Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) - Country Ranking

Definition: Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Source: World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Equatorial Guinea 2,519.02 2012
2 Mozambique 828.87 2012
3 Cambodia 552.60 2012
4 Botswana 514.00 2012
5 Chad 498.73 2012
6 Lao PDR 436.76 2012
7 Sudan 430.92 2012
8 Namibia 421.23 2012
9 Senegal 391.86 2012
10 Qatar 369.35 2012
11 Guinea-Bissau 366.89 2012
12 Grenada 359.90 2012
13 Ghana 265.43 2012
14 Burkina Faso 261.37 2012
15 Central African Republic 252.29 2012
16 Bolivia 222.73 2012
17 China 219.95 2012
18 Yemen 218.48 2012
19 Vietnam 213.63 2012
20 The Gambia 196.68 2012
21 United Arab Emirates 182.61 2012
22 Gabon 181.59 2012
23 Ethiopia 175.32 2012
24 Bhutan 157.55 2012
25 Malawi 153.39 2012
26 Mali 151.47 2012
27 Seychelles 149.21 2012
28 Belize 148.11 2012
29 Tanzania 147.85 2012
30 Madagascar 143.90 2012
31 Panama 138.45 2012
32 Jordan 134.48 2012
33 Iran 129.44 2007
34 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 126.98 2012
35 Burundi 123.46 2012
36 Mauritania 123.25 2012
37 Korea 122.62 2012
38 Chile 120.51 2012
39 Uganda 118.76 2012
40 India 116.44 2012
41 St. Lucia 115.29 2012
42 Pakistan 114.28 2012
43 Morocco 114.25 2012
44 Egypt 112.43 2012
45 Israel 112.18 2012
46 Timor-Leste 111.77 2012
47 Thailand 111.67 2012
48 Guatemala 111.41 2012
49 Rwanda 105.72 2012
50 Zimbabwe 105.29 2012
51 São Tomé and Principe 100.55 2012
52 Turkey 98.54 2012
53 Dominican Republic 96.43 2012
54 Bahrain 92.66 2012
55 Comoros 91.67 2012
56 El Salvador 88.13 2012
57 Tunisia 87.20 2012
58 Brazil 86.12 2012
59 Lesotho 84.48 2012
60 Nigeria 84.36 2012
61 Cabo Verde 80.75 2009
62 Oman 75.93 2012
63 Philippines 73.63 2012
64 Togo 71.00 2012
65 Ecuador 70.92 2012
66 Dominica 70.54 2012
67 Canada 68.73 2012
68 Jamaica 66.05 2012
69 Algeria 65.79 2012
70 Sri Lanka 65.69 2012
71 Niger 65.40 2012
72 Haiti 64.93 2012
73 Nepal 62.28 2012
74 Liberia 61.71 2012
75 Nicaragua 59.04 2012
76 Syrian Arab Republic 58.67 2012
77 Australia 57.93 2012
78 Hong Kong SAR, China 57.39 2012
79 Iraq 55.74 2012
80 Guinea 55.51 2012
81 Swaziland 53.78 2012
82 Zambia 52.76 2012
83 Djibouti 51.86 2012
84 Eritrea 49.25 2012
85 Honduras 49.15 2012
86 Antigua and Barbuda 48.47 2012
87 Cyprus 44.85 2012
88 Bangladesh 44.67 2012
89 South Africa 43.79 2007
90 Afghanistan 43.53 2011
91 Costa Rica 42.83 2012
92 Argentina 42.67 2012
93 Malaysia 40.54 2012
94 Kenya 39.44 2012
95 The Bahamas 35.39 2012
96 Libya 34.47 2012
97 Mexico 34.26 2012
98 Venezuela 34.18 2012
99 Kiribati 32.48 2009
100 Uruguay 31.12 2012
101 Tuvalu 29.96 2012
102 Barbados 28.42 2012
103 Peru 25.63 2012
104 Tonga 24.78 2011
105 Portugal 24.55 2012
106 Samoa 24.03 2012
107 Malta 23.89 2007
108 Sierra Leone 22.66 2012
109 Somalia 22.07 2012
110 New Zealand 18.94 2012
111 Spain 18.72 2012
112 Mauritius 16.34 1995
113 Japan 13.35 2012
114 Turkmenistan 13.34 2012
115 Austria 13.31 2012
116 Puerto Rico 11.97 2012
117 New Caledonia 11.52 1998
118 Slovenia 5.49 2012
119 Uzbekistan 4.64 2012
120 Greece 4.05 2012
121 Cameroon 3.45 2012
122 United States 3.39 2012
123 Cayman Islands 3.35 1991
124 Vanuatu 2.97 2012
125 Colombia -0.56 2012
126 Kazakhstan -1.55 2012
127 Fiji -3.04 2012
128 Belgium -3.26 2012
129 Luxembourg -3.75 2012
130 Switzerland -4.05 2012
131 Ireland -4.80 2012
132 Italy -5.14 2012
133 Norway -5.82 2012
134 Cuba -8.11 2012
135 Finland -8.58 2012
136 Macedonia -9.33 2012
137 France -10.01 2012
138 Croatia -12.42 2012
139 Poland -12.53 2012
140 Netherlands -12.74 2012
141 Bosnia and Herzegovina -13.44 2012
142 Sweden -14.78 2012
143 Angola -18.01 2012
144 Brunei -19.26 2012
145 Albania -19.92 2012
146 Paraguay -20.35 2012
147 Russia -21.99 2012
148 Solomon Islands -22.22 2012
149 Germany -24.23 2012
150 United Kingdom -24.63 2012
151 Denmark -25.91 2012
152 Azerbaijan -27.61 2012
153 Benin -28.94 2012
154 Tajikistan -29.09 2012
155 Czech Republic -29.18 2012
156 Dem. People's Rep. Korea -32.58 2012
157 Indonesia -33.01 2012
158 Hungary -35.43 2012
159 Slovak Republic -35.93 2012
160 Bulgaria -37.14 2012
161 Myanmar -39.64 2012
162 Belarus -40.86 2012
163 Dem. Rep. Congo -41.73 2012
164 Congo -43.76 2012
165 Lithuania -45.82 2012
166 Armenia -50.18 2012
167 Romania -50.76 2012
168 Mongolia -57.17 2010
169 Ukraine -57.52 2012
170 Estonia -58.25 2012
171 Kyrgyz Republic -58.55 2012
172 Latvia -58.58 2012
173 Georgia -61.73 2012
174 Papua New Guinea -62.42 2012
175 Guyana -63.31 2012
176 Moldova -70.15 2012
177 Iceland -74.66 2012
178 Suriname -74.68 2012
179 Côte d'Ivoire -77.99 2012

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The GHG totals are expressed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP100 metric of the Second Assessment Report of IPCC and include CO2 (GWP100=1), CH4 (GWP100=21), N2O (GWP100=310) and F-gases (c-C4F8 GWP=8700, C2F6 GWP=9200, C3F8 GWP=7000, C4F10 GWP=7000, C5F12 GWP=7500, C6F14 GWP=7400, C7F16 GWP=7820, CF4 GWP=6500, HFC-125 GWP=2800, HFC-134a GWP=1300, HFC-143a GWP=3800, HFC-152a GWP=140, HFC-227ea GWP=2900, HFC-23 GWP=11700, HFC-236fa GWP=6300, HFC-245fa GWP=858, HFC-32 GWP=650, HFC-365mfc GWP=804, HFC-43-10-mee GWP=1300, SF6 GWP=23900).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual