic 93.09 2016
19 Sri Lanka 90.53 2016
20 Indonesia 88.95 2016
21 Kuwait 85.82 2008
22 Philippines 84.93 2016
23 Timor-Leste 83.50 2016
24 Mongolia 80.76 2013
25 Afghanistan 79.60 2016
26 Bangladesh 76.70 2017
27 Iraq 68.85 2015

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Development Relevance: The indicator attempts to capture the reliability of government budgets: do governments spend what they intend to and do they collect what they set out to collect. The ability to implement the enacted budget is an important factor in government’s ability to deliver public services and achieve development objectives. The deviation between approved and actual spending is measured over a 12-month period (the budget year) and may have important implications for macroeconomic stability, public service delivery, and social welfare. A credibly implemented budget has only small deviations from the approved one. If expenditure is under-executed, beneficiaries may not receive crucial services. Over-executed budgets may result in budget deficits and increased public debt levels and can influence the macroeconomic stability. In both cases, lack of budget credibility undermines the usefulness of the budget process for policy making and implementation and erodes public trust in government.

Periodicity: Annual