Compensation of employees (% of expense) - Country Ranking

Definition: Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.

Source: International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Zimbabwe 62.82 2012
2 Syrian Arab Republic 62.24 2009
3 Iraq 58.27 2016
4 Sierra Leone 54.02 2014
5 Côte d'Ivoire 53.24 2014
6 Paraguay 53.21 2015
7 Madagascar 52.42 2014
8 Vanuatu 51.80 2011
9 Benin 51.29 2013
10 Lao PDR 50.20 2015
11 Swaziland 50.07 2012
12 Burkina Faso 49.57 2016
13 Grenada 49.34 2014
14 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 48.17 2014
14 St. Kitts and Nevis 48.17 2014
16 São Tomé and Principe 47.93 2012
17 Angola 47.86 2015
18 Cabo Verde 47.08 2009
19 Cambodia 45.78 2016
20 Honduras 45.72 2015
21 Bahrain 45.51 2013
22 Burundi 45.43 2013
23 St. Lucia 44.07 2014
24 Lesotho 43.91 2013
25 El Salvador 43.76 2015
26 Namibia 43.55 2015
27 Costa Rica 43.41 2015
28 Jordan 43.05 2013
29 Antigua and Barbuda 42.82 2014
30 Dem. Rep. Congo 42.61 2010
31 Nigeria 42.22 2013
32 Mozambique 42.13 2012
33 Dominica 41.55 2014
34 Kyrgyz Republic 41.28 2016
35 Botswana 41.01 2014
36 Liberia 40.91 2013
37 Bhutan 40.86 2016
38 Belize 40.83 2014
39 Zambia 40.43 2011
40 Algeria 40.23 2011
41 Iran 39.80 2009
42 Morocco 39.60 2011
43 Mali 38.82 2016
44 Jamaica 38.81 2016
45 The Bahamas 37.34 2015
46 Dominican Republic 37.21 2016
47 Nicaragua 36.47 2016
48 Ghana 36.10 2010
49 Suriname 35.74 2012
50 Philippines 35.57 2016
51 Solomon Islands 35.17 2016
52 Kiribati 35.08 2016
53 Tunisia 35.05 2012
54 United Arab Emirates 34.82 2016
55 Mauritius 34.77 2016
56 Palau 33.15 2016
57 Kenya 32.74 2015
58 Kuwait 32.58 2015
59 Malaysia 32.54 2015
60 Samoa 32.44 2016
61 Seychelles 32.31 2016
62 Malawi 32.30 2016
63 Fiji 32.21 2013
64 Togo 31.47 2016
65 Guatemala 31.10 2013
66 Malta 31.09 2015
67 Macao SAR, China 30.83 2016
68 Cyprus 30.81 2015
69 The Gambia 28.96 2009
70 Sri Lanka 28.73 2016
71 San Marino 28.55 2016
72 Thailand 28.54 2016
73 Qatar 28.21 2010
74 Central African Republic 27.48 2011
75 Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.24 2016
76 Barbados 26.96 2013
77 Singapore 26.60 2016
78 Senegal 26.37 2016
79 New Zealand 25.67 2016
80 Serbia 25.43 2012
81 Congo 25.39 2012
82 Iceland 25.38 2015
83 Tanzania 24.74 2014
84 Trinidad and Tobago 24.51 2014
85 Ireland 24.43 2015
86 Egypt 24.21 2013
87 Nepal 24.06 2016
88 Croatia 23.70 2014
89 Turkey 23.64 2015
90 Oman 23.62 2013
91 Albania 23.06 2016
92 Bulgaria 22.79 2015
93 Israel 22.72 2015
94 Lebanon 22.40 2016
95 Bolivia 22.22 2007
96 Uruguay 21.97 2014
97 Rwanda 21.60 2016
98 Bangladesh 21.58 2015
99 Chile 21.09 2016
100 Equatorial Guinea 21.00 2009
101 Armenia 20.99 2015
102 Uganda 20.99 2016
103 Portugal 20.95 2015
104 Greece 20.83 2015
105 Papua New Guinea 20.02 2016
106 France 19.03 2015
107 Mongolia 18.69 2013
108 Hungary 18.66 2015
109 Peru 18.52 2015
110 Luxembourg 18.18 2015
111 Estonia 18.05 2015
112 Latvia 17.98 2015
113 Slovenia 17.40 2015
114 Norway 16.84 2015
115 Timor-Leste 16.78 2015
116 Georgia 16.61 2016
117 Macedonia 16.57 2012
118 Indonesia 16.38 2016
119 Lithuania 16.24 2015
120 United Kingdom 14.95 2015
121 Azerbaijan 14.42 2015
122 Poland 14.23 2015
123 Romania 14.18 2015
124 South Africa 14.16 2015
125 Slovak Republic 13.68 2015
126 Italy 13.65 2015
127 Ukraine 13.65 2016
128 Russia 13.11 2016
129 Ethiopia 12.80 2011
130 Moldova 12.19 2016
131 Argentina 12.13 2016
132 Mexico 11.69 2016
133 Belarus 11.65 2016
134 Brazil 11.00 2015
135 Denmark 10.84 2015
136 Canada 10.69 2016
137 Australia 10.64 2016
138 Austria 10.47 2015
139 Korea 10.31 2015
140 Spain 10.18 2015
141 Colombia 9.87 2015
142 United States 9.69 2016
143 Sweden 9.18 2015
144 Netherlands 8.35 2015
145 India 8.13 2013
146 Finland 7.79 2015
147 Czech Republic 7.43 2015
148 Switzerland 6.88 2016
149 Japan 6.18 2015
150 Kazakhstan 6.09 2016
151 Belgium 6.01 2015
152 Germany 5.91 2015
153 Pakistan 3.82 2011

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Limitations and Exceptions: For most countries central government finance data have been consolidated into one account, but for others only budgetary central government accounts are available. Countries reporting budgetary data are noted in the country metadata. Because budgetary accounts may not include all central government units (such as social security funds), they usually provide an incomplete picture. In federal states the central government accounts provide an incomplete view of total public finance. Data on government revenue and expense are collected by the IMF through questionnaires to member countries and by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Despite IMF efforts to standardize data collection, statistics are often incomplete, untimely, and not comparable across countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The IMF's Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014, harmonized with the 2008 SNA, recommends an accrual accounting method, focusing on all economic events affecting assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, not just those represented by cash transactions. It accounts for all changes in stocks, so stock data at the end of an accounting period equal stock data at the beginning of the period plus flows over the period. The 1986 manual considered only debt stocks. Government finance statistics are reported in local currency. Many countries report government finance data by fiscal year; see country metadata for information on fiscal year end by country.

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual